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Control Valve Ppt

Basic description of diff. type of control valves




TODAY’ TODAY’S S TOPIC CONTROL VALVE controller Inst Air What is control valve? Control valves are such type of valves which are controlled remotely to maintain maintain  flow rate, Level, Level, pressure and temperature temperature directly or indirectly indirectly as per requirement. requirement.  Application of CONTROL CONTROL VAL VALVE: VE: Flow rate control Level control Pressure control Temperature control Control valve in FLO FLOW W CONTROL controller Inst Air dP Flow measurement Control valve in LEVEL LEVE L CONTROL controller Inst Air Control valve in PRESSURE CONTROL controller Inst Air Pressurized vessel Control valve in Temperature Control controller Inst Air Super heated Steam in Cold water in Hot water out Steam out Relationship Relationship of major components of a control valve Control valve Classification of control valve valve on the basis of actuator action Classification of control valve valve on the basis of valve action Failure mode Actuator action Valve body action Control valve action Failure mode Valve Color Direct Direct Air to close FAIL OPEN Green Direct Reverse Air to open FAIL CLOSE Red Reverse Direct Air to open FAIL CLOSE Red Reverse Reverse Air to close FAIL OPEN Green Characteristic of control valve Characterized valve plugs Characterized cages for glove style valve bodies Pictures of Few typical valves Glove valve Angle valve and two port valve Cage valve and aerodynamic noise reduction Butter fly valve Ball valve Control valve used as a shutdown valve ….and same arrangement with redundant. Valve leakage Valve leakage refers to flow through a valve which is set in the 'off' state In the United States, the American National Standards Institute specifies six different leakage classes, with "leakage" defined in terms of the full open valve capacity:  Class I, or 'dust-tight' valves, are intended to work but have not been tested  Class II valves have no more than 0.5% leakage with 50psi (or less if operating pressure is less) of air pressure at the operating temperature temperature  Class III valves have no more than 0.1% leakage under those conditions; this may require soft valve seats, or lapped metal surfaces  Class IV valves have no more than 0.01% leakage under those conditions; this tends to require multiple graphite piston rings or a single Teflon piston ring, and lapped metal seats.  Class V valves leak less than 5/10^12 cubic meters, per second, per bar of pressure differential, per millimeter of port diameter, of water when tested at the service pressure. Valve leakage  Class VI valves are slightly different different in that they , and are required (at 50psi or operating pressure, whichever is less) to have less than a specified leakage rate in milliliters of air per minute: 1 inch 1.5 inch 2 inch 2.5 inch 3 inch 4 inch 6 inch 8 inch 10 inch 12 inch 0.15 ml/min 0.30 ml/min 0.45 ml/min 0.60 ml/min 0.90 ml/min 1.70 ml/min 4.00 ml/min 6.75 ml/min 9 ml/min 11.5 ml/min