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Cps 4 Mixed Media Art Techniques




4 mixed-media artt techniques ar techniques  presented by cloth paper scissors 1 ® 2 4 3 1  who can resist magic? 3 moira ackers 2 usion-dyed collage traci bautista mixed-media watercolor techniques jacqueline sullivan 4 textured backgrounds or collage misty mawn h ere at Cloth PaPer SCiSSorS®, we’re all about starting rom scratch and that’s why our frst-ever eBook is a collection o our dierent approaches to mixed-media backgrounds. Whether Whether you like to work on paper or canvas, these ideas will get you started. Use any or all o these techniques to jump start a day o creativity or work them into your own private day o experimentation. We’re starting things o with Moira Ackers’ss unique approach to resists, which Ackers’ are highlighted with acrylic wax. Next, Traci Bautista’s ascinating usion-dyed collage process will have you running to the grocery store or the jumbo pack o  paper towels. Those o you who enjoy the more transparent side o vibrancy will fnd Jacqueline Sullivan’s mixed-media watercolor techniques both inspiring and approachable. And i you love texture, you’ll appreciate Misty Mawn’s article on textured backgrounds or collage. Whether you like to lay it on thick or layer it on in transparent washes, this eBook contains ideas you can start using today to kick o a creative spell o art making. Mixed-media  Art Techniques 4  presented by  Cloth Paper Scissors® editor assistant editor Jenn Mason Barbara Delaney creative services division art director PhotograPhe Larissa Davis Larry Stein Pj  fm  f p  pl u ly. Cloth paper SCiSSorS®   pbl f y lbly  fm , m,  mk    Bk,   ul p uuly, plly w p  l fm. iw P LLc  pm  ppy y p publ   u f pl u ly. Jenn Mason Editor  N e e d f r e s h i N s p i r a t i o N ? look inside cloth clot h paper scissors ®  where you’ll nd ideas or: Mixed-media stitch Art journaling Assemblage Working with ound objects Surace design Metal working Printmaking 4 Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc Encaustic collage Book making Upcycled art  Available on newsstands  worldwide and through subscription. Toll-free within the U.S. & Canada: 800.406.5283 Toll-free 800.406.5283 International In ternational customers: 760.291.1519 (not toll-free) Cloth PaPer SCiSSorS Magazine, P.O. P. O. Box 469087, Escondido, CA 92046-9350 2 adpd f Cloth PaPer SCiSSorS® spg 2006 who can resist magic? i didn’t invent this simple resist printing technique, but over several years I have made it my own and I really love the results. Whether I use the papers created to urther some design work, in my journals, or just as book covers or wrapping paper, I am always pleased with the results. What appeals to me most is that this technique is inexpensive, quick, sae, and very exible. This is the sort o activity you can do at home, and you might even let the kids join in (once  you’ve tried it out a couple o times). Moreover, it is a method that will provide  you with wonderul suraces to work on and develop in your own projects. It can be as sophisticated or as simple as you wish. Once you’ve got your supplies together  you need to set aside some time. I like to give mysel a ull day and really create a mountain o papers. They’ll always be useul. You need to have a large surace to work on and make sure everything is covered to protect it. I like to work in my kitchen and put the wet papers to dry on plastic sheets on my living room oor. Wear plastic 4 gloves i you hate messy hands. And then kick the kids out, at least the frst time  you do this, and get to work. For this project I worked rom photos I’d taken o a wall in Cambridge, England. I loved the mix o windows and their chaotic placement. I created a brick wall block and several window blocks. Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc materials • A thin, oam-based material such as Quickprint (UK), Darice Foamies, or a styrooam meat tray (thoroughly washed and dried) • Acrylic paints • Water-based pigments or inks, Procion dye powders, or ood coloring • Papers • Ballpoint pen • Plastic sheeting to protect work surace • 2" to 3" paint brushes or sponge brushes • Brayers • Tubs or old trays to mix your colors • Acrylic wax • Scissors • Pens • Rubber gloves (optional) • A container o water (or soaking brushes) Let: Building shapes and spires in resist with a red/orange wash. by M ak 3 A window rom a wall in Cambridge, England, inspiration or the project on the ollowing pages. directions create your printing blocks 1. Cut your oam (Quickprint, Darice Foamies, or styrooam meat tray,  washed and dried) into shapes that suit your design source. Cut your blocks, taking care to size them appropriately. Blocks bigger than  your hand can be difcult to grasp,  while blocks cut too small are also awkward to work with. 2. Lightly draw your design onto your oam sheet but don’t press into the oam yet. 3.  When you’re happy with your outlines, go over them using a ballpoint pen, pressing frmly to pierce the skin o the sheet and create an impression. 4. This is not a precise process, so go or simple, bold designs at frst. 4 Brick wall and window blocks created in oam. Images were lightly drawn and then etched into the oam with a ballpoint pen.  You can always add lines or details later. It is important to note that Quickprint has a grain. I you work against it with your pen, you'll get a more jagged line. This can be an advantage giving your line interest, but i you don’t like it, turn it around and work in the other direction. Remember that this is a negative process so the lines you’ve drawn are  where the paint won’t be, and details like writing need to be reversed. Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc acrylic wax Acrylic wax has the appearance and eel o wax but is actually a waterbased medium. It can be mixed with color or bronze powders and dries with a slightly less transparent fnish than acrylic varnish. It gives an unusual and mysterious fnish to artwork and is useul or a wide range o applications as it is resistant to water and heat. 4 Sample 1: Paper stamped with the brick wall design and some window designs, in dierent colors. printing (see sample 1) 1. Lay your paper out on the table.  You can scrunch it frst and then smooth it at or added texture. This technique is a simple printing process. 2. Mix your acrylic paint using a small amount at a time. This allows you to add and change your colors as you like. Acrylic paints dry ast, which is great or this process but bad or the brushes. I the brushes dry there is no saving them; that’s why I use cheap brushes. 3. Brush a light covering o your acrylic onto your print block (too much paint will cause the image to smudge). Place the block ace down on your paper. 4. Run the brayer over the block and then peel the block o the paper. Sample 2: The stamped paper with a watercolor wash. using light colors on dark paper as they’ll look a bit sad and dull at frst). Don’t despair—there are a lot o  experiments you can do at this stage. For example, by printing twice rom the block without adding paint, you’ll get a much ainter second print. You can also rotate or stagger your block. the watercolor  wash (see sample 2)  While the acrylic paint dries, make up  your watercolor wash o inks, dyes, or ood coloring. Mix them in tubs with mouths wide enough or you to dip your brushes in.  Wash over the entire surace o your printed paper. The dry acrylic, now a plastic surace, will “resist” the  watercolor paint, just like in batik. This is where the magic happens. Suddenly  your printed designs jump out at you. 5. Repeat the printing process, covering  You can cover the whole paper with one as much or as little o the paper as you wish. Remember that this is the beginning, so it won’t look magical yet (especially i you’re color wash, but I like to start at one end  with one color and work through the sheet using other colors, allowing them 4 Sample 3: A coat o acrylic wax applied over all. to mix and blend. Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc A variety o line motis repeated, with a wash in shades o blue. 5  You can leave the paint as is to dry or pat or dab the excess paint with paper toweling to speed up the drying time. Remember that wet paper is ragile and  will tear. Also, the watercolors will dry lighter since they are transparent. I you scrunched the paper at the beginning, the broken fbers o the paper will absorb more paint, giving added texture. Any spare paint can be stored in a jar or uture use. adding the acrylic  wax (see sample 3)  Allow your paper to dry. Don’t be disappointed that some o the “magic” has gone as your paper dries with a dull look. Water down your acrylic wax (1:1) and then brush this over your paper. I usually do several coats and this gives it a lovely gleam. When brushing on the  wax it will appear milky but like PVA glue it dries clear. Let it dry or at least a day. Store the diluted wax in a jar or uture use; it will last or ages. So there you have it. Beautiul papers or you to work with. I’m sure once you have a go you’ll keep doing it and work it to suit your own style.  You can reach Moira by emailing: [email protected] resources Darice Foamies Available at Michael’s and at Jo-Ann Fabrics • acrylic wax Polyvine Products (U.S.) • Art Van Go (U.K. & Europe) • Above: The fnal product, brick and window images covering t he sheet. Unique paper or a variety o uses. 4 Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc 6 ushion-dyed collage by adpd f Cloth PaPer SCiSSorS® s 2005 t Bu o ne o my avorite art materials is the unassuming paper towel. Because o its absorbent nature and various textures, the paper towel is a great canvas on which to create beautiully dyed papers. Ater teaching kids’ art workshops, I ound that paper towels became an inexpensive, readily available alternative to high-end rice paper or teaching the Japanese art o dyeing paper known as orizomegami. Needless to say, I have stacks o dyed paper towels and napkins anxiously waiting to be used in my artwork. From this, usion-dyed papers were born. This collage technique merges layers o dyed paper towels, ephemera, and paint to create beautiul, transparent, textured pieces o art. “FunkyHeart”•Collagecreatedwithgluedlayersofdyedpapertowels,accentedwitha stencilled heart and a square pattern created with square brushes. dyeing materials • • • • • • • Dyed paper towels. • • • • • • 4 Various water-based media Liquid watercolors Dye-based ink reflls Pigment ink reflls Iridescent calligraphy inks Golden® uid acrylics Ultra-fne art glitter 3 oz. plastic Dixie® cups Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc • Crat sticks 2-ply paper towels Pipette/eye dropper Freezer paper Spray water bottle Brayer creating the dye Using a separate cup or each color, mix  your choice o water-based dye medium  with a bit o water. Depending on the intensity o color you desire, add more 7 or less water. To create a metallic dye, add a ew drops o gold or silver uid acrylic or iridescent acrylic ink to your mixture. To add sparkle, drop a pinch o  glitter into your dye mixture. Stir dye  with a crat stick. dyeing the paper folded di p dyeing This method creates controlled patterns. To begin, old a paper towel. Experiment  with dierent olds; squares, rectangles, triangles, and accordion pleats will all produce dierent and interesting patterns. Dip the olded paper towel into  various dye colors (I use 2–3 colors). Fill a pipette with dye and squeeze some onto the paper towel to spot dye and create lines o color. The colors will begin to run together in some spots, freezer paper dyeing This creates random spotted patterns. Drizzle various watercolors, inks, and uid acrylics over the shiny side o a large piece o reezer paper. Sprinkle glitter over the paper and then spray  with a water bottle to disperse and mix the colors. Place a paper towel over the top o the reezer paper to pick up the paint and continue to spray water to blend the colors on the paper towel. Continue to add color to the reezer paper and then roll a brayer over the top until the paper towel is completely dyed. Drizzle intererence colors over the top o the dyed paper towel. tips on dyeing • blending and creating new colors. •  All water-based media are intermixable.  Avoid dipping into the three primary colors (red, yellow, and blue) as this creates muddy brown. • • scrunch dyeing • This method creates ree-orm/tie-dye patterns. Crumple a paper towel and dip it into various colors. Squeeze the paper towel to spread color. Take another paper towel and squeeze out the extra dye onto it and you’ll have an extra dyed paper towel. Metallic paint will settle to the bottom o cups; stir completely and oten. Clean tools, cups, and brushes with paper towels and use those in your art—never waste them! Various collage ephemera including black-and-white photocopies, Asian joss papers, dyed paper towel cut-outs, and printed napkins. collage materials • • • • Dyed paper towels can be used wet or dry or collage techniques. • • Do not use waterproo or solventbased inks; they create a gum-like solution when mixed. I using watercolors to dye, the papers will bleed when collaged together. Ater dyeing a paper towel, place it between two pieces o white construction paper and rub gently to take a monoprint. • • • • • • • optional • • • • • • 4 Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc Crat glue Water 2" at paintbrush Various collage ephemera (Japanese lace paper, tissue paper, joss paper, napkins, maps, music sheets, dictionary pages) Black-and-white photocopies 1" oam brush Various size at paintbrushes Golden heavy body acrylic paint Rubber/oam stamps (I preer unmounted.) Stencils Golden glossy sot gel medium Miscellaneous at brushes Wite-Out pen Dimensional glitter paint Metallic crayons Portolio oil pastels Black Sumi or India ink 8 “ThreeHearts”•Acollagecreatedwithfreezerpaperdyedpapertowels.Repeatingheart pattern created with heavy-body acr ylics painted through a handmade heart stencil. 4. Coat the top o the paper towel The usion-dyed technique with layered paper towels creates transparent paper. creating usion-dyed collage basic technique — layering dyed paper towels 1. Mix glue with water (use a 4:1 ratio, glue to water) in a large plastic cup. 2.  With a 2" at brush, spread the glue mixture over the shiny surace o an 18" x 30" piece o reezer paper. 3. Pull apart the layers o pre-dyed 2-ply  with a layer o the glue mixture. Continue to layer dyed paper towels, overlapping the edges to fll the entire piece o reezer paper. Be sure to coat each layer o the collage with the glue mixture as you go. 5. Cut shapes like hearts or owers rom the dyed towels and adhere with the glue mixture, building up the layers o the collage. Let collage dry completely. 6. Once dry, careully peel it rom reezer paper and you have a beautiul transparent collage. paper towels and place a single layer o the dyed paper towel onto the glued surace. 4 Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc  variations : 1. Seal the collage with a coat o  glossy sot gel medium to create a shiny fnish. Accent the top layer by painting patterns with heavy-body acrylics using stencils, stamps, and at brushes. 2. Follow the basic technique and then layer ephemera to create a ocal point. Coat the layer with the glue mixture and then write words and phrases over the top o collage  with dimensional glitter paint or  WiteOut pens. 3. Follow the basic technique and then cut a shape rom one o your dyed paper towels. Place the cutout onto  your collage and apply a coat o the 9 Detail o a black-and-white ephemera photocopy background. glue mixture. Let stand or a minute and lit o the shape. You will notice that the cutout has dyed the bottom layer. Repeat to create a pattern. 4. Fusion-dyed collage over black-and-  white backgrounds are great or invitations and cards. Spread glue mixture over the shiny surace o  collage tips Leverage your artwork. Make color photocopies or scan it to use as collage sheets in other artwork. • Thin, printed tissue papers and napkins work great or usion techniques because they dry transparent. • Let collages dry completely (drying time is 2 hours to overnight) and then peel away rom reezer paper. • 4 “”— The base layer is a collaged background o a dictionary page and enlarged black-and-white photocopies o words, letters, and symbols created in Photoshop then layered with dyed paper towels and accented with joss paper and words written with Crayola Spider Writers. a 12" x 18" piece o reezer paper. Place an 11" x 17" black-and-white photocopy background or collage pieces o various photocopies on top. Coat the top with the glue mixture. Collage a single layer o dyed paper towel until the entire photocopy is covered and then coat this layer with the glue mixture. Seal the top layer o collage with a coat o glossy gel medium. Mixed-Media Art Techniques  presented by  ©iw P LLc note: This collage will not be transparent i the background is completely covered with photocopies. creating black- and - white background papers • Create interesting, bold, blackand-white line art backgrounds by enlarging images and words on a copy machine. 10