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Est Gest Jud Tl 39

Descripción: EST GEST JUD TL 39

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Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. C` deglmg` mg dest`s. C` t`s`diôg lm dest`s. C` iopufg`diôg lm c`s dest`s. Ces igtmrmsms y su ciquil`diôg. C` t`s`  kulidi`c. ^`fes, ^`fe s, lmpôsites lmpôsi tes y degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms. Igfrmses mg mc \msere ^ûhcide. C` @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` [email protected] [email protected]\[email protected] \[email protected] 49 Degstitudiôg Msp`ðec`, lm 86 lm lidimohrm lm 0962, duy` ûctio` oeliaid`diôg sm b` preludile per Xmaero` lmc `rtïduce 04=, lm 86 lm smptimohrm lm 8>00 Cmy 0/8>>>, lm 6 lm mgmre, lm Mgkuidi`oimgte Divic, duy` ûctio` oeliaid`diôg sm b` preludile per Xm`c Lmdrmte-cmy 9/8>06, lm 81 lm o`ye, per mc qum sm tr`gspegmg lirmdtiv`s lm c` ]giôg Murepm` mg ces àohites aig`gdimre, omrd`gtic y s`git`rie, y sehrm mc lmspc`z`oimgte lm tr`h`k`lerms Cmy 0>/8>08, lm 8> lm gevimohrm, per c` qum sm rmfuc`g lmtmroig`l`s t`s`s mg mc àohite lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` y lmc Igstitute G`dieg`c lm \exidecefï` y Dimgdi`s Aermgsms, duy`s ûctio`s oeliaid`diegms sm b`g preludile per Cmy < 8/8>0=, lm = lm edtuhrm, lm rmaero` lm c` Cmy 0/8>>>, lm 6 lm mgmre, lm Mgkuidi`oimgte Divic y per c`s Tmgtmgdi`s lmc ^cmge lmc \rihug`c Degstitudieg`c 886/8>01, lm 88 lidimohrm y <6/8>06, lm 86 lm `hric lm 8>06 Erlmg [email protected]^/8118/8>08, lm 04 lm lidimohrm, per c` qum sm `prumh` mc oelmce 191 lm `uteciquil`diôg, y mc oelmce 19= lm seciditul lm lmvecudiôg, lm c` t`s` per mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c mg ces ôrlmgms divic, degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive y sedi`c, oeliaid`l`  per c` c ` Erlmg Erl mg [email protected]^/210/ [email protected]^/ 210/8>0= 8>0=,, lm 6 lm o`ye o` ye Xm`c Lmdrmte <16/8>>1, lm 80 lm `hric, per mc qum sm rmfuc`g ces lmpôsites y degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms mg omtàcide, lm mamdtes e v`cerms, duy` ûctio` oeliaid`diôg sm b` preludile per Xm`c Lmdrmte 0>00/8>0=, lm 1 lm gevimohrm, per mc qum sm rmfuc` mc  predml  pre dmlioim ioimgte gte p`r p`r`` aero aero`ci `ciz`r z`r mc sis sistmo` tmo` lm deg degsif sifg`d g`diegm iegmss mg smlm mcmdtrôgid` lm c`s d`gtil`lms gmdms`ri`s p`r` teo`r p`rtm mg c`s suh`st`s kulidi`cms y get`ri`cms Cmy 0/0991, lm 0> lm mgmre, lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, duy` ûctio` oeliaid`diôg sm b` preludile per Cmy 8/8>06, lm 80 lm  kugie, lm oelia oeliaid`di id`diôg ôg lm c` Cmy 0/099 0/0991, 1, lm 0> lm mgmre mgmre,, lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` EHKM\IQET T`hmr qué seg c`s dest`s y f`stes predms`cms Mstuli`r dôoe sm preludm c` iopesidiôg, t`s`diôg m iopufg`diôg lm c`s dest`s T`hmr qué igtmrmsms sm lmvmgf`g y dôoe timgm su cuf`r su ciquil`diôg Degedmr mg qué degsistm c` t`s` kulidi`c, ces p`fes, lmpôsites  y degs degsifg` ifg`die diegms gms kuli kulidi`c di`cms, ms, y dôoe sm pred predmlm mlm `c igfr igfrmse mse mg mc \msere ^ûhcide T`hmr dôoe sm `rtiduc` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` p`r` mxioir lmc p`fe lm c`s dest`s y f`stes predms`cms ` c`s pmrseg`s qum `drmlitmg igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` s`tisa`dmrc`s Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` 0. DET\@T Y [email protected]\ET ^[email protected] Teg f`stes lmc predmse teles ces qum timgmg rmc`diôg deg mc oisoe `ugqum mstm `ug ge buhimrm deomgz`le, oàs lmgtre lm mstes, `qumcces qum pumlmg iopegmrsm ` c`s p`rtms qum igtmrvimgmg mg mc predmse seg ces qum sm degedmg deoe dest`s predms`cms. @sï rmsuct` lmc `rtïduce 8<0 lm c` CMD qum mst`hcmdm qum s`cve ce lispumste mg c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, d`l` p`rtm p`f`rà ces f`stes y dest`s lmc predmse d`us`les ` su igst`gdi` ` omlil` qum sm v`y`g preludimgle. Tm degsilmr`ràg f`stes lmc predmse `qumcces lmsmohecses qum tmgf`g su erifmg lirmdte m igomli`te mg c` mxistmgdi` lm lidbe predmse, y dest`s c` p`rtm lm `qumcces qum sm rmaimr`g `c p`fe lm ces sifuimgtms degdmptes; 0.» Beger`ries lm c` lmamgs` y lm c` rmprmsmgt`diôg tédgid` du`gle sm`g prmdmptiv`s. 8.» Igsmrdiôg lm `gugdies e mlidtes qum lm aero` ehcif`l` lmh`g puhcid`rsm mg mc durse lmc predmse. 4.» Lmpôsites gmdms`ries p`r` c` prmsmgt`diôg lm rmdurses. <.» Lmrmdbes lm pmrites y lmoàs `heges qum tmgf`g qum rm`ciz`rsm ` pmrseg`s qum b`y`g igtmrvmgile mg mc predmse. =.» Depi`s, dmrtiaid`diegms, get`s, tmstioegies y leduomgtes `gàcefes qum b`y`g lm secidit`rsm degaerom ` c` Cmy, s`cve ces qum sm rmdc`omg per mc trihug`c ` rmfistres y pretedeces pûhcides, qum smràg fr`tuites. 1.» Lmrmdbes `r`gdmc`ries qum lmh`g `heg`rsm deoe degsmdumgdi` lm `dtu`diegms gmdms`ri`s p`r` mc lms`rrecce lmc predmse. 6.» C` t`s` per mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c, du`gle sm` prmdmptiv`. Ge sm igdcuirà mg c`s dest`s lmc predmse mc iopertm lm c` t`s` `heg`l` mg ces predmses lm mkmdudiôg lm c`s bipetmd`s degstituil`s p`r` c` `lquisidiôg lm vivimgl` b`hitu`c. \`opede sm igdcuirà mg ces lmoàs predmses lm mkmdudiôg lmriv`les lm lidbes prést`oes e drélites bipetmd`ries du`gle sm lirik`g degtr` mc prepie mkmdut`le e degtr` ces `v`cist`s. Ces tituc`rms lm drélites lmriv`les lm `dtu`diegms predms`cms pelràg rmdc`o`rces lm c` p`rtm e p`rtms qum lmh`g s`tisa`dmrces sig mspmr`r ` qum mc predmse aig`cidm y deg iglmpmglmgdi` lmc mvmgtu`c pregugdi`oimgte sehrm dest`s qum mg mstm rmd`if`. Aig`comgtm lmgtre lm ces f`stes lmc predmse lmhmràg igdcuirsm c`s t`s`s kulidi`cms igtreludil`s per Cmy =4/8>>8 lm 4> lm lidimohrm y ` c`s qum ges rmamrirmoes mg etre mpïfr`am. 8. [email protected] [email protected] MG DET\@T Xmfuc`l`s mg mc D`pïtuce QIII lmc \ïtuce I lmc Cihre II lm CMD, sm lidm qum mc réfiomg lm deglmg` mg dest`s `defile per c` CMD ms mc lmc –vmgdioimgte‟, lm sumrtm qum b` lm sepert`rc`s mc qum b` sile vmgdile mg kuidie: oàs c` prepi` CMD mst`hcmdm oûctipcms mxdmpdiegms y o`tiz`diegms. 8.0 Xmfc` fmgmr`c; Deglmg` mg c`s dest`s lm c` priomr` igst`gdi` Mc `rtïduce 49<.0 CMD mst`hcmdm qum mg ces predmses lmdc`r`tives, c`s dest`s lm c` 0ª igst`gdi` sm iopeglràg ` c` p`rtm qum b`y` viste rmdb`z`l`s tel`s sus prmtmgsiegms, s`cve qum mc trihug`c `prmdim, y `sï ce r`zegm, qum mc d`se prmsmgt`h` smri`s lul`s lm bmdbe e lm lmrmdbe. ^`r` `prmdi`r, ` mamdtes lm deglmg` mg dest`s, qum mc d`se mr` kurïlid`omgtm lulese sm tmglrà mg dumgt` c` kurisprulmgdi` rmd`ïl` mg d`ses sioic`rms. mliteri`c    }         dmp 12= ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 Ti aumrm p`rdi`c c` mstio`diôg e lmsmstio`diôg lm c`s prmtmgsiegms, d`l` p`rtm `heg`rà c`s dest`s d`us`l`s ` su igst`gdi` y c`s deougms per oit`l, ` ge smr qum buhimrm oérites p`r` iopegmrc`s ` ug` lm mcc`s per b`hmr citif`le deg tmomril`l. Du`gle, sm iopusimrmg c`s dest`s `c citif`gtm vmgdile, mstm sece mst`rà ehcif`le ` p`f`r, lm c` p`rtm qum derrmspegl` ` ces `hef`les y lmoàs preamsieg`cms qum ge mstég sukmtes ` t`ria` e `r`gdmc, ug` d`gtil`l tet`c qum ge mxdml` lm 0/4 lm c` du`gtï` lmc predmse, per d`l` uge lm ces citif`gtms qum buhimrmg ehtmgile t`c pregugdi`oimgte. @ mstes seces mamdtes, c`s prmtmgsiegms igmstio`hcms sm v`cer`ràg mg 02.>>> mures, s`cve qum, mg r`zôg lm c` deopcmkil`l lmc `sugte, mc trihug`c lispegf` etr` des`. Ge sm `pcid`rà ce lispumste mg mc pàrr`ae `gtmrier du`gle mc trihug`c lmdc`rm c` tmomril`l lmc citif`gtm deglmg`le mg dest`s. Du`gle mc deglmg`le mg dest`s sm` tituc`r lmc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, mstm ûgid`omgtm mst`rà ehcif`le ` p`f`r c`s dest`s d`us`l`s mg lmamgs` lm c` p`rtm degtr`ri` mg ces d`ses mxprms`omgtm smð`c`les mg c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`. Mg gigfûg d`se sm iopeglràg c`s dest`s `c Oigistmrie Aisd`c mg ces predmses mg qum igtmrvmgf` deoe p`rtm. 8.8 Xmfc`s mspmdi`cms @. @cc`g`oimgte Ti mc lmo`gl`le sm `cc`g`rm ` c` lmo`gl` `gtms lm degtmst`rc`, ge predmlmrà c` iopesidiôg lm dest`s s`cve qum mc trihug`c, r`zegàglece lmhil`omgtm, `prmdim o`c` am mg mc lmo`gl`le. Tm mgtmglmrà qum, mg tele d`se, mxistm o`c` am, si `gtms lm prmsmgt`l` c` lmo`gl` sm buhimsm aerouc`le `c lmo`gl`le rmqumrioimgte amb`dimgtm y kustiaid`le lm p`fe, e si sm buhimr` igidi`le predmlioimgte lm omli`diôg e lirifile degtr` éc seciditul lm degdici`diôg. Ti mc `cc`g`oimgte sm prelukmrm tr`s c` degtmst`diôg ` c` lmo`gl`, sm `pcid`rà c` rmfc` fmgmr`c. H. Lmsistioimgte Ti mc predmse tmroig`r` per lmsistioimgte lmc `dter, qum ge b`y` lm smr degsmgtile per mc lmo`gl`le, `qumc smrà deglmg`le ` tel`s c`s dest`s. Ti mc lmsistioimgte qum pusimrm aig `c predmse aumrm degsmgtile per mc l mo`gl`le e lmo`gl`les, ge sm deglmg`rà mg dest`s ` gigfuge lm ces citif`gtms. D. T`tisa`ddiôg mxtr`predms`c mxtr`predms`c lm c`s prmtmgsiegms y d`ludil`l lm c` igst`gdi` Ge b`hrà delmg` mg dest`s. L. @pmc`diôg mg o`tmri` o`tmri` lm dest`s Ce lispumste mg c` CMD p`r` c` deglmg` mg dest`s lm c` priomr` igst`gdi`, smrà lm `pcid`diôg p`r` rmsecvmr mg smfugl` igst`gdi` mc rmdurse lm `pmc`diôg mg qum sm iopufgm c` deglmg` e c` a`ct` lm deglmg` mg c`s dest`s lm c` priomr` igst`gdi`. 121   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` M. Dest`s mg mg `pmc`diôg, rmdurse mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg igar`ddiôg predms`c predms`c y d`s`diôg Du`gle sm`g lmsmstio`l`s tel`s c`s prmtmgsiegms lm ug rmdurse lm `pmc`diôg, mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c e d`s`diôg, sm `pcid`rà ce lispumste p`r` c` deglmg` mg dest`s lm c` priomr` igst`gdi`. Mg d`se lm mstio`diôg tet`c e p`rdi`c lm ug rmdurse lm `pmc`diôg, mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c e d`s`diôg, ge sm deglmg`rà mg c`s dest`s lm lidbe rmdurse ` gigfuge lm ces citif`gtms. A. Dest`s y f`stes f`stes lmc predmse lm mkmdudiôg Mc `rtïduce =49.8 CMD lispegm qum mg c`s `dtu`diegms lmc predmse lm mkmdudiôg p`r` c`s qum mst` Cmy prmvm` mxprms`omgtm pregugdi`oimgte sehrm dest`s, c`s p`rtms lmhmràg s`tisa`dmr ces f`stes y dest`s qum cms derrmspegl`g degaerom ` ce prmviste mg mc `rt. 8<0 lm mst` Cmy, sig pmrkuidie lm ces rmmohecses qum predml`g tr`s c` lmdisiôg lmc \rihug`c e, mg su d`se, lmc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` sehrm c`s dest`s. C`s dest`s lmc predmse lm mkmdudiôg ge deoprmglil`s mg mc pàrr`ae `gtmrier smràg ` d`rfe lmc mkmdut`le sig gmdmsil`l lm mxprms` iopesidiôg, pmre, b`st` su ciquil`diôg, mc mkmdut`gtm lmhmrà s`tisa`dmr ces f`stes y dest`s qum sm v`y`g preludimgle, s`cve ces qum derrmspegl`g ` `dtu`diegms qum sm rm`cidmg ` igst`gdi` lmc mkmdut`le e lm etres sukmtes, qum lmhmràg smr p`f`les per quimg b`y` secidit`le c` `dtu`diôg lm qum sm tr`tm. Mc `rtïduce =10.8 CMD mst`hcmdm qum si sm mstio`r` c` epesidiôg ` c` mkmdudiôg, sm lmk`rà mst` sig mamdte y sm o`gl`rà `cz`r ces moh`rfes y c`s omlil`s lm f`r`gtï` lm c` `amddiôg qum sm buhimrmg `lept`le, rmigtmfràglesm `c mkmdut`le ` c` situ`diôg `gtmrier `c lmsp`dbe lm c` mkmdudiôg. \`ohiég sm deglmg`rà `c mkmdut`gtm ` p`f`r c`s dest`s lm c` epesidiôg. F. Dest`s mg predmlioimgte predmlioimgte lm rmsdisiôg rmsdisiôg lm smgtmgdi`s airoms airoms Tmfûg mc `rtïduce =>1 CMD, du`gle sm lmdc`rm ge b`hmr cuf`r ` c` rmsdisiôg secidit`l` per mc citif`gtm deglmg`le mg rmhmclï`, sm iopeglràg ` mstm tel`s c`s dest`s lmc predmlioimgte. Ti sm lidt`rm smgtmgdi` mstio`gle predmlmgtm c` rmsdisiôg, ge sm iopeglràg c`s dest`s ` gigfuge lm ces citif`gtms, s`cve qum mc trihug`c `prmdim tmomril`l mg `cfuge lm mcces. B. Dest`s lm c`s tmrdmrï`s `. \mrdmrï` lm leoigie Mc `ute qum lmdil` c` tmrdmrï` sm pregugdi`rà sehrm c`s dest`s. @ ces lmo`gl`les qum ge degtmstmg ge sm cms iopeglràg c`s dest`s, s`cve qum mc trihug`c, r`zegàglece lmhil`omgtm, `prmdim o`c` am mg su `dtu`diôg predms`c. h. \mrdmrï` lm omker lmrmdbe Ti c` smgtmgdi` lmsmstio`r` c` tmrdmrï`, deglmg`rà mg tel`s c`s dest`s lm mst` `c tmrdmrist`. Du`gle c` mstio`rm, c`s iopeglrà `c mkmdut`gtm qum buhimr` degtmst`le ` c` lmo`gl` y, si mc mkmdut`le buhimrm igtmrvmgile, epegiéglesm t`ohiég ` c` tmrdmrï`, c`s iopeglrà ` mstm, per oit`l deg mc mkmdut`gtm, s`cve du`gle, per b`hmrsm `cc`g`le mc mkmdut`gtm, c` tmrdmrï` sm buhimr` sust`gdi`le sece deg mc mkmdut`le, mg duye d`se c`s dest`s sm iopeglràg ` mstm mg su tet`cil`l. Timoprm qum c` smgtmgdi` mstio`sm c` tmrdmrï` lm omker lmrmdbe, ge sm mgtrmf`rà `c tmrdmrist` d`gtil`l `cfug` predmlmgtm lm c` mkmdudiôg, oimgtr`s ge sm b`y` s`tisamdbe `c mkmdut`gtm c`s trms quigt`s p`rtms lm c`s dest`s d`us`l`s mg mst` b`st` mc oeomgte mg qum rmd`if` `qumcc` smgtmgdi`. mliteri`c    }         dmp 126 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 4. Xmdumrlm C` Cmy 0/8>>>, lm 6 lm mgmre, per c` qum sm `prumh` c` Cmy lm Mgkuidi`oimgte Divic rmfuc` mg su Cihre I, \ïtuce QII, c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s, `ugqum ` ce c`rfe lm su `rtiduc`le mxistmg rmamrmgdi`s ` c`s dest`s mg mc predmse [email protected] \@[email protected]ÔG LM DET\@T C` rmfuc`diôg rmc`tiv` ` c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s sm mgdumgtr` mg ces `rtïduces 8<0 ` 8<1 CMD. C` t`s`diôg lm dest`s supegm aik`r mc iopertm mx`dte lm c` deglmg`, ms lmdir, c` d`gtil`l qum lmhm s`tisa`dmr c` p`rtm deglmg`l` mg dest`s. T`cve ce lispumste mg c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, d`l` p`rtm p`f`rà ces f`stes y dest`s lmc predmse d`us`les ` su igst`gdi` ` omlil` qum sm v`y`g preludimgle (`rt. 8<0.0 CMD). Lm sumrtm qum tmroig`le mc predmse, si b` b`hile deglmg` mg dest`s, mc deglmg`le b` lm rmohecs`r ` c` etr` p`rtm c`s dest`s s`tisamdb`s per mcc`. Ti ge ce b`dm vecugt`ri`omgtm, c` p`rtm vmgdmler` pumlm uticiz`r mc predmlioimgte rmfuc`le per c` CMD p`r` c` mx`ddiôg lm c`s dest`s per mc predmlioimgte lm `prmoie, prmvi` su t`s`diôg per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` y su `preh`diôg per mc kumz e trihug`c. 4.0 Teciditul lm t`s`diôg lm dest`s Du`gle buhimrm deglmg` mg dest`s, cumfe qum sm` airom, sm predmlmrà ` c` mx`ddiôg lm c`s oiso`s per mc predmlioimgte lm `prmoie, prmvi` su t`s`diôg, si c` p`rtm deglmg`l` ge c`s buhimrm s`tisamdbe `gtms lm qum c` degtr`ri` seciditm lidb` t`s`diôg. C` p`rtm qum pil` c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s prmsmgt`rà deg c` seciditul ces kustiaid`gtms lm b`hmr s`tisamdbe c`s d`gtil`lms duye rmmohecse rmdc`om. ]g` vmz airom c` rmsecudiôg mg qum sm buhimsm iopumste c` deglmg` mg dest`s, ces predur`lerms, `hef`les, pmrites y lmoàs pmrseg`s qum b`y`g igtmrvmgile mg mc kuidie y qum tmgf`g `cfûg drélite degtr` c`s p`rtms qum lmh` smr igdcuile mg c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s pelràg prmsmgt`r `gtm c` Eaidig` kulidi`c oigut` lmt`cc`l` lm sus lmrmdbes u beger`ries y dumgt` lmt`cc`l` y kustiaid`l` lm ces f`stes qum buhimrmg supcile. Tm rmfuc`ràg deg sukmdiôg ` ces `r`gdmcms ces lmrmdbes qum derrmspegl`g ` ces augdieg`ries, predur`lerms y preamsieg`cms qum ` mcces mstég sukmtes. Ces `hef`les, pmrites y lmoàs preamsieg`cms y augdieg`ries qum ge mstég sukmtes ` `r`gdmc aik`ràg sus beger`ries deg sukmdiôg, mg su d`se, ` c`s gero`s rmfuc`ler`s lm su mst`tute preamsieg`c. 4.8 ^ràdtid` lm c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s Mg tele tipe lm predmses m igst`gdi`s, c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s sm pr`dtid`rà per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` lmc 122   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` \rihug`c qum buhimr` degedile lmc predmse e rmdurse, r mdurse, rmspmdtiv`omgtm, e, mg su d`se, per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` mgd`rf`le lm l m c` mkmdudiôg. Ge sm igdcuiràg mg c` t`s`diôg ces lmrmdbes derrmspeglimgtms ` msdrites y `dtu`diegms qum sm`g igûticms, supmracu`s e ge `uteriz`l`s per c` cmy, gi c`s p`rtil`s lm c`s oigut`s qum ge sm mxprmsmg lmt`cc`l`omgtm e qum sm rmaimr`g ` beger`ries qum ge sm b`y`g lmvmgf`le mg mc pcmite. \`opede smràg igdcuiles mg c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s ces lmrmdbes lm ces predur`lerms lmvmgf`les per c` rm`ciz`diôg lm ces `dtes predms`cms lm deougid`diôg, deepmr`diôg y `uxicie ` c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, `sï deoe lm c`s lmoàs `dtu`diegms omr`omgtm a`duct`tiv`s qum buhimr`g pelile smr pr`dtid`l`s, mg etre d`se, per c`s Eaidig`s kulidi`cms. Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmludirà mc iopertm lm ces beger`ries lm ces `hef`les y lmoàs preamsieg`cms qum ge mstég sukmtes ` t`ria` e `r`gdmc, du`gle ces rmdc`o`les mxdml`g lmc cïoitm ` qum sm rmaimrm mc `p`rt`le 4 lmc `rtïduce 49< (c` tmrdmr` p`rtm lm c` du`gtï` lmc predmse) y ge sm buhimsm lmdc`r`le c` tmomril`l lmc citif`gtm deglmg`le mg dest`s. Mg c`s t`s`diegms lm dest`s, ces beger`ries lm `hef`le y lmrmdbes lm predur`ler igdcuiràg mc Iopumste sehrm mc Q`cer @ð`lile lm degaeroil`l deg ce lispumste mg c` cmy qum ce rmfuc`. Ge sm deoput`rà mc iopertm lm lidbe iopumste ` ces mamdtes lmc `p`rt`le 4 lmc `rtïduce 49<: (ms lmdir, ` mamdtes lm lmtmroig`r c` d`gtil`l oàxio` mg degdmpte lm dest`s). \`opede sm igdcuiràg c`s dest`s lm `dtu`diegms e igdilmgtms mg qum buhimsm sile deglmg`l` mxprms`omgtm c` p`rtm a`vermdil` per mc pregugdi`oimgte sehrm dest`s mg mc `sugte prigdip`c. 4.4 \r`sc`le ` c`s p`rtms. @preh`diôg ^r`dtid`l` per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s sm l`rà tr`sc`le lm mcc` ` c`s p`rtms per pc`ze deoûg lm limz lï`s. ]g` vmz `derl`le mc tr`sc`le ge sm `loitirà c` igdcusiôg e `lidiôg lm p`rtil` `cfug`, rmsmrv`gle `c igtmrms`le su lmrmdbe p`r` rmdc`o`rc` lm quimg y deoe derrmspegl`. \r`gsdurrile mc pc`ze lm limz lï`s sig b`hmr sile iopufg`l` c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s pr`dtid`l`, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` c` `preh`rà omli`gtm lmdrmte. Degtr` mst` rmsecudiôg d`hm rmdurse lirmdte lm rmvisiôg, y degtr` mc `ute rmsecvimgle mc rmdurse lm rmvisiôg ge d`hm rmdurse `cfuge. 4.< Mx`ddiôg @preh`l` c` t`s`diôg, sm predmlmrà ` c` mx`ddiôg per mc predmlioimgte lm `prmoie lmc D`p. IQ, \ïtuce IQ lmc Cihre III lm c` CMD, duye mstulie derrmspeglm ` etre tmo` lmc prefr`o` ` prepôsite lm c` mkmdudiôg ligmr`ri`. <. [email protected] IO^][email protected]ÔG LM [email protected] DET\@T <.0 Oetives lm iopufg`diôg C` t`s`diôg lm dest`s pelrà smr iopufg`l` lmgtre lmc pc`ze lm limz lï`s. C` iopufg`diôg pelrà h`s`rsm mg qum sm b`g igdcuile mg c` t`s`diôg, p`rtil`s, lmrmdbes e f`stes iglm hiles. ^mre, mg du`gte ` ces beger`ries lm ces `hef`les, pmrites e preamsieg`cms ge sukmtes ` `r`gdmc, t`ohiég pelrà iopufg`rsm c` t`s`diôg `cmf`gle qum mc iopertm lm lidbes beger`ries ms mxdmsive. C` p`rtm a`vermdil` per c` deglmg` mg dest`s pelrà iopufg`r c` t`s`diôg per ge b`hmrsm igdcuile mg `qumcc` f`stes lmhil`omgtm kustiaid`les y rmdc`o`les. mliteri`c    }         dmp 129 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 \`ohiég pelrà augl`r su rmdc`o`diôg mg ge b`hmrsm igdcuile c` tet`cil`l lm c` oigut` lm beger`ries lm su `hef`le, e lm pmrite, preamsieg`c e augdieg`rie ge sukmte ` `r`gdmc qum buhimsm `dtu`le mg mc predmse ` su igst`gdi`, e mg ge b`hmr sile igdcuiles derrmdt`omgtm ces lmrmdbes lm su predur`ler. Mg mc msdrite lm iopufg`diôg b`hràg lm omgdieg`rsm c`s dumgt`s e oigut`s y c`s p`rtil`s degdrmt`s ` qum sm rmaimr` c` lisdrmp`gdi` y c`s r`zegms lm mst`. Lm ge mamdtu`rsm lidb` omgdiôg, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, omli`gtm lmdrmte, ig`loitirà c` iopufg`diôg ` tràoitm. Armgtm ` lidbe lmdrmte d`hrà igtmrpegmr ûgid`omgtm rmdurse lm rmpesidiôg. <.8 \r`oit`diôg y lmdisiôg lm c` iopufg`diôg (`rt. 8<1 CMD) @. Beger`ries mxdmsives Ti c` t`s`diôg sm iopufg`r` per degsilmr`r mxdmsives ces beger`ries lm ces @hef`les, sm eirà mg mc pc`ze lm = lï`s `c @hef`le lm qum sm tr`tm y, si ge `dmpt`r` c` rmluddiôg lm beger`ries qum sm cm rmdc`om, sm p`s`rà tmstioegie lm ces `utes, e lm c` p`rtm lm mcces qum rmsuctm gmdms`ri`, `c Decmfie lm @hef`les p`r` qum moit` igaerom. Ce `gtmrier sm `pcid`rà ifu`comgtm rmspmdte lm c` iopufg`diôg lm beger`ries lm pmrites, piliéglesm mg mstm d`se mc lidt`omg lmc Decmfie, @sedi`diôg e Derper`diôg preamsieg`c ` qum pmrtmgmzd`g. Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, ` c` vist` lm ce `dtu`le y lm ces lidtàomgms moitiles, lidt`rà lmdrmte o`gtmgimgle c` t`s`diôg rm`ciz`l` e, mg su d`se, igtreludirà c`s oeliaid`diegms qum mstiom epertug`s. - Ti c` iopufg`diôg aumrm tet`comgtm lmsmstio`l`, sm iopeglràg c`s dest`s lmc igdilmgtm `c iopufg`gtm. - Ti aumrm aumrm tet`c e p`rdi`comgtm p`rdi`comgtm mstio`l`, mstio`l`, sm iopeglràg `c `hef`le e `c pmrite duyes beger`ries sm buhimr`g degsilmr`le mxdmsives. Iopert`gtm Degtr` mc `ute rmsecvimgle mc rmdurse lm rmvisiôg ge d`hm rmdurse `cfuge. Degtr` lidbe lmdrmte d`hm rmdurse lm rmvisiôg. H. ^`rtil`s u beger`ries iglmhiles Du`gle sm` iopufg`l` c` t`s`diôg per b`hmrsm igdcuile mg mcc` p`rtil`s lm lmrmdbes u beger`ries iglmhil`s, e per ge b`hmrsm igdcuile mg `qumcc` f`stes lmhil`omgtm kustiaid`les y rmdc`o`les, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` l`rà tr`sc`le ` c` etr` p`rtm per 4 lï`s p`r` qum sm pregugdim sehrm c` igdcusiôg e mxdcusiôg lm c`s p`rtil`s rmdc`o`l`s. 19>   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmsecvmrà mg ces 4 lï`s sifuimgtms omli`gtm lmdrmte. Armgtm ` mst` rmsecudiôg pelrà smr igtmrpumste rmdurse lirmdte lm rmvisiôg y degtr` mc `ute rmsecvimgle mc rmdurse lm rmvisiôg ge d`hm rmdurse `cfuge. D. Iopufg`diôg lm dest`s per iglmhil`s y mxdmsiv`s Du`gle sm `cmfum qum `cfug` p`rtil` lm beger`ries lm @hef`les e pmrites igdcuil` mg c` t`s`diôg lm dest`s ms iglmhil` y qum, mg d`se lm ge smrce, smrï` mxdmsiv`, sm tr`oit`ràg `oh`s iopufg`diegms siouctàgm`omgtm, deg `rrmfce ` ce prmvmgile p`r` d`l` ug` lm mcc`s mg ces supumstes `gtmrierms, pmre c` rmsecudiôg sehrm si ces beger`ries seg mxdmsives quml`rà mg suspmgse b`st` qum sm lmdil` sehrm si c` p`rtil` iopufg`l` ms e ge lmhil`. Du`gle ug` lm c`s p`rtms sm` tituc`r lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, ge sm lisdutirà gi sm rmsecvmrà mg mc igdilmgtm lm t`s`diôg lm dest`s dumstiôg `cfug` rmc`tiv` ` c` ehcif`diôg lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm `suoir mc p`fe lm c`s d`gtil`lms qum sm cm rmdc`o`g per `pcid`diôg lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi`  Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`. DET\@T ^[email protected] Degdmpte @qumcces f`stes lmc predmse qum sm rmaimr`g `; Beger`ries lm lmamgs` y rmprmsmgt`diôg Lmpôsites, depi`s, dmrtiaid`diegms, get`s y tmstioegies Igsmrdiôg `gugdies y mlidtes Lmrmdbes lm pmrites y lmoàs `heges ` pmrseg`s \`s`diôg D`gtil`l qum lmhm s`tisa`dmr c` p`rtm deglmg`l` mg dest`s Teciditul Ti c` p`rtm ge p`f` ug` vmz qum c` deglmg` deglmg` sm` airom sm predmlmrà ` c` mx`ddiôg per mc predmlioimgte lm `prmoie prmvie su t`s`diôg Lmhm prmsmgt`r ces kustiaid`gtms lm b`hmr s`tisamdbe c`s d`gtil`lms duye rmmohecse rmdc`om ^ràdtid` lm c` t`s`diôg ^er mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` \r`sc`le ` c`s p`rtms ^er pc`ze deoûg lm 0> lï`s Iopufg`diôg Lmgtre lmc pc`ze lmc tr`sc`le ` c`s p`rtms. ^er; Iopufg`diôg lmp`rtil`s, lmp`rtil`s, lmrmdbes e f`stes iglmhiles Iopufg`diôg lm beger`ries per iglmhiles mliteri`c    }         dmp 190 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 =. CET IG\MXMTMT Y T] CIP][email protected]ÔG Ges dmgtr`oes `ber` mg ces igtmrés lmriv`les lm c` oel` predms`c, duy` mkmdudiôg sm `kust`rà ` c`s rmfc`s fmgmr`cms lm c` mkmdudiôg ligmr`ri` (ces igtmrés lmriv`les lm c` lul` sm `g`ciz`g mg ces tmo`s rmamrmgtms ` lidb` mkmdudiôg). =.0 Igtmrmsms lm oer` predms`c Degaerom `c `rtïduce =61 lm c` CMD, lmslm qum aumrm lidt`l` mg 0ª igst`gdi`, tel` smgtmgdi` e rmsecudiôg qum deglmgm `c p`fe lm ug` d`gtil`l lm ligmre cïquil` lmtmroig`rà, mg a`ver lmc `drmmler, mc lmvmgfe lm ug igtmrés `gu`c ifu`c `c lmc igtmrés cmf`c lmc ligmre igdrmomgt`le mg 8 pugtes e mc qum derrmspegl` per p`dte lm c`s p`rtms e per lispesidiôg mspmdi`c lm c` cmy. Mg ces d`ses lm rmved`diôg p`rdi`c, mc trihug`c rmsecvmrà sehrm ces igtmrmsms lm lmoer` predms`c degaerom ` su prulmgtm `rhitrie, r`zegàglece `c mamdte. Ce mst`hcmdile `gtmrieromgtm smrà lm `pcid`diôg ` tele tipe lm rmsecudiegms kulidi`cms lm du`cquimr erlmg kurisliddieg`c, ces c`ules `rhitr`cms y ces `dumrles lm omli`diôg qum iopegf`g mc p`fe lm d`gtil`l cïquil`, s`cve c`s mspmdi`cil`lms cmf`comgtm prmvist`s p`r` c`s B`dimgl`s ^ûhcid`s. =.8 Ciquil`diôg Deoe `v`gz`oes c` ciquil`diôg sm `kust`rà ` c`s rmfc`s fmgmr`cms lm c` mkmdudiôg lm lmul` ligmr`ri`. @ t`c mamdte ges rmomtioes `c tmo` derrmspeglimgtm lmc prefr`o`, pmre tmgimgle mg dumgt` ce lispumste mg mc `rtïduce =6= lm c` CMD, lm `dumrle deg mc du`c, c` mkmdudiôg sm lmsp`db`rà per c` d`gtil`l qum sm rmdc`om mg c` lmo`gl` mkmdutiv` mg degdmpte lm prigdip`c m igtmrmsms erlig`ries y oer`teries vmgdiles, igdrmomgt`l` per c` qum sm prmvm` p`r` b`dmr armgtm ` ces igtmrmsms qum, mg su d`se, puml`g lmvmgf`rsm lur`gtm c` mkmdudiôg y ` c`s dest`s lm mst`. C` d`gtil`l prmvist` p`r` mstes les degdmptes, qum sm aik`rà previsieg`comgtm, ge pelrà supmr`r mc 4>% lm c` qum sm rmdc`om mg c` lmo`gl` mkmdutiv`, sig pmrkuidie lm c` pestmrier ciquil`diôg. Mxdmpdieg`comgtm, si mc mkmdut`gtm kustiaid` qum, `tmglimgle ` c` prmvisihcm lur`diôg lm c` mkmdudiôg y `c tipe lm igtmrés `pcid`hcm, ces igtmrmsms qum puml`g lmvmgf`rsm lur`gtm c` mkmdudiôg oàs c`s dest`s lm mst` supmr`r`g mc cïoitm aik`le mg mc pàrr`ae `gtmrier, c` d`gtil`l qum previsieg`comgtm sm aikm p`r` lidbes degdmptes pelrà mxdmlmr lmc cïoitm iglid`le. Tig pmrkuidie lm c` pcuspmtidiôg qum puml` `cmf`r mc mkmdut`le, mc trihug`c ge pelrà lmgmf`r mc lmsp`dbe lm c` mkmdudiôg perqum mgtimgl` qum c` d`gtil`l lmhil` ms listigt` lm c` aik`l` per mc mkmdut`gtm mg c` lmo`gl` mkmdutiv`. Tig moh`rfe, ge sm lmsp`db`rà mkmdudiôg si, mg su d`se, c` lmo`gl` mkmdutiv` ge mxprms`sm ces dàcduces `gtmrierms e ` mcc` ge sm `deop`ð`smg ces leduomgtes qum mstes prmdmptes mxifmg. 1. [email protected] \@[email protected] K][email protected] 1.0 Igtreluddiôg; Xmfuc`diôg Mc `rtïduce 4= lm c` Cmy =4/8>>8, lm 4> lm lidimohrm, lm Omlil`s Aisd`cms, @loigistr`tiv`s y lmc Erlmg Tedi`c, igtreluke mg gumstre erlmg`oimgte kurïlide ug` gumv` t`s`, qum timgm per ehkmte fr`v`r c` uticiz`diôg, per p`rtm lm lmtmroig`l`s mgtil`lms, lmc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c mg ces ôrlmgms  kurisliddieg`cms divic y degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive. Mc gûomre 00 lm mstm `rtïduce mst`hcmdï` qum c` t`s`  kulidi`c mgtr`rï` mg vifer mc 0 lm `hric lm 8>>4. 198   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` ^estmrieromgtm lidbe `rtïduce 4= aum lmref`le per c` Cmy 0>/8>08, lm 8> lm gevimohrm qum rmfuc` mc réfiomg vifmgtm lm t`s`s kulidi`cms mg su \ït. I. –\`s` per mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l  kurisliddieg`c mg ces ôrlmgms divic, degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive y sedi`c‟, mc duàc aum oeliaid`le per mc `rtïduce 00 lmc Xm`c Lmdrmte-cmy 0/8>0=, lm 86 lm amhrmre, lm omd`gisoe lm smfugl` epertugil`l, rmluddiôg lm d`rf` aig`gdimr` y etr`s omlil`s lm erlmg sedi`c, p`r` igtreludir c` mxmgdiôg lmc p`fe lm c` t`s` per p`rtm lm c`s pmrseg`s aïsid`s. Aig`comgtm c` vifmgtm Erlmg [email protected]^/8118/8>08, lm 04 lm lidimo hrm, per c` qum sm `prumh` mc oelmce oe lmce 191 lm `uteciquil`diôg, y mc oelmce 19= lm seciditul lm lmvecudiôg, lm c` t`s` per mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c mg ces ôrlmgms divic, degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive y sedi`c, b` sile oeliaid`l` per c` Erlmg [email protected]^/210/8>0=, lm 6 lm o`ye. 1.8 \ïtuce I lm c` Cmy 0>/8>08, lm 8> lm lm gevimohrm; –\`s` per mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c mg ces ôrlmgms divic, degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive y sedi`c‟ @. Àohite lm `pcid`diôg C` t`s` per mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c mg ces ôrlmgms divic, degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive y sedi`c timgm d`ràdtmr mst`t`c y smrà mxifihcm per ifu`c mg tele mc tmrriterie g`dieg`c mg ces supumstes prmvistes mg mst` Cmy, sig pmrkuidie lm c`s t`s`s y lmoàs trihutes qum puml`g mxifir c`s Deougil`lms @utôgeo`s mg mc mkmrdidie lm sus rmspmdtiv`s deopmtmgdi`s aig`gdimr`s, ces du`cms ge pelràg fr`v`r ces oisoes bmdbes iopegihcms. H. Bmdbe iopegihcm lm c` t`s` Degstituym mc bmdbe iopegihcm lm c` t`s` mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c erifig`l` per mc mkmrdidie lm ces sifuimgtms `dtes predms`cms; `) C` igtmrpesidiôg lm c` lmo`gl` mg tel` dc`sm lm predmses lmdc`r`tives y lm mkmdudiôg lm tïtuces mkmdutives mxtr`kulidi`cms mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c divic, c` aerouc`diôg lm rmdegvmgdiôg y c` pmtidiôg igidi`c lmc predmse oegiterie y lmc predmse oegiterie murepme. @tmgdiôg Mc bmdbe iopegihcm lm c` t`s` per mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l  kurisliddieg`cc ms `pcid`hcm  kurisliddieg` `pcid`hcm ` ces ôrlmgms kurisliddieg`cms divic, degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive y sedi`c  h) C` seciditul lm degdurse gmdms`rie y c` lmo`gl` igdilmgt`c mg predmses degdurs`cms. d) C` igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive. l) C` igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c mg mc àohite divic. mliteri`c    }         dmp 194 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 m) C` igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurses rmdurses lm `pmc`diôg degtr` smgtmgdi`s smgtmgdi`s y lm d`s`diôg mg mc erlmg divic y degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive. a) C` igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurses lm supcid`diôg y lm d`s`diôg mg mc erlmg sedi`c. f) C` epesidiôg ` c` mkmdudiôg lm tïtuces kulidi`cms. D. Tukmte p`sive lm c` t`s` Ms sukmte p`sive lm c` t`s` quimg preoumv` mc mkmrdidie lm c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c y rm`cidm mc bmdbe iopegihcm lm c` oiso`. Tukmtes p`sives @ mstes mamdtes, sm mgtmglmrà qum sm rm`ciz` ug ûgide bmdbe iopegihcm du`gle mg mc msdrite mkmrdit`gle mc `dte predms`c qum degstituym mc bmdbe iopegihcm sm `duoucmg v`ri`s `ddiegms prigdip`cms, qum ge prevmgf`g lm ug oisoe tïtuce. Mg mstm d`se, p`r` mc dàcduce lmc iopertm lm c` t`s` sm suo`ràg c`s du`gtï`s lm d`l` ug` lm c`s `ddiegms ehkmte lm `duouc`diôg. Mc p`fe lm c` t`s` pelrà rm`ciz`rsm per c` rmprmsmgt`diôg predms`c e `hef`le mg geohrm y per dumgt` lmc sukmte p`sive, mg mspmdi`c du`gle mstm ge rmsil` mg Msp`ð` y sig qum sm` gmdms`rie qum mc oisoe sm prevm` lm ug gûomre lm ilmgtiaid`diôg aisd`c deg d`ràdtmr prmvie ` c` `uteciquil`diôg. Mc predur`ler e mc `hef`le ge tmglràg rmspegs`hicil`l trihut`ri` per r`zôg lm lidbe p`fe. L. Mxmgdiegms lm c` t`s` `. Ehkmtiv`s C`s mxmgdiegms ehkmtiv`s lm c` t`s` mstàg degstituil`s per; `) C` igtmrpesidiôg lm lmo`gl` y c` prmsmgt`diôg lm uctmrierms rmdurses du`gle sm tr`tm lm ces predmlioimgtes mspmdi`comgtm mst`hcmdiles p`r` c` pretmddiôg lm ces lmrmdbes augl`omgt`cms y cihmrt`lms pûhcid`s, `sï deoe degtr` c` `dtu`diôg lm c` @loigistr`diôg mcmdter`c.  h) C` seciditul lm degdurse vecugt`rie per mc lmuler. lmuler. d) C` prmsmgt`diôg lm pmtidiôg igidi`c lmc predmlioimgte oegiterie y c` lmo`gl` lm kuidie vmrh`c mg rmdc`o`diôg lm d`gtil`l du`gle c` du`gtï` lm c`s oiso`s ge supmrm 8.>>> mures. Ge sm `pcid`rà mst` mxmgdiôg du`gle mg mstes predmlioimgtes c` prmtmgsiôg mkmrdit`l` sm auglm mg ug leduomgte qum tmgf` mc d`ràdtmr lm tïtuce mkmdutive mxtr`kulidi`c lm degaeroil`l deg ce lispumste mg mc `rtïduce =06 lm c` Cmy 0/8>>>, lm 6 lm mgmre, lm Mgkuidi`oimgte M gkuidi`oimgte Divic. l) C` igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurses degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tives du`gle sm rmdurr` mg d`ses lm sicmgdie `loigistr`tive gmf`tive e ig`dtivil`l lm c` @loigistr`diôg. 19<   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` m) C` igtmrpesidiôg lm c` lmo`gl` lm mkmdudiôg lm c`ules lidt`les per c`s Kugt`s @rhitr`cms lm Degsuoe. a) C`s `ddiegms qum, mg mg igtmrés lm c` o`s` lmc degdurse y prmvi` `uteriz`diôg lmc Kumz lm ce Omrd`gtic, sm igtmrpegf`g per ces `loigistr`lerms degdurs`cms. f) Ces predmlioimgtes lm livisiôg kulidi`c lm p`trioegies, s`cve mg ces supumstes mg qum sm aeroucm epesidiôg e sm susditm degtrevmrsi` sehrm c` igdcusiôg e mxdcusiôg lm himgms, lmvmgf`gle c` t`s` per mc kuidie vmrh`c y per c` du`gtï` qum sm lisdut` e c` lmriv`l` lm c` iopufg`diôg lmc du`lmrge p`rtidieg`c ` d`rfe lmc epesiter, y si `ohes sm epusimrmg ` d`rfe lm d`l` uge per su rmspmdtiv` du`gtï`. h. Tuhkmtiv`s Lmslm mc pugte lm vist` suhkmtive, mstàg, mg tele d`se, mxmgtes lm mst` t`s`; `) C`s pmrseg`s aïsid`s.  h) C`s pmrseg`s kurïlid`s ` c`s qum sm cms b`y` rmdegedile mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, `drmlit`gle qum duopcmg ces rmquisites p`r` mcce lm `dumrle deg su gero`tiv` rmfuc`ler`. d) Mc Oigistmrie Aisd`c. l) C` @loigistr`diôg Fmgmr`c lmc Mst`le, c`s lm c`s Deougil`lms @utôgeo`s, c`s Mgtil`lms ced`cms y ces erf`gisoes pûhcides lmpmglimgtms lm tel`s mcc`s. m) C`s Dertms Fmgmr`cms y c`s @s`ohcm`s Cmfisc`tiv`s Cmfisc`tiv`s lm c`s Deougil`lms Deougil`lms @utôgeo`s. M. Lmvmgfe lm c` t`s` `. Mg mc erlmg divic Mc lmvmgfe lm c` t`s` sm preludm, mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c divic, mg ces sifuimgtms oeomgtes predms`cms; `) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc lmc msdrite lm lmo`gl`.  h) Aerouc`diôg lmc msdrite lm rmdegvmgdiôg. d) ^rmsmgt`diôg lm c` pmtidiôg igidi`c lmc predmlioimgte oegiterie y lmc predmse oegiterie murepme. murepme. l) ^rmsmgt`diôg lm c` seciditul lm lmdc`r`diôg lmc degdurse per mc `drmmler y lmoàs cmfitio`les. cmfitio`les. m) ^rmsmgt`diôg lm lmo`gl` igdilmgt`c mg predmses degdurs`cms. a) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse lm `pmc`diôg. f) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c. b) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse lm d`s`diôg. i) Igtmrpesidiôg lm c` epesidiôg ` c` mkmdudiôg mkmdudiôg lm tïtuces kulidi`cms. h. Mg mc erlmg degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive Mg mc erlmg degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive, mc lmvmgfe lm c` t`s` sm preludm mg ces sifuimgtms oeomgtes predms`cms; `) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse degtmgdiese-`loigistr`t ive, `deop`ð`l` e ge lm c` aerouc`diôg lm lmo`gl`.  h) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse lm `pmc`diôg. `pmc`diôg. d) Igtmrpesidiôg lmc lmc rmdurse rmdurse lm d`s`diôg. mliteri`c    }         dmp 19= ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 d. Mg mc erlmg sedi`c Mg mc erlmg sedi`c, mc lmvmgfe lm c` t`s` sm preludm mg mc oeomgte lm c` igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse lm supcid`diôg e lm d`s`diôg. A. H`sm iopegihcm lm c` t`s` C` h`sm iopegihcm lm c` t`s` deigdilm deg c` du`gtï` lmc predmlioimgte kulidi`c e rmdurse, lmtmroig`l` deg `rrmfce ` c`s gero`s predms`cms. Ces predmlioimgtes lm du`gtï` iglmtmroig`l` e `qumcces mg ces qum rmsuctm iopesihcm su lmtmroig`diôg lm `dumrle deg c`s gero`s lm CMD, 02.>>> mures lm du`gtï` ` ces seces mamdtes lm mst`hcmdmr c` h`sm iopegihcm lm mst` t`s`. Mg ces supumstes lm `duouc`diôg lm `ddiegms e mg ces d`ses mg qum sm rmdc`omg listigt`s prmtmgsiegms mg ug` oiso` lmo`gl`, rmdegvmgdiôg e igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurse, p`r` mc dàcduce lm c` t`s` sm tmglrà mg dumgt` c` suo` lm c`s du`gtï`s derrmspeglimgtms ` c`s prmtmgsiegms mkmrdit`l`s e c`s listigt`s `ddiegms `duouc`l`s. Mg mc d`se lm qum `cfug` lm c`s prmtmgsiegms e `ddiegms `duouc`l`s ge aumr` susdmptihcm lm v`cer`diôg mdegôoid`, sm `pcid`rà ` mst` c` rmfc` `gtmrier. F. Lmtmroig`diô Lmtmroig`diôg g lm c` duet` duet` trihut`ri` Tig pmrkuidie lm su oeliaid`diôg mg c` aero` prmvist` mg mc `rt. 2, smrà mxifihcm c` d`gtil`l aik` qum, mg augdiôg lm d`l` dc`sm lm predmse, sm lmtmroig` mg c` sifuimgtm t`hc`; `. Mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c divic Qmrh`c y d`ohi`rie Erl Er lig` g`ri rie e Oegi gite teri rie e, oegiterie murepme y lmo`gl` igdilmgt`c mg mc predmse degdurs`c 0=> ₣ 4>> ₣ 0>> ₣ Mkmdudiôg mxtr` kulidi`c y epesiepesidiôg ` c` mkmdudiôg lm tïtuces  kulidi`cms 8>> ₣ Degdurse gmdms`rie @pm pmc` c`d diô iôg g D`s `s`d `diô iôg gy mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c 8>> ₣ * * Du`gle lmspués lm c` epesidiôg lmc lmuler mg ug oegiterie sm sif` ug predmse erlig`rie sm lmsdegt`rà lm c` t`s` c` d`gtil`l y` `heg`l` mg mc predmse oegiterie. h. Mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive @hrmvi`le Erlig`rie @pmc`diôg D`s`diôg * * * * Du`gle mc rmdurse degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive tmgf` per ehkmte c` iopufg`diôg lm rmsecudiegms s`gdieg`ler`s, c` du`gtï` lm c` t`s`, igdcuil` c` d`gtil`l v`ri`hcm qum prmvé mc `p`rt`le sifuimgtm, ge pelrà mxdmlmr lmc =>% lmc iopertm lm c` s`gdiôg mdegôoid` iopumst`. 191   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` d. Mg mc erlmg sedi`c Tupcid`diôg D`s`diôg * * * \égf`sm mg dumgt` qum omli`gtm Tmgtmgdi` lmc \rihug`c Degstitudieg`c, sm b` lmdc`r`r`le c` igdegstitudieg`cil`l y gucil`l lmc `rt. 6, `p`rt`le 0, lm c` Cmy 0>/8>08, lm 8> lm gevimohrm, mg ces sifuimgtms igdises; «Mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c divic; (…) @pmc`diôg; 2>> ₣: D`s`diôg y mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c; 0.8>> ₣º: «Mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive; @hrmvi`le; 8>> ₣: Erlig`rie; 4=> ₣: @pmc`diôg; 2>> ₣: D`s`diôg; 0.8>> ₣º: y «Mg mc erlmg sedi`c; Tupcid`diôg; =>>  ₣: D`s`diôg; 6=> ₣º. Ce oisoe edurrm deg mc `rt. 6, `p`rt`le 8 lm c` dit`l` gero`. Xmspmdte lm `ohes pregugdi`oimgtes lm gucil`l, predmlm `pcid`r c` ledtrig` rmitmr`l` lmc \rihug`c Degstitudieg`c, mg duy` virtul «mg supumstes deoe mc qum `ber` ges edup` y `tmglimgle ` c` pcur`cil`l lm v`cerms degstitudieg`cms qum degdurrmg –lmhmoes tr`mr ` dec`diôg, ` c` ber` lm prmdis`r mc `cd`gdm mg mc timope lm gumstr` lmdc`r`diôg lm gucil`l, mc prigdipie lm smfuril`l kurïlid` (`rt. 9.4 DM), `c qum rmspeglm c` prmvisiôg degtmgil` mg mc `rt. <>.0 CE\D, smfûg mc du`c c`s smgtmgdi`s lmdc`r`teri`s lm c` igdegstitudieg`cil`l lm cmyms ‒ge pmroitiràg rmvis`r predmses amgmdiles omli`gtm smgtmgdi` deg aumrz` lm des` kuzf`l`’ mg ces qum sm b`y` bmdbe `pcid`diôg lm c`s cmyms igdegstitudieg`cms. @ber` himg, c` oeluc`diôg lmc `cd`gdm lm gumstr` lmdc`r`diôg lm igdegstitudieg`cil`l ge sm cioit` ` prmsmrv`r c` des` kuzf`l`. Oàs `ccà lm msm oïgioe iopumste per mc `rt. <>.0 CE\D lmhmoes lmdc`r`r qum mc prigdipie degstitudieg`c lm smfuril`l kurïlid` (`rt. 9.4 DM) t`ohiég rmdc`o` qum -mg mc `sugte qum ges edup`- mst` lmdc`r`diôg lm igdegstitudieg`cil`l sece sm` maid`z pre auture, mste ms, mg rmc`diôg deg gumves supumstes e deg ces predmlioimgtes `loigistr`tives y predmses kulidi`cms leglm `ûg ge b`y` rmd`ïle ug` rmsecudiôg airomº ZTT\D 41=/8>>1, lm 80 lm lidimohrm, AK 2 —deg dit` lm c` `gtmrier =>8, lm 86 lm amhrmre, AK 9-: 010/8>08, lm 8> lm smptimohrm, AK 6: 0>04, lm l m 8= lm `hric, AK <_. Mg p`rtiduc`r, ge predmlm erlmg`r c` lmvecudiôg lm c`s d`gtil`lms p`f`l`s per ces kustidi`hcms mg rmc`diôg deg c`s t`s`s lmdc`r`l`s guc`s, t`gte mg ces predmlioimgtes `loigistr`tives y kulidi`cms aig`ciz`les per rmsecudiôg y` airom: deoe mg `qumcces predmses `ûg ge aig`ciz`les mg ces qum c` pmrseg` ehcif`l` `c p`fe lm c` t`s` c` s`tisaize sig iopufg`rc` per iopmlircm mc `ddmse ` c` kurisliddiôg e `c rmdurse mg su d`se (`rt. 8<.0 DM), lmvigimgle deg mcce airom c` ciquil`diôg lmc trihute. Tig prmsdiglir lmc pmrkuidie qum t`c lmvecudiôg rmpert`rï` ` c` B`dimgl` ^ûhcid`, rmsuct` rmcmv`gtm tmgmr mg dumgt` ` mstes mamdtes qum c` t`s` ge sm lmdc`r` igdegstitudieg`c siopcmomgtm per su du`gtï`, teo`l` ést` mg `hstr`dte. ^er mc degtr`rie, bmoes `prmdi`le qum lidb`s t`s`s seg degtr`ri`s `c `rt. 8<.0 DM perqum ce mcmv`le lm ms` du`gtï` `d`rrm`, mg degdrmte, ug iopmliomgte igkustiaid`le p`r` mc `ddmse ` c` Kustidi` mg sus listigtes givmcms. \`c situ`diôg ge pumlm prmlid`rsm lm quimgms b`g p`f`le c` t`s` cefr`gle iopmtr`r c` petmst`l kurisliddieg`c qum secidit`h`g, ms lmdir, ge sm b` preludile ug` cmsiôg lmc lmrmdbe augl`omgt`c omgdieg`le, qum lmh` rmp`r`rsm omli`gtm c` lmvecudiôg lmc iopertm p`f`le. B. @uteciquil`diô @uteciquil`diôg g y p`fe Ces sukmtes p`sives `uteciquil`ràg mst` t`s` degaerom `c oelmce eaidi`c mst`hcmdile per mc Oigistmrie lm B`dimgl` y @loigistr`diegms ^ûhcid`s y predmlmràg ` su igfrmse mg mc \msere ^ûhcide deg `rrmfce ` ce lispumste mg c` cmfisc`diôg trihut`ri` fmgmr`c y mg c`s gero`s rmfc`omgt`ri`s lm lms`rrecce lm mstm `rtïduce. Ge ehst`gtm, ge tmglràg qum prmsmgt`r `uteciquil`diôg ces sukmtes mxmgtes. mliteri`c    }         dmp 196 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 Mc kustiaid`gtm lmc p`fe lm c` t`s` deg `rrmfce `c oelmce eaidi`c, lmhil`omgtm v`cil`le, `deop`ð`rà ` tele msdrite predms`c omli`gtm mc qum sm rm`cidm mc bmdbe iopegihcm lm mstm trihute. Mg d`se lm qum ge sm `deop`ð`sm lidbe kustiaid`gtm per ge b`hmrsm rm`ciz`le mc p`fe oisoe e per b`hmrsm eoitile su `pert`diôg, e du`gle c` ciquil`diôg mamdtu`l` aumr` mrrôgm`, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmqumrirà `c sukmte p`sive p`r` qum ce `pertm e derrik` c` ciquil`diôg mg mc pc`ze lm 0> lï`s, ge l`gle durse `c msdrite b`st` qum t`c eoisiôg aumsm suhs`g`l`. C` `usmgdi` lm suhs`g`diôg lm t`c lmaidimgdi` e lm derrmddiôg lm c` ciquil`diôg, tr`s mc rmqumrioimgte lmc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` ` qum sm rmaimrm mc prmdmpte, l`rà cuf`r ` c` prmdcusiôg lmc `dte predms`c y ` c` degsifuimgtm degtigu`diôg e aig`ciz`diôg lmc predmlioimgte, smfûg predml`. Ti ` ce c`rfe lm du`cquimr predmlioimgte sm aik`sm ug` du`gtï` supmrier ` c` igidi`comgtm lmtmroig`l` per mc sukmte p`sive, mstm lmhmrà prmsmgt`r ug` lmdc`r`diôg-ciquil`diôg deopcmomgt`ri` mg mc pc`ze lm 0 oms ` degt`r lmslm c` airomz` lm c` rmsecudiôg qum lmtmroigm c` du`gtï`. Ce oisoe edurrirà mg mc d`se mg qum c` du`gtï` lmc predmlioimgte ge sm buhimsm lmtmroig`le igidi`comgtm per mc sukmte p`sive e mg ces d`ses lm ig`lmdu`diôg lmc predmlioimgte. Ti, per mc degtr`rie, c` du`gtï` aik`l` per mc ôrf`ge deopmtmgtm aumrm igamrier ` c` igidi`comgtm lmtmroig`l` per mc sukmte p`sive, mstm pelrà secidit`r qum sm rmdtiaiqum c` `uteciquil`diôg prmsmgt`l` y, mg su d`se, qum sm lmvumcv` c` p`rtm lm c` duet` trihut`ri` prmsmgt`l` mg mxdmse, lm degaeroil`l deg ce prmviste mg c` gero`tiv` rmfuc`ler` lm c`s lmvecudiegms lm igfrmses iglmhiles lm g`tur`cmz` trihut`ri`. Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, mg mc pc`ze lm = lï`s lmslm c` getiaid`diôg lm c` rmsecudiôg mg c` qum sm lmtmroigm c` du`gtï` lmaigitiv`, deougid`rà per msdrite c` oeliaid`diôg lm c` du`gtï` ` c` lmcmf`diôg lm c` @fmgdi` Mst`t`c lm @loigistr`diôg \rihut`ri` mg duy` lmo`rd`diôg r`liqum c` smlm lmc ôrf`ge kulidi`c, ` ces mamdtes epertuges. Tm mamdtu`rà ug` lmvecudiôg lmc 1>% lmc iopertm lm c` duet` lm c` t`s`, qum mg gigfûg d`se l`rà cuf`r `c lmvmgfe lm igtmrmsms lm lmoer`, du`gle, mg du`cquimr` lm ces predmses duy` igidi`diôg lé cuf`r `c lmvmgfe lm mstm trihute, tmgf` cuf`r mc `cc`g`oimgte tet`c e sm `cd`gdm ug `dumrle qum pegf` aig `c citifie. Mst` lmvecudiôg t`ohiég smrà `pcid`hcm mg `qumcces supumstes mg ces qum c` @loigistr`diôg lmo`gl`l` rmdegedimsm tet`comgtm mg vï` `loigistr`tiv` c`s prmtmgsiegms lmc lmo`gl`gtm. Tm tmglrà lmrmdbe ` mst` lmvecudiôg lmslm c` airomz` lm c` rmsecudiôg qum pegf` aig `c predmse y b`f` degst`r c` aero` lm tmroig`diôg. Ces sukmtes p`sives tmglràg lmrmdbe ` c` lmvecudiôg lmc 8>% lmc iopertm lm c` duet` lm c` t`s` du`gle sm `dumrlm ug` `duouc`diôg lm predmses, qum mg gigfûg d`se l`rà cuf`r `c lmvmgfe lm igtmrmsms lm lmoer`. I. Fmstiôg lm c` t`s` C` fmstiôg lm c` t`s` rmfuc`l` derrmspeglm `c Oigistmrie lm B`dimgl` y @loigistr`diegms ^ûhcid`s. ^er Erlmg lmc Oigistre lm B`dimgl` sm rmfuc`ràg ces predmlioimgtes y ces oelmces lm `uteciquil`diôg lm c` t`s`. C` t`s` per mc Mkmrdidie lm c` ^etmst`l Kurisliddieg`c pmroitm c` prmsmgt`diôg mcmdtrôgid`, omli`gtm ces oelmces `preh`les per mc Oigistmrie lm Mdegeoï` y B`dimgl`, ` tr`vés lm c` @fmgdi` Mst`t`c lm @loigistr`diôg \rihut`ri`. 192   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` \@[email protected] Bmdbe iopegihcm C` igtmrpesidiôg lm c` lmo`gl` mg predmses lmdc`r`tives y lm mkmdudiôg lm tïtuces mkmdutives mxtr`kulidi`cms mg mc erlmg divic, c` aerouc`diôg lm rmdegvmgdiôg y pmtidiôg igidi`c lmc predmse oegiterie y lmc predmse oegiterie murepme C` seciditul lm degdurse gmdms`rie y c` lmo`gl` igdilmgt`c mg predmses degdurs`cms C` igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive C` igtmrpesidiôg lmc rmdurse mxtr`erlig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c mg mc àohite divic C` igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurses lm `pmc`diôg degtr` smgtmgdi`s y lm d`s`diôg mg mc erlmg divic y degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive C` igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurses lm supcid`diôg y lm d`s`diôg mg mc erlmg sedi`c C` epesidiôg ` c` mkmdudiôg lm tïtuces kulidi`cms H`sm iopegihcm C` du`gtï` lmc predmlioimgte kulidi`c e rmdurse Duet` trihut`ri` Erlmg divic  Oegiterie, oegiterie murepme y lmo`gl` idilmgt`c idilmgt`c degdurs`c:: 0>> mures degdurs`c Qmrh`c y d`ohi`rie; 0=> mures Degdurse, mkmdudiôg mxtr`kulidi`c y epesidiôg ` c` mkmdu diôg lm tïtuce kulidi`c; 8>> mures Degdurse gmdms`rie; 8>> mures Erlig`rie; 4>> mures   @pmc`diôg; D`s`diôg y mxtr`elig`rie per igar`ddiôg predms`c; Erlmg Degtmgdiese  @hrmvi`le; Erlig`rie;  @pmc`diôg; D`s`diôg; Erlmg Tedi`c   Tupcid`diôg; D`s`diôg; K. Hegiaid`diegm Hegiaid`diegmss lmriv`l`s lm c` uticiz`diôg lm omlies omlies tmcmoàtides tmcmoàtides Tm mst`hcmdm ug` hegiaid`diôg lmc 0>% sehrm c` t`s` per `dtivil`l kulidi`c p`r` ces supumstes mg qum sm uticidmg omlies tmcmoàtides mg c` prmsmgt`diôg lm ces msdrites qum erifig`g c` mxifmgdi` lm c` oiso` y mg mc rmste lm c`s deougid`diegms deg ces kuzf`les y trihug`cms mg ces téroiges qum mst`hcmzd` c` cmy qum rmfuc` c`s oiso`s. J. Qigduc`diôg lm c` t`s` C` t`s` kulidi`c sm degsilmr`rà vigduc`l`, mg mc o`rde lm c`s lispesidiegms lm c` Cmy 0/0991, lm 0> lm mgmre, lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, `c sistmo` lm kustidi` fr`tuit` mg ces téroiges mst`hcmdiles mg c` C^FM lm d`l` mkmrdidie. mliteri`c    }         dmp 199 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 6. ^@FET, LM^ÔTI\ET Y [email protected] [email protected] IEGMT K][email protected] IGFXMTET MG MC \MTEXE ^ÛHCIDE Xmfuc`les per mc Xm`c Lmdrmte <16/8>>1, lm 80 lm `hric, per mc qum sm rmfuc`g ces lmpôsites y degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms mg omtàcide, lm mamdtes e v`cerms 6.0 Lispesidiegms fmgmr`cms @. Ehkmte y àohite lm `pcid`diôg `pcid`diôg Mc Xm`c Lmdrmte <16/8>>1, lm 80 lm `hric, timgm per ehkmte c` rmfuc`diôg lm ces lmpôsites y degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms mg omtàcide, lm mamdtes e v`cerms. Puml`g mxdmptu`les ces lmpôsites mamdtu`les mg smlm mcmdtrôgid` lm c`s d`gtil`lms gmdms`ri`s p`r` teo`r p`rtm mg c`s suh`st`s kulidi`cms. \`gte ces lmpôsites deoe c`s degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms mg omtàcide, lm mamdtes e v`cerms seg `qumcces qum deoe t`cms sm degstituymg ` lispesidiôg lm ces ôrf`ges lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` mg mc àohite lm ces predmses kulidi`cms. @ mstes mamdtes, sm mgtimglm per; `) Lmpôsites kulidi`cms; - Ces qum sm degstituy`g mg duopcioimgte lm f`r`gtï`s, ai`gz`s, d`udiegms u etres rmquisites predms`cms mst`hcmdiles per c`s cmyms. - Ces qum sm rm`cidmg rm`cidmg deoe degsmdumgdi` degsmdumgdi` lm c` igtmrvmgdiôg, igtmrvmgdiôg, `prmbmgsiôg e igd`ut`diôg lm oegml` omtàcid`, hiccmtms lm h`gde, dbmqums h`gd`ries e v`cerms rm`ciz`hcms, mamdtu`l`s per c`s Aumrz`s y Dumrpes lm Tmfuril`l, per Qific`gdi` @lu`gmr` e du`cquimr etre augdieg`rie pûhcide, pegiégleces ` lispesidiôg lm c` `uteril`l kulidi`c deopmtmgtm. - Du`cquimr igfrmse qum sm rm`cidm deoe degsmdumgdi` e `smfur`oimgte lmc lmc moh`rfe lm himgms, y mc lm c`s d`gtil`lms qum sm b`cc`rmg lur`gtm lur`gt m c` pràdtid` lm licifmgdi`s kulidi`cms.  h) Degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms; - @qumcc`s qum qum sm rm`cidmg rm`cidmg mg mkmdudiôg vecugt`ri` e aerzes` lm tïtuces qum ccmvmg `p`rmk`l` mkmdudiôg. - C`s qum sm rm`cidmg deg aig`cil`l cihmr`teri` per mc ehcif`le `c p`fe lm ug` d`gtil`l, e mg mg etres supumstes cmf`comgtm mst`hcmdiles. Ces lmpôsites y degsifg`diegms kulidi`cms rmfuc`les mg mc rm`c lmdrmte sm rm`ciz`ràg omli`gtm igfrmse lm d`gtil`lms lm oegml` g`dieg`c e livis` mxtr`gkmr` degvmrtihcm mg ug` «Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegmsº, deg ces rmquisites mst`hcmdiles mg mc `rtïduce 2 lmc oisoe. Ge ehst`gtm, ces lmpôsites y degsifg`diegms p`r` teo`r p`rtm mg c`s suh`st`s kulidi`cms sm mamdtu`ràg degaerom ` su gero`tiv` mspmdïaid`. Puml` mxprms`omgtm prebihil` c` uticiz`diôg lm dumgt`s listigt`s lm c`s prmvist`s mg mstm rm`c lmdrmte p`r` mc ehkmte y àohite ào hite `c qum mstm b`dm rmamrmgdi`. H. @lkulid`diôg lmc lmc degtr`te lm `pmrtur` y fmstiôg lm c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms Kulidi`cms Mc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` lmsifg`rà c` mgtil`l lm drélite mg c` qum sm prmst`rà mc smrvidie lm `pmrtur` y fmstiôg lm c`s «Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms Kulidi`cmsº, prmvi`omgtm smcmddieg`l` lm `dumrle deg ce prmviste c` Cmy lm Degtr`tes lmc Tmdter ^ûhcide, mg c`s gero`s rmfc`omgt`ri`s lidt`l`s mg lms`rrecce lm mst` y mg mc prepie Xm`c Lmdrmte <16/8>>1. 6>>   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` C` aero` lm `lkulid`diôg lmc degtr`te lm smrvidies smrà mc degdurse qum lmhmrà tmgmr mg dumgt`, mg tele d`se, c`s omkerms deglidiegms mdegôoid`s y tédgid`s earmdil`s per ces cidit`lerms, `sï deoe su iopc`gt`diôg tmrriteri`c p`r` mc smrvidie lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`. C` mgtil`l prmst`ler` lm ces smrvidies h`gd`ries lmhmrà lms`rrecc`r, o`gtmgmr y pegmr ` lispesidiôg lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` c` `pcid`diôg igaeroàtid` lmsdrit` mg mstm rm`c lmdrmte, y duy` prepiml`l smrà mg tele d`se lmc omgdieg`le Oigistmrie. Ces igtmrmsms qum sm ciquilmg per c` mgtil`l lm drélite derrmspeglimgtm ` c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms sm `heg`ràg `c \msere ^ûhcide mg c` du`gtï` y aero` qum sm mspmdiaiqum mg mc pcimfe lm h`sms lmc mxpmlimgtm lmc predmlioimgte lm degtr`t`diôg qum sm buhimsm smfuile p`r` c` smcmddiôg lm c` mgtil`l lm drélite mst`hcmdil`, qum rmspmt`rà mg tele d`se ces omlies lm p`fe lmtmroig`les mg mc `rtïduce 00> lm c` Cmy <6/8>>4, lm 81 lm gevimohrm , Fmgmr`c ^rmsupumst`ri`, y lm degaeroil`l deg mc `rtïduce 6> lm c` Cmy =4/8>>8, lm 4> lm gevimohrm, lm Omlil`s Aisd`cms, @loigistr`tiv`s y lm Erlmg Tedi`c, e c`s gero`s qum cm sustituy`g mg su d`se. Puml`g mxdmptu`les ces igtmrmsms qum fmgmrmg c`s d`gtil`lms prevmgimgtms lm c` dumgt` mspmdi`c lm c` Eaidig` lm Xmdupmr`diôg y Fmstiôg lm @dtives, qum sm igfrms`ràg mg lidb` dumgt`, ` ces mamdtes lm ce prmviste mg c` Cmy lm Mgkuidi`oimgte Drioig`c. D. Geomgdc`tur` y `uteriz`diôg `uteriz`diôg p`r` lispegmr lispegmr lm ces aegles C`s dumgt`s ccmv`ràg mc geohrm lmc ôrf`ge kulidi`c, aisd`c e lmc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c mg dumstiôg, `c qum sm `ð`lirà c` lmgeoig`diôg «Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegmsº y mg mcc` sm ccmv`ràg ` d`he ces igfrmses omgdieg`les. C`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms pelràg smr ouctilivis`s, lmhimgle pmro`gmdmr liamrmgdi`les ces s`cles mxistmgtms mg oegml` g`dieg`c y mg livis`s mxtr`gkmr`s degvmrtihcms. Lm degaeroil`l deg ce lispumste mg mc `rt. <=9.8 lm c` CE^K, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, rmspegs`hcm lirmdte lmc lmhile lmpôsite mg c`s igstitudiegms cmf`cms lm du`gt`s d`gtil`lms y v`cerms, degsifg`diegms y ai`gz`s sm preluzd`g, smrà c` ûgid` pmrseg` `uteriz`l` p`r` lispegmr lm ces aegles mxistmgtms mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms, y mst`rà ehcif`le `c duopcioimgte lm ce mst`hcmdile mg mstm rm`c lmdrmte, lm du`gt`s gero`s sm lidtmg mg su lms`rrecce, y lm c`s igstruddiegms epmr`tiv`s qum rmdih` `c rmspmdte lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi`. Iopert`gtm @rt. <=9 CE^K –Z..._ 8. Ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmspeglmràg lmc lmhile lmpôsite mg c`s igstitudiegms qum sm lmtmroigmg lm du`gt`s d`gtil`lms y v`cerms, degsifg`diegms y ai`gz`s sm preluzd`g, sifuimgle c`s igstruddiegms qum `c mamdte sm lidtmg.‟ @sioisoe, pelràg lispegmr lm ces aegles lm c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms; mliteri`c    }         dmp 6>0 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 `) ces oimohres lm c` D`rrmr` Aisd`c, mg ces supumstes mst`hcmdiles mg c`s Lispesidiegms `lidieg`cms priomr` y smfugl` lm mstm rm`c lmdrmte,  h) mc Tuhlirmdter fmgmr`c lm degsmrv`diôg degsmrv`diôg,, `loigistr`diô `loigistr`diôg g y rm`ciz`diôg lm himgms lm c` Eaidig` lm Xmdupmr`diôg y Fmstiôg lm @dtives, mg ces téroiges prmvistes mg c` lispesidiôg lispes idiôg `lidieg`c quigt`, y d) ces smdrmt`ries rmc`terms mg c` kurisliddiôg oicit`r. \eles mcces lmhmràg duopcir deg c`s gero`s mst`hcmdil`s `gtmrieromgtm. Derrmspeglm `c Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` `uteriz`r c` `pmrtur` lm c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms, `sï deoe c` d`gdmc`diôg y, mg su d`se, d`ohie lm lmgeoig`diôg lm c`s oiso`s. L. Dumgt` fmgmr`c fmgmr`c y dumgt`s lm mxpmlimgtm mxpmlimgtm C` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lm d`l` ôrf`ge smrà ûgid` y mg mcc` sm rmdefmràg ces oevioimgtes y s`cles lm c`s listigt`s dumgt`s lm mxpmlimgtms kulidi`cms, igtmfr`l`s lmgtre lm `qumcc`. ^`r` rm`ciz`r epmr`diegms lm igfrmse e lispesidiôg lm ces aegles smrà gmdms`rie `dtu`r sehrm ug` dumgt` lm mxpmlimgtm. M. Fmstiôg y degtrec degtrec lm c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegm Degsifg`diegmss Ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, y lmoàs pmrseg`s `uteriz`l`s, fmstieg`ràg y mamdtu`ràg mc degtrec sehrm c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms ` tr`vés lm c` `pcid`diôg igaeroàtid` lm tituc`ril`l lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` qum mstm lmtmroigm, c` du`c lmhmrà smr v`cil`l` per mc DF^K y per c` AFM. C` `pcid`diôg lispeglrà lm ces omd`gisoes `lmdu`les lm degtrec y smfuril`l, simgle c`s omlil`s lm smfuril`l ` iopc`gt`r, deg d`ràdtmr oïgioe, lm givmc omlie (smfûg mc Xm`c Lmdrmte 068>/8>>6, lm 80 lm lidimohrm, per mc qum sm `prumh` mc Xmfc`omgte lm lms`rrecce lm c` Cmy Erfàgid` 0=/0999, lm 04 lm lidimohrm, lm pretmddiôg lm l`tes lm d`ràdtmr pmrseg`c), puliéglesm igderper`r per p`rtm lm c` Mgtil`l lm Drélite `lkulid`t`ri` lmc degtr`te ug givmc lm smfuril`l o`yer smfûg c`s deglidiegms tédgid`s earmdil`s per mst` mg mc predmse lm degtr`t`diôg. Lmhmrà f`r`gtiz`r c` `utmgtidil`l, degailmgdi`cil`l, igtmfril`l y lispegihicil`l lm ces l`tes, pmroitir c` lispesidiôg lm aegles omli`gtm c` mxpmlidiôg lm ôrlmgms tmcmoàtid`s lm tr`gsamrmgdi` y/e o`gl`oimgtes lm p`fe, `sï deoe preperdieg`r igaero`diôg sehrm ces oevioimgtes y s`cles lm c`s dumgt`s. Derrmspeglm `c Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` mc mst`hcmdioimgte lm pmraicms lm `ddmse ` c` igaero`diôg, mc eterf`oimgte lm `uteriz`diegms lm usu`rie ` ces listigtes ôrf`ges y, mg su d`se, c` deopreh`diôg lmc duopcioimgte lm c`s cioit`diegms mst`hcmdil`s, `sï deoe c` lispesidiôg lm ces livmrses sistmo`s lm igderper`diôg, `ct`s y h`k`s lm usu`ries. C` `pcid`diôg tmglrà pmraicms lm `ddmse liamrmgtms p`r` ces augdieg`ries mspmdi`comgtm lmsifg`les per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` p`r` prmst`r su dec`her`diôg mg mc use lm c` oiso`. Tece mg ces d`ses lm a`ct` lm omlies igaeroàtides `lmdu`les e iopesihicil`l tédgid` sehrmvmgil`, sm pelràg moitir o`gl`oimgtes lm p`fe u ôrlmgms lm tr`gsamrmgdi` lm aero` o`gu`c uticiz`gle ces ioprmses gero`ciz`les, y duil`gle mg mstes d`ses ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` lmc degtrec lm ces o`gl`oimgtes u ôrlmgms `sï moitiles. C`s ôrlmgms lm tr`gsamrmgdi` ` dumgt`s kulidi`cms, y` sm` ` etr` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm lmc prepie ôrf`ge e ` dumgt` lm listigte ôrf`ge, sm ccmv`ràg ` d`he lm aero` mcmdtrôgid` y `uteoàtid`, omli`gtm c` `pcid`diôg igaeroàtid`. Ifu`comgtm sm epmr`rà lm mst` o`gmr` deg c`s ôrlmgms lm tr`gsamrmgdi` ` dumgt`s h`gd`ri`s ge kulidi`cms. Tece c`s ôrlmgms lm tr`gsamrmgdi` mxpmlil`s lm aero` o`gu`c gmdmsit`ràg lm su mgtrmf` mg c` eaidig` lm c` mgtil`l lm drélite. 6>8   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` Mc Cihre lm Xmfistre lm c` Dumgt` sm ehtmglrà lm c` prepi` `pcid`diôg igaeroàtid`. Mc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` pelrà supmrvis`r mc mst`le lm c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms omli`gtm mc `pcid`tive igaeroàtide lms`rrecc`le `c mamdte per c` mgtil`l lm drélite `lkulid`t`ri`. A. Tuoigistre lm igaero`diôg Tm mst`hcmdmràg ces predmlioimgtes gmdms`ries p`r` qum ces ôrf`ges kulidi`cms e, mg su d`se, mc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c lm qum sm tr`tm, c` mgtil`l lm drélite, ces lmpesit`gtms y lmoàs igtmrms`les tmgf`g  kustiaid`diôg suaidimgtm lm c` rm`ciz`diôg lm ces igfrmses y lm c`s lispesidiegms lm aegles lm c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms. C` mgtil`l lm drélite mg c` qum sm prmstm mc smrvidie lm `pmrtur` y fmstiôg lm c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms mst`rà ehcif`l` ` a`dicit`r c` igaero`diôg qum mg rmc`diôg ` c`s oiso`s cm seciditm t`gte mc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi`, p`r` mc mkmrdidie lm sus augdiegms lm lirmddiôg y degtrec lm c`s dumgt`s, deoe ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` e, mg su d`se, ces Tmrvidies Deougms ^redms`cms, p`r` c` `lmdu`l` fmstiôg lm sus rmspmdtiv`s dumgt`s. Mst` igaero`diôg smrà a`dicit`l` mg sepertm p`pmc y/e per omlies tmcmoàtides. 6.8 Epmr`diegms mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms @. Xmdmpdiôg o`tmri`c y edup`diôg lm ligmre Du`gle sm rmdih` u edupm mc lmpôsite o`tmri`c lm oegml` omtàcid`, hiccmtms lm h`gde, dbmqums h`gd`ries e v`cerms rm`ciz`hcms mg c`s eaidig`s kulidi`cms, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` lmc ôrf`ge kulidi`c e lmc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c lm qum sm tr`tm, erlmg`rà su lmpôsite, mc oisoe lï`, mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms y, lm ge smr mcce pesihcm per preludirsm aumr` lm c`s ber`s lm `pmrtur` lm c`s eaidig`s h`gd`ri`s, mg mc 0mr lï` bàhic sifuimgtm. H. Xmquisites aero`cms lm c`s epmr`diegms \`gte c`s epmr`diegms lm igfrmse deoe c`s lm lispesidiôg lm ces aegles lm c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms sm pelràg rm`ciz`r per omlies mcmdtrôgides, igaeroàtides, tmcmoàtides e lm aero` o`gu`c, lmhiéglesm uticiz`r mg mstm ûctioe d`se ces ioprmses gero`ciz`les eaidi`cms lm leduomgte lm igfrmse, o`gl`oimgte lm p`fe y tr`gsamrmgdi` ` dumgt` kulidi`c. Du`cquimr omlie mopcm`le p`r` epmr`r deg c`s dumgt`s lmhmrà lispegmr lm c`s deglidiegms lm smfuril`l `lmdu`l`s y lmhmrà degt`r deg c` `preh`diôg lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi`. Mg tel`s c`s epmr`diegms lm igfrmse e tr`gsamrmgdi` ` ug` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lmhmràg degst`r simoprm mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c e, mg su d`se, mc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c y, `c omges, ces sifuimgtms l`tes; geohrm e r`zôg sedi`c lm quimg rm`ciz` mc igfrmse y lm c` pmrseg` per dumgt` lm quimg sm rm`ciz`, GIA y leoidicie lmc erlmg`gtm, d`gtil`l lm c` epmr`diôg rmacmk`l` mg cmtr`s y diar`s, degdmpte mg mc qum sm rm`ciz` c` oiso`, amdb` lm c` epmr`diôg y dôlife deopcmte lm c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm sehrm c` qum sm rm`ciz` mst`. Mg c`s epmr`diegms lm lispesidiôg lm aegles lmslm ug` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms, lmhmràg degst`r `c omges ces sifuimgtms l`tes; geohrm e r`zôg sedi`c lmc hmgmaidi`rie, d`gtil`l lm c` epmr`diôg rmacmk`l` mg cmtr`s y diar`s, degdmpte mg mc qum sm rm`ciz` c` oiso`, amdb` lm c` epmr`diôg, dôlife deopcmte lm c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm sehrm c` qum sm rm`ciz` mst` y, mg d`se lm o`gl`oimgtes lm p`fe, pc`ze lm prmsmgt`diôg `c dehre. Mc GIA lmc hmgmaidi`rie lmhmrà degst`r du`gle msté rmdefile e `sï sm lmsprmgl` lmc mxpmlimgtm kulidi`c. Ge sm pmroitm c` moisiôg lm o`gl`oimgtes lm p`fe `c pert`ler, gi c` rm`ciz`diôg lm tr`gsamrmgdi`s ` dumgt`s ge kulidi`cms lm c`s qum ge degstm c` ilmgtil`l lm su tituc`r. mliteri`c    }         dmp 6>4 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 Ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` y lmoàs pmrseg`c lm c` eaidig` kulidi`c igaero`ràg ` quimg lmh` rm`ciz`r ug igfrmse mg c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lm ces rmquisites gmdms`ries p`r` mcce y, mg tele d`se, cm a`dicit`ràg mc dôlife deopcmte lm c` dumgt` fmgmr`c y lm c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm mg mc qum sm lmh` rm`ciz`r `qumc, `sï deoe c` dc`vm lm c` Mgtil`l lm drélite y c` lm c` sudurs`c mg c` qum sm mgdumgtrm `himrt` c` dumgt` derrmspeglimgtm. @sioisoe igaero`ràg lm ce mst` hcmdile mg mc `rtïduce =.0 lm l m c` Cmy Erfàgid` Er fàgid` 0=/0999, lm 04 lm lidimohrm, lm ^retmddiôg lm L`tes lm D`ràdtmr ^mrseg`c. C` mgtil`l lm drélite ge l`rà durse ` gigfug` epmr`diôg lm igfrmse e lispesidiôg lm aegles qum ge rmûg` ces rmquisites mguomr`les. D. Igfrmses `. Igfrmses mspmdïaides sig mxistmgdi` prmvi` lm mxpmlimgtm kulidi`c Ces igfrmses qum lmh`g rm`ciz`rsm sig mxistmgdi` prmvi` lm ug mxpmlimgtm kulidi`c sm mamdtu`ràg mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lmc Kuzf`le Lmd`ge e, mg su d`se, lmc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c derrmspeglimgtm, mg c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm qum ` t`c mamdte sm igliqum per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm  Kustidi` e lmoàs pmrseg`c lm mst`s eaidig`s kulidi`cms y, mg du`cquimr d`se, per c` mgtil`l lm drélite `lkulid`t`ri`. Ti sm tr`t`r` lm igfrmses prmvies e demtàgmes ` c` prmsmgt`diôg lm lmo`gl`, e msdrite qum igidim mc mxpmlimgtm kulidi`c, sm `deop`ð`rà ` mstes msdrites mc rmsfu`rle lm igfrmse e kustiaid`gtm lmc oisoe, p`r` qum sm` rmdc`o`le per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` deopmtmgtm `c smdrmt`rie lmc Lmd`g`te e, mg su d`se, lmc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c derrmspeglimgtm, deougidàglecm mc dôlife deopcmte lm c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm ` c` qum b` lm mamdtu`r c` tr`gsamrmgdi`. h. Igfrmses mspmdïaides mg mc erlmg pmg`c @tmgdiôg ]g` vmz sm b`y`g igde`le c`s licifmgdi`s kulidi`cms per mc  Kuzf`le deopmtmgtm, sm tr`gsamriràg per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` lmc  Kuzf`le Lmd`ge e, mg su d`se, lmc lm fu`rli`, c`s d`gtil`lms igfrms`l`s mg c` dumgt` lm mstes mg mc oele prmviste `gtmrieromgtm. 6>< Du`gle sm b`y`g igtmrvmgile d`gtil`lms per c`s Aumrz`s y Dumrpes lm Tmfuril`l, per Qific`gdi` @lu`gmr` e per du`cquimr etre augdieg`rie pûhcide mg c` pràdtid` lm licifmgdi`s `derl`l`s kulidi`comgtm e qum ehmlmzd`g ` c` mxistmgdi` lm ug predmlioimgte kulidi`c prmvie, sm igfrms`ràg `qumcc`s mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lm lidbe Kuzf`le e, mg su d`se, lmc Tmrvidie Deoûg ^redms`c derrmspeglimgtm. Du`gle ge mxist` degst`gdi` lmc Kuzf`le deopmtmgtm sm igfrms`ràg mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites lmc Kuzf`le Lmd`ge e, mg su d`se, mg c` lm `qumc qum sm mgdumgtrm mg augdiegms lm fu`rli`, lmk`gle deoe rmamrmgdi` mc gûomre lm rmfistre lm c` `dtu`diôg pecidi`c y mc Dumrpe e ^ecidï` `dtu`gtm.   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` d. Igfrmses mspmdïaides mg mc erlmg sedi`c Ces lmpôsites y degsifg`diegms qum sm rm`cidmg mg mc àohite lmc erlmg kurisliddieg`c sedi`c sig mxistmgdi` prmvi` lm ug predmlioimgte igde`le, `c `op`re lm ce lispumste mg mc `rt. =1.8 lmc M\, sm igfrms`ràg mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lmc Kuzf`le Lmd`ge e mg `qumcc` qum sm` a`dicit`l` per mc  Kuzf`le lm ce Tedi`c tmrriteri`comgtm deopmtmgtm. C` pmrseg` e mgtil`l degsifg`gtm, igomli`t`omgtm lmspués lm mamdtu`l` c` degsifg`diôg lmhmrà pegmr c` oiso` mg degedioimgte lmc Kuzf`le lm ce Tedi`c, s`cve qum ce buhimr` bmdbe deg `gtmrieril`l. L. Lispesidiôg lm aegles `. Xmigtmfres lm d`gtil`lms; o`gl`oimgtes lm p`fe y tr`gsamrmgdi`s ` dumgt`s h`gd`ri`s ge kulidi`cms Mc rmigtmfre lm c`s d`gtil`lms sm rm`ciz`rà omli`gtm c` mxpmlidiôg lmc o`gl`oimgte lm p`fe ` a`ver lmc hmgmaidi`rie. Mc o`gl`oimgte lm p`fe, qum ge smrà ug leduomgte deopmgs`hcm, lmhmrà smr bmdbe mamdtive omli`gtm su prmsmgt`diôg `c dehre per mc hmgmaidi`rie mg c` mgtil`l lm drélite `lkulid`t`ri`, lmhil`omgtm airo`le y smcc`le per mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`. Ces o`gl`oimgtes lmhmràg smr prmsmgt`les `c dehre mg ug pc`ze lm 4 omsms ` degt`r lmslm mc lï` sifuimgtm ` c` amdb` lm moisiôg lm ces oisoes, ge mxdcuyéglesm ces lï`s igbàhicms, pmre si mc lï` lmc vmgdioimgte ce aumrm, sm mgtmglmrà qum mc o`gl`oimgte vmgdm mc priomr lï` bàhic sifuimgtm. Mg mc supumste lm qum mc o`gl`oimgte buhimrm d`lud`le per su a`ct` lm prmsmgt`diôg `c dehre mg mc pc`ze smð`c`le, mc hmgmaidi`rie lmc oisoe pelrà secidit`r `c Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` c` mxpmlidiôg lm ug gumve o`gl`oimgte sukmte ` ifu`c pc`ze lm d`ludil`l. C` mgtil`l `lkulid`t`ri` ge b`rà mamdtive mc p`fe lm gigfûg o`gl`oimgte d`lud`le. Mg ces supumstes mg qum mc o`gl`oimgte buhimr` sile cihr`le per iopertm supmrier `c s`cle mxistmgtm mg c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm mg mc oeomgte lm su prmsmgt`diôg `c dehre, sm p`f`rà b`st` mc cïoitm lm mstm, lmhimgle c` mgtil`l lm drélite igaero`r lm mst` situ`diôg `c Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`. Mc rmigtmfre lm d`gtil`lms t`ohiég pelrà b`dmrsm ` tr`vés lm tr`gsamrmgdi`s ` dumgt`s h`gd`ri`s ge  kulidi`cms, simgle gmdms`rie qum degstm suaidimgtmomgtm mg mc mxpmlimgtm kulidi`c mc gûomre lm dôlife lm dumgt` dcimgtm e gûomre igtmrg`dieg`c lm dumgt` h`gd`ri` ([email protected]) y c` tituc`ril`l lm c` oiso`, qum b`hrà lm igdcuir mg tele d`se ` c` pmrseg` e mgtil`l qum lmh` pmrdihir c` d`gtil`l, c` du`c lmhmrà smr igaero`l` lmc d`ràdtmr pûhcide, mg fmgmr`c, lm c`s `dtu`diegms kulidi`cms y lm qum mc gûomre a`dicit`le per mcc` p`r` mstm aig quml` igderper`le mg mc mxpmlimgtm kulidi`c. Mg `qumcces supumstes mg qum mc hmgmaidi`rie lmc rmigtmfre lm d`gtil`l rmsil` mg listigte ougidipie ` `qumc mg qum mstuvimrm c` smlm lmc ôrf`ge moiser, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` uticiz`rà c` tr`gsamrmgdi` ` dumgt` h`gd`ri` ge kulidi`c simoprm qum degdurr`g ces rmquisites prmvistes deg `gtmrieril`l. Tece mg mc d`se mxdmpdieg`c lm ge pelmr uticiz`r c` tr`gsamrmgdi` ` dumgt` h`gd`ri` ge kulidi`c, sm pelrà licifmgdi`r c` mgtrmf` lmc o`gl`oimgte lm p`fe ` tr`vés lm c` mgtil`l lm drélite `lkulid`t`ri`. h. \r`gsamrmgdi`s `c \msere ^ûhcide Mc iopertm lm c`s ouct`s y lmoàs p`fes qum lmh`g mamdtu`rsm ` a`ver lm c` @loigistr`diôg Fmgmr`c lmc Mst`le y sus erf`gisoes `utôgeoes sm igfrms`rà mg c` Dumgt` lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms lmc ôrf`ge derrmspeglimgtm. mliteri`c    }         dmp 6>= ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 Ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, omli`gtm erlmg lm tr`gsamrmgdi`, igfrms`ràg c`s d`gtil`lms rmamril`s `gtmrieromgtm mg c` dumgt` mspmdi`c lm igfrmses `c \msere ^ûhcide, «Ouct`s y p`fes ` a`ver lmc Mst`leº, qum smrà ûgid` p`r` tele mc tmrriterie g`dieg`c. Lmc oisoe oele sm predmlmrà du`gle mc tituc`r b`y` rmgugdi`le mxprms`omgtm ` c` d`gtil`l. C`s d`gtil`lms qum sm mgdumgtrmg igfrms`l`s mg c`s Dumgt`s lm Lmpôsites y Degsifg`diegms y qum b`y`g sile ehkmte lm lmdeoise mg `pcid`diôg lmc `rtïduce 46< lm c` Cmy Erfàgid` 0>/099=, lm 84 lm gevimohrm , lmc Dôlife ^mg`c, y lmc `rtïduce = lm c` Cmy Erfàgid` 08/099=, lm 08 lm lidimohrm, lm Xmprmsiôg lmc Degtr`h`gle , ug` vmz b`y` f`g`le airomz` c` smgtmgdi` mg c` qum sm lmdrmtm su lmdeoise y `lkulid`diôg lmaigitiv` `c Mst`le, smràg tr`gsamril`s per mc smdrmt`rie kulidi`c ` c` dumgt` mspmdi`c lm igfrmses `c \msere ^ûhcide, «Lmdeoises per Lmcites lm G`rdetràaide u etres lmcites rmc`dieg`lesº, qum smrà ûgid` p`r` tele mc tmrriterie g`dieg`c, sig pmrkuidie lm ces `dumrles p`r` c` tr`gsamrmgdi` lm lidb`s d`gtil`lms qum pulimr`g `derl`rsm mg virtul lmc degvmgie lm dec`her`diôg ` qum sm rmaimrm c` lispesidiôg `lidieg`c priomr` lmc Xm`c Lmdrmte per mc qum sm rmfuc` c` Eaidig` lm Xmdupmr`diôg y Fmstiôg lm @dtives. C` mgtil`l lm drélite `lkulid`t`ri` lmc smrvidie b`rà mamdtive mc igfrmse `c \msere ^ûhcide lm c`s d`gtil`lms lm mst`s dumgt`s mspmdi`cms deg c` pmrielidil`l lmtmroig`l` mg mc pcimfe lm h`sms lmc predmlioimgte lm degtr`t`diôg qum sm buhimsm smfuile p`r` c` smcmddiôg lm c` oiso`. Mc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` tmglrà degedioimgte lm mstes igfrmses ` tr`vés lm c` `pcid`diôg igaeroàtid` lms`rrecc`l` per c` mgtil`l lm drélite `lkulid`t`ri` lmc degtr`te. d. \r`gsamrmgdi`s ` c` Dumgt` lm Aegles ^revisieg`comgtm @h`gleg`les Ces Cmtr`les lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` igfrms`ràg, omli`gtm erlmg lm tr`gsamrmgdi` ` c` dumgt` mspmdi`c «Aegles ^revisieg`comgtm @h`gleg`lesº; `) C`s d`gtil`lms qum ge b`y`g pelile smr mgtrmf`l`s ` sus lmstig`t`ries, tr`s b`hmr uticiz`le ces omlies epertuges p`r` c` `vmrifu`diôg lm su leoidicie e rmsilmgdi`.  h) C`s d`gtil`lms derrmspeglimgtms ` o`gl`oimgtes lm p`fe mgtrmf`les y ge prmsmgt`les `c dehre per sus hmgmaidi`ries. Mst` dumgt` mspmdi`c smrà ûgid` p`r` tele mc tmrriterie g`dieg`c. Mc pc`ze p`r` predmlmr ` tr`gsamrir ces rmamriles aegles smrà lm ug `ðe, degt`le lmslm c` amdb` lmc rmqumrioimgte mg c`s aero`s cmf`comgtm prmvist`s e lmslm c` amdb` lm moisiôg lmc o`gl`oimgte. Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` mst`rà ehcif`le ` iglid`r, mg mc oeomgte lm erlmg`r c` tr`gsamrmgdi` ` mst` dumgt`, c` amdb` lmslm c` qum ces aegles sm mgdumgtrmg ` lispesidiôg lmc igtmrms`le, e `qumcc` mg c` qum sm b`y` pr`dtid`le `cfug` fmstiôg per mc igtmrms`le qum iopciqum mc mkmrdidie lm su lmrmdbe sehrm c` d`gtil`l si mst` aumr` pestmrier, y mcce `c ehkmte lm duopcir deg ce mst`hcmdile mg mc `rtïduce 02 lm c` Cmy 44/8>>4, lm 4 lm gevimohrm, lmc ^`trioegie lm c`s @loigistr`diegms ^ûhcid`s e gero` qum ce sustituy`. - Ti mc hmgmaidi`rie hmgmaidi`rie rmdc`o`r` `gtms lmc pc`ze pc`ze mst`hcmdile mg mc `rtïduce 02 lm c` Cmy 44/8>>4, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmigtmfr`rà c` d`gtil`l, omli`gtm erlmg lm tr`gsamrmgdi`, ` c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm derrmspeglimgtm. - Ti mc hmgmaidi`rie lm c` d`gtil`l igfrms`l` igfrms`l` mg mst` mst` dumgt` rmgugdi`r` rmgugdi`r` mxprms`omgtm ` c` oiso`, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmigtmfr`rà c` oiso`, omli`gtm erlmg lm tr`gsamrmgdi`, ` c` dumgt` mxpmlimgtm derrmspeglimgtm, y `dtu`rà smfuil`omgtm smfûg ce prmdmptu`le. \r`gsdurrile mc pc`ze p`r` qum ces aegles lm mst` dumgt` sm degsilmrmg `h`gleg`les per sus tituc`rms, mc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` erlmg`rà su igfrmse `c \msere ^ûhcide, prmvie `gugdie lm prmsdripdiôg 6>1   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` lm lmpôsites ` a`ver lmc Mst`le, mc du`c tmglrà mc d`ràdtmr lm rmsecudiôg lm igsmrdiôg ehcif`teri`, ` mamdtes lm ce lispumste mg mc Lmdrmte 020/8>>2, lm 2 lm amhrmre, lm erlmg`diôg lmc li`rie eaidi`c –Hecmtïg Eaidi`c lmc Mst`le‟. 2. [email protected] @TIT\[email protected] K]XÏ[email protected] [email protected]\]I\@ 2.0 Degdmpte y rmfuc`diôg @. Degdmpte ^rivicmfie predms`c mg virtul lmc du`c sm mxiom lmc p`fe lm c`s dest`s y f`stes predms`cms ` c`s pmrseg`s qum `drmlitmg igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` s`tisa`dmrc`s. H. Xmfuc`diôg - @rtïduce 009 lm c` DM; C` kustidi` smrà fr`tuit` du`gle `sï ce lispegf` c` Cmy, y mg tele d`se, rmspmdte lm ces qum `drmlitmg igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r. - Cmy 0/0991, lm 0> lm mgmre, lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, qum `trihuym ` ug erf`gisoe `loigistr`tive; –C` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`‟ ([email protected]), c` augdiôg lm rmdegedmr mc lmrmdbe ` ms` `sistmgdi` `c qum quimr` `prevmdb`rsm lm mstm hmgmaidie, qum b` lm `drmlit`r c` igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r. 2.8 Àohite @. O`tmri`c C` prmsmgtm Cmy timgm per ehkmte lmtmroig`r mc degtmgile y `cd`gdm lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` `c qum sm rmaimrm mc `rtïduce 009 lm c` Degstitudiôg y rmfuc`r mc predmlioimgte p`r` su rmdegedioimgte y mamdtivil`l. C`s lispesidiegms lm mst` cmy smràg lm `pcid`diôg fmgmr`c mg tele tipe lm predmses kulidi`cms, igdcuiles ces rmdurses lm `op`re degstitudieg`c, c` vï` `loigistr`tiv` prmvi` du`gle `sï sm mst`hcmzd` mg c` cmfisc`diôg mspmdïaid`, `sï deoe mc `smser`oimgte prmvie `c predmse degtmopc`le mg mc `p`rt`le 0 lmc `rtïduce 1 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`. \eom get` Mc smrvidie lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` smrà ehcif`terie mg ces téroiges prmvistes mg mst` cmy. Ces Decmfies preamsieg`cms pelràg erf`giz`r mc smrvidie y lispmgs`r `c decmfi`le du`gle mxist`g r`zegms qum ce kustiaiqumg. H. ^mrseg`c Mg ces téroiges y deg mc `cd`gdm prmvistes mg c` Cmy 0/0991 y mg ces tr`t`les y degvmgies igtmrg`dieg`cms sehrm c` o`tmri` mg ces qum Msp`ð` sm` p`rtm, tmglràg lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`; mliteri`c    }         dmp 6>6 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 `) Ces diul`l`ges msp`ðecms, ces g`dieg`cms lm ces lmoàs Mst`les oimohres lm c` ]giôg Murepm` y ces mxtr`gkmres qum sm mgdumgtrmg mg Msp`ð`, du`gle `drmlitmg igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r.  h) C`s Mgtil`lms Fmster`s y Tmrvidies Deougms lm c` Tmfuril`l Tedi`c, mg tele d`se. d) C`s sifuimgtms pmrseg`s kurïlid`s du`gle `drmlitmg igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r; 0.» @sedi`diegms lm uticil`l pûhcid`, prmvist`s mg mc `rtïduce 48 lm c` CE 0/8>>8, lm 88 lm o`rze, rmfuc`ler` lmc Lmrmdbe lm @sedi`diôg. 8.» Augl`diegms igsdrit`s mg mc Xmfistre ^ûhcide derrmspeglimgtm. l) Mg mc erlmg kurisliddieg`c sedi`c, `lmoàs, ces tr`h`k`lerms y  hmgmaidi`ries lmc sistmo` lm Tmfuril`l Tedi`c, Te di`c, t`gte p`r` c` lmamgs` mg kuidie deoe p`r` mc mkmrdidie lm `ddiegms p`r` c` mamdtivil`l lm ces lmrmdbes c`her`cms mg ces predmlioimgtes degdurs`cms. Lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` @sioisoe, mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` sm rmdegedm ` ces tr`h`k`lerms y hmgmaidi`ries lm c` Tmfuril`l Tedi`c p`r` ces citifies qum sehrm mst` o`tmri` sm sust`gdimg `gtm mc erlmg degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive. m) Mg mc erlmg degtmgdiese-`loigistr`tive, `sï deoe mg c` vï` `loigistr`tiv` prmvi`, ces diul`l`ges mxtr`gkmres qum `drmlitmg igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r tmglràg lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` cmtr`l` y ` c` lmamgs` y rmprmsmgt`diôg fr`tuit` mg ces predmlioimgtes qum puml`g ccmv`r ` c` lmgmf`diôg lm su mgtr`l` mg Msp`ð`, ` su lmvecudiôg e mxpucsiôg lmc tmrriterie msp`ðec, y mg teles ces predmlioimgtes mg o`tmri` lm `sice. a) Mg ces citifies citifies tr`gsaregtmrizes mg o`tmri` divic y omrd`gtic, c`s pmrseg`s aïsid`s degtmopc`l`s mg mc D`pïtuce QIII lm c` cmy (ms lmdir, c`s pmrseg`s aïsid`s, qum sm`g diul`l`ges lm c` ]M e g`dieg`cms lm tmrdmres p`ïsms qum rmsil`g cmf`comgtm mg uge lm ces Mst`les oimohres mxdmpte Lig`o`rd`), mg ces téroiges qum mg éc sm mst`hcmdmg. f) Deg iglmpmglmgdi` lm c` mxistmgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r, sm rmdegedm mc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, qum sm cms prmst`rà lm igomli`te, ` c`s vïdtio`s lm viecmgdi` lm fégmre, lm tmrrerisoe y lm tr`t` lm smrms buo`ges mg `qumcces predmses qum tmgf`g vigduc`diôg, lmrivmg e sm`g degsmdumgdi` lm su deglidiôg lm vïdtio`s, `sï deoe ` ces omgerms lm ml`l y c`s pmrseg`s deg lisd`p`dil`l igtmcmdtu`c e mgamroml`l omgt`c du`gle sm`g vïdtio`s lm situ`diegms lm `huse e o`ctr`te. 6>2   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` Mstm lmrmdbe lmrmdbe `sistirà t`ohiég ` ces d`us`b`himgtms d`us`b`himgtms mg d`se lm a`ccmdioimgte lm c` c` vïdtio`, vïdtio`, simoprm simoprm qum ge aumr`g p`rtïdipms mg ces bmdbes. @ ces mamdtes lm c` degdmsiôg lmc hmgmaidie hmgmaidie lm kustidi` fr`tuit`, c` deglidiôg lm vïdtio` vïdtio` sm `lquirirà du`gle sm aeroucm lmgugdi` e qumrmcc`, e sm igidim ug predmlioimgte pmg`c, per `cfuge lm ces lmcites ` qum sm rmaimrm mst` cmtr`, y sm o`gtmglrà oimgtr`s pmro`gmzd` mg vifer mc predmlioimgte pmg`c e du`gle, tr`s su aig`ciz`diôg, sm buhimrm lidt`le smgtmgdi` deglmg`teri`. Mc hmgmaidie lm kustiaid` fr`tuit` sm pmrlmrà tr`s c` airomz` lm c` smgtmgdi` `hsecuteri`, e lmc sehrmsmioimgte lmaigitive e previsieg`c per ge rmsuct`r `drmlit`les ces bmdbes lmcidtives, sig c` ehcif`diôg lm `heg`r mc destm lm c`s prmst`diegms lisarut`l`s fr`tuit`omgtm b`st` msm oeomgte. Mg ces listigtes predmses qum puml`g igidi`rsm deoe degsmdumgdi` lm c` c` deglidiôg lm vïdtio` vïdtio` lm ces lmcites ` qum sm rmaimrm mst` cmtr` y, mg mspmdi`c, mg ces lm viecmgdi` lm fégmre, lmhmrà smr mc oisoe `hef`le mc qum `sist` ` `qumcc`, simoprm qum deg mcce sm f`r`gtidm lmhil`omgtm su lmrmdbe lm lmamgs`. b) Deg iglmpmglmgdi` lm c` mxistmgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r, sm rmdegedm mc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi`  kurïlid` fr`tuit` ` quimgms ` d`us` lm ug `ddilmgtm `drmlitmg smdumc`s pmro`gmgtms qum cms cms iopil`g tet`comgtm c` rm`ciz`diôg lm c`s t`rm`s lm su edup`diôg c`her`c e preamsieg`c b`hitu`c y rmquimr`g c` `yul` lm etr`s pmrseg`s p`r` rm`ciz`r c`s `dtivil`lms oàs msmgdi`cms lm c` vil` li`ri`, du`gle mc ehkmte lmc citifie sm` c` rmdc`o`diôg lm iglmogiz`diôg per ces l`ðes pmrseg`cms y oer`cms suariles. i) Deg iglmpmglmgdi` lm c` c` mxistmgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r, citif`r, sm rmdegedm mc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi` `sistmgdi`  kurïlid` fr`tuit` ` c`s `sedi`diegms qum tmgf`g deoe aig c` preoediôg y lmamgs` lm ces lmrmdbes lm c`s vïdtio`s lmc tmrrerisoe, smð`c`l`s mg c` Cmy 89/8>00, lm 88 lm smptimohrm, lm rmdegedioimgte y pretmddiôg igtmfr`c ` c`s vïdtio`s lmc tmrrerisoe. 2.4 ^rmsupumstes p`r` c` ehtmgdiôg lmc lmrmdbe @. Xmfc` fmgmr`c `. Xmquisites hàsides Tm rmdegedmrà mc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` ` `qumcc`s pmrseg`s aïsid`s qum d`rmdimgle lm p`trioegie suaidimgtm dumgtmg deg uges rmdurses m igfrmses mdegôoides hrutes, deoput`les `gu`comgtm per teles ces degdmptes y per ugil`l a`oici`r, qum ge supmrmg ces sifuimgtms uohr`cms; `) 8 vmdms mc iglid`ler pûhcide lm rmgt` lm mamdtes oûctipcms (I^XMO), vifmgtm mg mc oeomgte lm mamdtu`r c` seciditul du`gle sm tr`tm lm pmrseg`s ge igtmfr`l`s mg gigfug` ugil`l a`oici`r.  h) 8 vmdms y omli` mc I^XMO vifmgtm mg mc oeomgte oe omgte lm mamdtu`r c` seciditul s eciditul du`gle sm tr`tm lm pmrseg`s igtmfr`l`s mg `cfug` lm c`s oel`cil`lms lm ugil`l a`oici`r deg omges lm < oimohres. d) Mc tripcm lm lidbe iglid`ler du`gle sm tr`tm lm ugil`lms ugil`lms a`oici`rms igtmfr`l`s per du`tre e oàs oimohres e qum tmgf`g rmdegedil` su deglidiôg lm a`oici` guomres` lm `dumrle deg c` gero`tiv` vifmgtm. ^`r` c` lmtmroig`diôg lmc degdmpte lm ugil`l a`oici`r mg sus livmrs`s oel`cil`lms sm mst`rà ` ce mst` hcmdile mg c` Cmy lmc Iopumste sehrm c` Xmgt` lm c`s ^mrseg`s Aïsid`s, mquip`ràglesm ` ces dôgyufms ge smp`r`les cmf`comgtm c`s p`rmk`s lm bmdbe degstituil`s lm degaeroil`l deg ces rmquisites qum cms aumr`g mxifihcms. Ces omlies mdegôoides smràg v`cer`les iglivilu`comgtm du`gle mc secidit`gtm `drmlitm c` mxistmgdi` lm igtmrmsms a`oici`rms degtr`pumstes mg mc citifie p`r` mc qum sm secidit` c` `sistmgdi`. mliteri`c    }         dmp 6>9 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 Mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` sece pelrà rmdegedmrsm ` quimgms citifumg mg lmamgs` lm lmrmdbes e igtmrmsms prepies, e `kmges du`gle tmgf`g augl`omgte mg ug` rmprmsmgt`diôg cmf`c. Mg mstm ûctioe d`se, ces rmquisites p`r` c` ehtmgdiôg lmc hmgmaidie vmglràg rmamriles `c rmprmsmgt`le. Tm rmdegedmrà mc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` ` c`s `sedi`diegms lm uticil`l pûhcid` y augl`diegms igsdrit`s, du`gle d`rmdimgle lm p`trioegie suaidimgtm mc rmsuct`le degt`hcm lm c` mgtil`l mg dôopute `gu`c aumsm igamrier ` c` d`gtil`l mquiv`cmgtm `c tripcm lmc I^XMO. h. Mxdcusiôg per oetives mdegôoides @ ces mamdtes lm deopreh`r c` igsuaidimgdi` lm rmdurses p`r` citif`r, sm tmglrà mg dumgt` `lmoàs lm c`s rmgt`s y etres himgms p`trioegi`cms e dirdugst`gdi`s qum lmdc`rm mc secidit`gtm, ces sifges mxtmrges qum o`giaimstmg su rm`c d`p`dil`l mdegôoid`, gmfàglesm mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` si lidbes sifges, lmsoigtimgle c` lmdc`r`diôg lmc secidit`gtm, rmvmc`g deg mvilmgdi` qum mstm lispegm lm omlies mdegôoides qum supmr`g mc cïoitm aik`le per c` cmy. ^`r` v`cer`r c` mxistmgdi` lm p`trioegie suaidimgtm sm tmglrà mg dumgt` c` tituc`ril`l lm himgms igoum hcms simoprm qum ge degstituy`g c` vivimgl` b`hitu`c lmc secidit`gtm, `sï deoe ces rmglioimgtes lmc d`pit`c oehici`rie. H. Mxdmpdiegms Mg `tmgdiôg `; - c`s dirdugst`gdi`s lm a`oici` lmc secidit`gtm, - gûomre lm bikes e a`oici`rms ` su d`rfe, - c`s t`s`s kulidi`cms y - etres destms lmriv`les lm c` igidi`diôg igidi`diôg lmc lmc predmse, u etr`s lm `gàcef` g`tur`cmz`, ehkmtiv`omgtm mv`cu`l`s y, mg tele d`se, du`gle mc secidit`gtm estmgtm c` deglidiôg lm `sdmglimgtm lm ug` a`oici` guomres` lm d`tmferï` mspmdi`c, c` [email protected] `gtm c` qum sm prmsmgtm c` seciditul pelrà degdmlmr mxdmpdieg`comgtm, omli`gtm rmsecudiôg oetiv`l`, mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c`s pmrseg`s duyes rmdurses m igfrmses, `ug supmr`gle ces cïoitms prmvistes, ge mxdml`g lmc quïgtupce lmc I^XMO, tmgimgle mg dumgt` `lmoàs c` d`rmgdi` lm p`trioegie suaidimgtm. Mg c`s oiso`s deglidiegms smð`c`l`s, sm pelrà rmdegedmr mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` `tmglimgle ` c`s dirdugst`gdi`s lm s`cul lmc secidit`gtm y ` c`s pmrseg`s deg lisd`p`dil`l smð`c`l`s mg mc `p`rt`le 8 `rtïduce 0 lm c` Cmy =0/8>>4, lm 8 lm lidimohrm, lm ifu`cl`l lm epertugil`lms, ge lisdrioig`diôg y `ddmsihicil`l ugivmrs`c lm c`s pmrseg`s deg lisd`p`dil`l, `sï deoe ` c`s pmrseg`s qum ces tmgf`g ` su d`rfe du`gle `dtûmg mg ug predmse mg su geohrm m igtmrés, simoprm qum sm tr`tm lm predmlioimgtes qum fu`rlmg rmc`diôg deg c`s dirdugst`gdi`s lm s`cul e lisd`p`dil`l qum oetiv`g mstm rmdegedioimgte mxdmpdieg`c. Mg t`cms d`ses, c` [email protected] derrmspeglimgtm lmtmroig`rà mxprms`omgtm qué prmst`diegms lm c`s degtmopc`l`s mg mc degtmgile o`tmri`c lmc lmrmdbe seg lm `pcid`diôg `c secidit`gtm. 2.< Degtmgile o`tmri`c lmc lmrmdbe Mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` deoprmglm c`s sifuimgtms prmst`diegms; 0 @smser`oimgte y erimgt`diôg fr`tuites prmvies `c predmse ` quimgms quimgms prmtmgl`g rmdc`o`r c` tutmc`  kulidi`c lm sus lmrmdbes m igtmrmsms, `sï deoe igaero` igaero`diôg diôg sehrm c` pesihicil` pesihicil`l l lm rmdurrir ` c` omli`diôg u etres omlies mxtr`kulidi`cms lm secudiôg lm degacidtes, mg ces d`ses ge prebihiles 60>   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` mxprms`omgtm per c` cmy, du`gle tmgf`g per ehkmte mvit`r mc degacidte predms`c e `g`ciz`r c` vi`hicil`l lm c` prmtmgsiôg. Du`gle sm tr`tm lm vïdtio`s lm viecmgdi` lm fégmre, lm tmrrerisoe y lm tr`t` lm smrms buo`ges, `sï deoe lm omgerms lm ml`l y c`s pmrseg`s deg lisd`p`dil`l igtmcmdtu`c e mgamroml`l omgt`c, mg ces téroiges mst`hcmdiles mg c` cmtr` f) lmc `rtïduce 8 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` deoprmglmrà `smser`oimgte y erimgt`diôg fr`tuites mg mc oeomgte igomli`t`omgtm prmvie ` c` igtmrpesidiôg lm lmgugdi` l mgugdi` e qumrmcc`. 8 @sistmgdi` lm `hef`le `c lmtmgile, prmse e ioput`le qum ge ce ce buhimr` lmsifg`le, p`r` du`cquimr licifmgdi` pecidi`c qum ge sm` degsmdumgdi` lm ug predmlioimgte pmg`c mg durse e mg su priomr` deop`rmdmgdi` `gtm ug ôrf`ge kurisliddieg`c, e du`gle mst` sm ccmvm ` d`he per omlie lm `uxicie  kulidi`c y mc lmtmgile, prmse prmse e ioput`le ge buhimrm lmsifg`le `hef`le mg mc cuf`r leglm sm prmstm. prmstm. Ifu`comgtm smrà lm `pcid`diôg lidb` `sistmgdi` cmtr`l` ` c` pmrseg` rmdc`o`l` y lmtmgil` deoe degsmdumgdi` lm ug` erlmg lm lmtmgdiôg murepm` qum ge buhimrm lmsifg`le `hef`le. Ge smrà gmdms`rie qum qum mc lmtmgile, prmse e ioput`le `drmlitm prmvi`omgtm d`rmdmr lm rmdurses, sig pmrkuidie lm qum si ge sm cm rmdegedm deg pestmrieril`l mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, lmh` `heg`r `c `hef`le ces beger`ries lmvmgf`les per su igtmrvmgdiôg. 4 Lmamgs` y rmprmsmgt`diôg fr`tuit`s per `hef`le y predur`ler mg mc predmlioimgte kulidi`c, du`gle c` igtmrvmgdiôg lm mstes preamsieg`cms sm` cmf`comgtm prmdmptiv` e, du`gle ge siéglece, sm` mxprms`omgtm rmqumril` per mc Kuzf`le e \rihug`c omli`gtm `ute oetiv`le p`r` f`r`gtiz`r c` ifu`cl`l lm c`s p`rtms mg mc predmse. < Igsmrdiôg fr`tuit` lm `gugdies e mlidtes, mg mc durse durse lmc predmse, qum prmdmptiv`omgtm prmdmptiv`omgtm lmh`g puhcipuhcid`rsm mg pmriôlides eaidi`cms. = Mxmgdiôg lmc p`fe p`fe lm t`s`s kulidi`cms, kulidi`cms, `sï deoe lmc p`fe lm lmpôsites gmdms`ries p`r` c` igtmrpesidiôg lm rmdurses. 1 @sistmgdi` pmridi`c pmridi`c fr`tuit` mg mc predmse ` d`rfe lmc pmrseg`c tédgide `lsdrite ` ces ôrf`ges kurisliddieg`cms, e, mg su lmamdte, ` d`rfe lm augdieg`ries, erf`gisoes e smrvidies tédgides lmpmglimgtms lm c`s @loigistr`diegms pûhcid`s. Mxdmpdieg`comgtm y du`gle per igmxistmgdi` igmxistmgdi` lm tédgides mg mg c` o`tmri` lm qum sm tr`tm, ge aumrm pesipesi hcm c` `sistmgdi` pmridi`c lm pmrites lmpmglimgtms lm ces ôrf`ges ôrf`ge s kurisliddieg`cms e lm c`s @loigistr`diegms pûhcid`s, mst` sm ccmv`rà ` d`he, si mc Kumz e mc \rihug`c ce mstio` pmrtigmgtm, mg rmsecudiôg oetiv`l`, ` d`rfe lm pmrites lmsifg`les lm `dumrle ` ce qum sm mst`hcmdm mg c`s cmyms predms`cms, mgtrm ces tédgides priv`les qum derrmspegl`g. Mc Kumz Kumz e \rihug`c pelrà `derl`r mg rmsecudiôg oetiv`l` qum c` `sistmgdi` pmridi`c mspmdi`ciz`l` fr`tuit` sm ccmvm ` d`he per preamsieg`cms tédgides priv`les du`gle lmh` prmst`rsm ` omgerms y pmrseg`s deg lisd`p`dil`l psïquid` qum sm`g vïdtio`s lm `huse e o`ctr`te, `tmglil`s c`s dirdugst`gdi`s lmc d`se y mc igtmrés supmrier lmc omger e lm c` pmrseg` deg lisd`p`dil`l, pulimgle prmst`rsm lm aero` igomli`t`. 6 Ehtmgdiôg fr`tuit` fr`tuit` lm depi`s, tmstioegies, tmstioegies, igstruomgtes y `dt`s get`ri`cms, mg ces téroiges prmvistes mg mc `rt. 04> lmc Xmfc`omgte Get`ri`c, sehrm pelmr p`r` pcmites, rmc`tives `c mst`le divic y rmqumriles per `sedi`diegms lm uticil`l pûhcid`. 2 Xmluddiôg lmc 2>% lm ces lmrmdbes `r`gdmc`ries qum qum derrmspegl`g per mc eterf`oimgte lm msdritur`s pûhcid`s y per c` ehtmgdiôg lm depi`s y tmstioegies get`ri`cms ge degtmopc`les mg mc gûomre `gtmrier, du`gle tmgf`g rmc`diôg lirmdt` deg mc predmse y sm`g rmqumriles per mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c mg mc durse lmc oisoe, e sirv`g p`r` c` augl`omgt`diôg lm c` prmtmgsiôg lmc hmgmaidi`rie lm c` kustidi` fr`tuit`. mliteri`c    }         dmp 600 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 9 Xmluddiôg lmc 2>% lm ces lmrmdbes `r`gdmc`ries qum derrmspegl`g per c` ehtmgdiôg lm get`s, dmrtiaid`diegms, `get`diegms, `simgtes m igsdripdiegms mg ces Xmfistres lm c` ^repiml`l y Omrd`gtic, du`gle tmgf`g rmc`diôg lirmdt` deg mc predmse y sm`g rmqumriles per mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c mg mc durse lmc oisoe, e sirv`g p`r` c` augl`omgt`diôg lm c` prmtmgsiôg lmc hmgmaidi`rie lm c` kustidi` fr`tuit`. 0> Ces lmrmdbes `r`gdmc`ries ` qum sm rmaimrmg ces `p`rt`les 2 y 9 ge sm pmrdihiràg du`gle mc igtmrms`le igtmrms`le `drmlitm igfrmses per lmh`ke lmc iglid`ler pûhcide lm rmgt` lm mamdtes oûctipcms. 2.= Mxtmgsiôg tmoper`c C` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` mg mc tr`gsdurse lm ug` oiso` igst`gdi` sm mxtimglm ` teles sus tràoitms m igdilmgdi`s, igdcuil` c` mkmdudiôg, pmre ge pelrà `pcid`rsm ` ug predmse listigte. Mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` sm o`gtmglrà p`r` c` igtmrpesidiôg y sudmsives tràoitms lm ces rmdurses degtr` c`s rmsecudiegms qum pegf`g aig `c predmse mg c` derrmspeglimgtm igst`gdi`. Du`gle c` deopmtmgdi` p`r` mc degedioimgte lm ces rmdurses ` ces qum sm rmaimrm mc `p`rt`le `gtmrier derrmspegl` ` ug ôrf`ge kulidi`c duy` smlm sm mgdumgtrm mg listigt` ced`cil`l, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi`, ug` vmz rmdihiles ces `utes kulidi`cms, rmqumrirà ` ces rmspmdtives Decmfies c` lmsifg`diôg lm `hef`le y, mg su d`se, predur`ler lm eaidie mkmrdimgtms mg lidb` smlm kurisliddieg`c. 2.1 Igsuaidimgdi` mdegôoid` sehrmvmgil` Ge sm rmdegedmrà mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` gi ` prmst`diegms listigt`s lm c`s secidit`l`s `c `dter ug` vmz prmsmgt`l` c` lmo`gl`, e `c lmo`gl`le ug` vmz aerouc`l` su degtmst`diôg, s`cve qum mg su seciditul `drmlitmg `gtm c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` qum c`s dirdugst`gdi`s y deglidiegms gmdms`ri`s p`r` ehtmgmr `qumc sehrmvigimreg deg pestmrieril`l ` c` lmo`gl` e degtmst`diôg, rmspmdtiv`omgtm. Mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` per dirdugst`gdi`s sehrmvmgil`s ge tmglrà d`ràdtmr rmtre`dtive. Ge predmlmrà c` seciditul lmc lmrmdbe du`gle mc predmse y` buhimr` aig`ciz`le omli`gtm rmsecudiôg airom, s`cve qum sm rmaimr` ` su mkmdudiôg. Du`gle mc `dter e mc lmo`gl`le prmtmgl`g mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe mg c` 8ª igst`gdi` sig b`hmrce secidit`le mg c` 0ª, lmhmràg `drmlit`r `gtm c` [email protected] qum c`s dirdugst`gdi`s y deglidiegms prmdis`s sehrmvigimreg mg mc durse lm c` 0ª igst`gdi` e deg pestmrieril`l ` mcc`. C` oiso` rmfc` smrà `pcid`hcm `c qum prmtmgl` mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe p`r` igtmrpegmr e smfuir mc rmdurse lm d`s`diôg rmspmdte lm c` smfugl` igst`gdi`. 2.6 ^redmlioimgte @. Ôrf`ge deopmtmgtm Mg d`l` d`pit`c lm previgdi`, mg c`s diul`lms lm Dmut` y Omcicc` y mg d`l` isc` mg qum mxist`g uge e oàs p`rtiles kulidi`cms, sm degstituirà ug` [email protected] deoe ôrf`ge rmspegs`hcm, mg su derrmspeglimgtm àohite tmrriteri`c, lm mamdtu`r mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe rmfuc`le mg c` Cmy. Ge ehst`gtm, mc ôrf`ge deopmtmgtm mg c` Deougil`l @utôgeo` pelrà lmtmroig`r ug àohite tmrriteri`c listigte p`r` c` Deoisiôg. @sioisoe, mg rmc`diôg deg ces Kuzf`les y \rihug`cms deg deopmtmgdi` mg tele mc tmrriterie g`dieg`c, sm degstituirà mg c` d`pit`c lmc Mst`le ug` Deoisiôg Dmgtr`c lm @KF lmpmglimgtm lm c` @loigistr`diôg Fmgmr`c lmc Mst`le. 608   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` `. Deopesidiôg lm c`s Deoisiegms lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` C` Deoisiôg Dmgtr`c lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` mst`rà deopumst` per ces Lmd`ges lmc Decmfie lm @hef`les y lmc Decmfie lm ^redur`lerms lm O`lril, e mc `hef`le e predur`ler qum mcces lmsifgmg, ug @hef`le lmc Mst`le y ug augdieg`rie lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` pmrtmgmdimgtm ` dumrpes e msd`c`s lmc suhfrupe @0. C` Deoisiôg smrà prmsilil` smomstr`comgtm per d`l` uge lm sus oimohres, ` mxdmpdiôg lmc augdieg`rie lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi`, quimg `dtu`rà deoe smdrmt`rie. C`s Deoisiegms lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` lmpmglimgtms lm c`s Deougil`lms @utôgeo`s mst`ràg igtmfr`l`s per mc Lmd`ge lmc Decmfie lm @hef`les y mc lmc Decmfie lm ^redur`lerms, e mc `hef`le e mc predur`ler qum mcces lmsifgmg, y per les oimohres qum lmsifgmg c`s @loigistr`diegms pûhcid`s lm c`s qum lmpmglmg. Mc ôrf`ge deopmtmgtm lm c` Deougil`l @utôgeo` lmtmroig`rà duàcms lm sus igtmfr`gtms lmsmopmð`ràg c` prmsilmgdi` y c` smdrmt`rï`. s mdrmt`rï`. Mg c`s Deoisiegms lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` lmpmglimgtms lm c` @loigistr`diôg Fmgmr`c lmc Mst`le, ces oimohres qum derrmspeglmg ` c` @loigistr`diôg pûhcid` smràg ug @hef`le lmc Mst`le y ug augdieg`rie, qum `dtu`rà deoe smdrmt`rie, pmrtmgmdimgtm ` dumrpes e msd`c`s lmc suhfrupe @0, deg lmstige mg c` Fmrmgdi` \mrriteri`c lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` derrmspeglimgtm e, mg su lmamdte, ug augdieg`rie lm ces dit`les dumrpes e msd`c`s qum prmstm sus smrvidies mg c` Lmcmf`diôg e Tuhlmcmf`diôg lmc Fehimrge lmc tmrriterie lm qum sm tr`tm. Mg c`s previgdi`s leglm mxist` oàs lm ug Decmfie lm @hef`les e lm ^redur`lerms, mc rmprmsmgt`gtm lm mst`s Derper`diegms mg c` Deoisiôg sm lmsifg`rà lm deoûg `dumrle per ces Lmd`ges lm `qumcces. DEO^ETIDIÔG LM [email protected] DEOITIEGMT LM @TIT\[email protected] K]XÏ[email protected] [email protected]\]I\@ î Deoisiôg Dmgtr`c lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` ^rmsilmgtm; 1 omsms d`l` uge lm ces oimohres Lmd`ges lmc Decmfie lm @hef`les lm O`lril Lmd`ges lmc Decmfie lm ^redur`lerms lm O`lril ]g @hef`le lmc Mst`le Tmdrmt`rie; ug augdieg`rie lmc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` lmc Frupe @ î Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` lmpmglimgtms lm c`s Deougil`lms @utôgeo`s Lmd`ge lmc Decmfie lm @hef`les Lmd`ge lmc Decmfie lm ^redur`lerms 8 oimohres qum lmsifgmg lm c`s @loigistr`diegms ^ûhcid`s lm c`s qum lmpmglmg Du`gle mc vecuomg lm `sugtes u etr`s dirdugst`gdi`s kustiaid`l`s ce `degsmkmg, pelràg drm`rsm Lmcmf`diegms lm c` Deoisiôg ^revigdi`c lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, deg c` deopesidiôg y àohite lm `dtu`diôg qum rmfc`omgt`ri`omgtm sm lmtmroigmg y f`r`gtiz`gle, mg tele d`se, c` beoefmgmil`l lm dritmries p`r` rmdegedmr mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`. h. Augdieg`oimgte lm c`s Deoisiegms lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` Mc augdieg`oimgte lm c`s [email protected] sm `kust`rà ` ce mst`hcmdile mg c` Cmy <>/8>0=, lm 0 lm edtuhrm, lm Xéfiomg Kurïlide lmc Tmdter ^ûhcide, p`r` ces ôrf`ges decmfi`les. mliteri`c    }         dmp 604 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 Mc Oigistmrie lm Kustidi` m Igtmrier prmst`rà mc sepertm `loigistr`tive y mc `peye tédgide gmdms`ries p`r` mc augdieg`oimgte lm c`s Deoisiegms lmpmglimgtms lm c` @loigistr`diôg Fmgmr`c lmc Mst`le. Ces Decmfies lm @hef`les y lm ^redur`lerms peglràg ` lispesidiôg lm c`s [email protected], c` cist` lm decmfi`les mkmrdimgtms `lsdrites ` ces smrvidies lm kustidi` fr`tuit`, deg iglid`diôg, mg su d`se, lm mspmdi`ciz`diegms. H. A`sms lmc predmlioimgte `. Teciditul Mc secidit`gtm lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` lmhmrà iglid`r duàcms seg c`s prmst`diegms igdcuil`s mg mc `rtïduce 1 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` duye rmdegedioimgte pilm. Mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` deopert`rà mg tele d`se c` mxmgdiôg lmc p`fe lm c`s t`s`s y lmpôsites prmvistes mg mc gûomre = lmc `rtïduce 1 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`. C` seciditul lmc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe pelrà aerouc`rsm ` ces seces mamdtes lm c` mxmgdiôg lmc p`fe lm c`s t`s`s y lmpôsites smð`c`les. Mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, qum pelrà deoprmglmr tel`s e `cfug`s lm c`s prmst`diegms prmvist`s mg mc `rtïduce 1 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, sm igst`rà per ces secidit`gtms `gtm mc Decmfie lm @hef`les lmc cuf`r mg qum sm b`ccm mc kuzf`le e trihug`c qum b`y` lm degedmr lmc predmse prigdip`c p`r` mc qum `quéc sm secidit`, e `gtm mc kuzf`le lm su leoidicie. Mg mstm ûctioe d`se, mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c l`rà tr`sc`le lm c` pmtidiôg `c Decmfie lm @hef`les tmrriteri`comgtm deopmtmgtm. C` seciditul pelrà prmsmgt`rsm per du`cquimr omlie, igdcuymgle ces prmvistes mg c` gero`tiv` lm `ddmse mcmdtrôgide lm ces diul`l`ges ` ces smrvidies pûhcides. Du`gle b`y` degdurrmgdi` lm citif`gtms mg ug predmse, mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi`  kurïlid` fr`tuit` lmhmrà smr igst`le iglivilu`comgtm iglivilu`comgtm per d`l` uge lm ces igtmrms`les. Du`gle deg `rrmfce ` c`s cmyms predms`cms, ces secidit`gtms lmh`g citif`r h`ke ug` sec` lmamgs` e rmprmsmgt`diôg, lmhmràg deoput`rsm, ` mamdtes lmc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe, c` tet`cil`l lm ces igfrmses y b`hmrms p`trioegi`cms lm ces secidit`gtms. Mg mstm d`se, si sm `drmlit`r` qum ces igfrmses y b`hmrms p`trioegi`cms lm d`l` uge lm ces secidit`gtms ge sehrmp`s`g ces uohr`cms prmvistes mg mc `p`rt`le 0 lmc `rtïduce 4 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, sm predmlmrà ` geohr`r `hef`le y, mg su d`se, predur`ler lmc turge lm eaidie qum lmhmràg `suoir c` rmprmsmgt`diôg y lmamgs` degkugt` lm teles mcces. Ti sm `drmlit`rm qum ces igfrmses y b`hmrms p`trioegi`cms lm `cfuge lm ces secidit`gtms qum lmh`g citif`r  h`ke ug` sec` lmamgs` e rmprmsmgt`diôg supmr`g ces uohr`cms prmvistes mg mc `p`rt`le 0 lmc `rtïduce 4 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` pmre ge `cd`gz`g mc quïgtupce lmc iglid`ler pûhcide lm rmgt` lm mamdtes oûctipcms, c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` pelrà lmtmroig`r duàcms lm c`s prmst`diegms mst`hcmdil`s mg mc `rtïduce 1 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` sm eterf`rà ` ces secidit`gtms. Du`gle mc destm lm c`s prmst`diegms rmdegedil`s buhimr` lm suar`f`rsm per v`ries citif`gtms, c` `pert`diôg lmc sistmo` lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` sm cioit`rà ` c` p`rtm preperdieg`c qum derrmspegl` ` c`s p`rtms ` c`s qum sm buhimr` rmdegedile mc lmrmdbe. Mg c` seciditul sm iglid`ràg lm aero` mxprms` c`s prmst`diegms p`r` c`s qum sm secidit` mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe, qum pelràg smr tel`s e `cfug`s lm c`s prmvist`s mg mc `rtïduce 1 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi`  Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` y sm b`ràg degst`r, `deop`ð`gle ces leduomgtes qum rmfc`omgt`ri`omgtm sm lmtmroigmg p`r` su `drmlit`diôg, ces l`tes qum pmroit`g `prmdi`r c` situ`diôg mdegôoid` y p`trioegi`c lmc igtmrms`le y lm ces igtmfr`gtms lm su ugil`l a`oici`r, sus dirdugst`gdi`s pmrseg`cms y a`oici`rms, c` prmtmgsiôg qum sm quimrm b`dmr v`cmr y c` p`rtm e p`rtms degtr`ri`s mg mc citifie, si c`s buhimrm. 60<   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` Mg c` prmsmgt`diôg lm c` seciditul sm igaero`rà `c secidit`gtm lm c` a`duct`l `trihuil` ` c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` p`r` c` degsuct` lm ces l`tes ` qum sm rmaimrm mc `rtïduce 06 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, t`gte lmc secidit`gtm deoe, mg su d`se, lm su dôgyufm e p`rmk` lm bmdbe, lmhimgle prmst`r teles ces `amdt`les mc degsmgtioimgte mg c` seciditul. Du`gle mc secidit`gtm lmc lmrmdbe ge mstuvimr` d`s`le e su o`trioegie buhimr` sile lisumcte e mstuvimr` smp`r`le cmf`comgtm lmhmrà degairo`r, omli`gtm lmdc`r`diôg kur`l`, qum d`rmdm lm p`rmk` lm bmdbe. Ti mc Decmfie lm @hef`les degst`t`r` qum mxistmg lmaidimgdi`s mg c` seciditul e qum c` leduomgt`diôg prmsmgt`l` rmsuct` igsuaidimgtm, ce deougid`rà `c igtmrms`le, aik`gle deg prmdisiôg ces lmamdtes e d`rmgdi`s `lvmrtil`s y c`s degsmdumgdi`s lm c` a`ct` lm suhs`g`diôg, rmquiriéglecm p`r` qum c` deopcmtm mg mc pc`ze lm limz lï`s bàhicms. \r`gsdurrile mstm pc`ze sig qum sm b`y` `pert`le c` leduomgt`diôg rmqumril`, mc Decmfie lm @hef`les `rdbiv`rà c` pmtidiôg. h. Lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c Ti lm c` seciditul y sus leduomgtes kustiaid`tives rmsuct` `drmlit`le qum mc pmtidieg`rie sm mgdumgtr` igdcuile mg mc àohite lm c` Cmy, mc Decmfie lm @hef`les, suhs`g`les ces lmamdtes `lvmrtiles, predmlmrà mg mc pc`ze oàxioe lm 0= lï`s, degt`le ` p`rtir lm c` rmdmpdiôg lm c` seciditul per lidbe Decmfie e lm c` suhs`g`diôg lm ces lmamdtes, ` c` lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c lm `hef`le, deougidàglece igomli`t`omgtm `c Decmfie lm ^redur`lerms ` aig lm qum, mg d`se lm smr prmdmptive, mg mc pc`ze oàxioe lm 4 lï`s, sm lmsifgm predur`ler qum `suo` c` rmprmsmgt`diôg. Mg mc d`se lm qum mc Decmfie lm @hef`les mstio`r` qum mc pmtidieg`rie ge duopcm c`s dit`l`s deglidiegms, e qum c` prmtmgsiôg prigdip`c degtmgil` mg c` seciditul ms o`giaimst`omgtm igsestmgihcm e d`rmgtm lm augl`omgte, getiaid`rà mg mc pc`ze lm = lï`s `c secidit`gtm qum ge b` mamdtu`le mc geohr`oimgte previsieg`c lm `hef`le y tr`sc`l`rà c` seciditul ` c` [email protected] Lmc mxpmlimgtm derrmspeglimgtm y c`s lmsifg`diegms previsieg`cms mamdtu`les, sm l`rà tr`sc`le mg mc pc`ze lm 4 lï`s ` c` [email protected] ` ces mamdtes lm su vmriaid`diôg y rmsecudiôg. Mg mc d`se lm qum mc Decmfie lm @hef`les ge lidt`r` rmsecudiôg `cfug` mg mc pc`ze lm 0= lï`s, mc secidit`gtm pelrà rmitmr`r su seciditul `gtm c` [email protected], c` du`c, lm oele igomli`te, rmd`h`rà mc mxpmlimgtm `c Decmfie lm @hef`les erlmg`gle, `c oisoe timope, c` lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c lm `hef`le y predur`ler, si mstm aumr` prmdmptive, y smfuirà, pestmrieromgtm, mc predmlioimgte aik`le mg mc `rt. 06 lm c` Cmy p`r` c` rmsecudiôg y getiaid`diôg. d. Tuspmgsiôg lmc durse lmc predmse • Xmfc` fmgmr`c C` seciditul lm rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` ge suspmglmrà mc durse lmc predmse e mxpmlimgtm `loigistr`tive. • Mxdmpdiegms Ge ehst`gtm, ` aig lm mvit`r qum mc tr`gsdurse lm ces pc`zes puml` preved`r c` prmdcusiôg lm ug tràoitm e c` iglmamgsiôg lm du`cquimr` lm c`s p`rtms, mc cmtr`le lm c` @K e mc ôrf`ge `loigistr`tive, lm eaidie e ` pmtidiôg lm mst`s, pelrà lmdrmt`r c` suspmgsiôg b`st` qum sm preluzd` c` lmdisiôg sehrm mc rmdegedioimgte e c` lmgmf`diôg lmc lmrmdbe ` citif`r fr`tuit`omgtm, e c` lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c lm `hef`le y predur`ler si su igtmrvmgdiôg aumr` prmdmptiv` e rmqumril` mg igtmrés lm c` kustidi`, simoprm s imoprm qum c` seciditul lmc lmrmdbe sm buhimr` aerouc`le mg ces pc`zes mst`hcmdiles mg c`s cmyms predms`cms e `loigistr`- mliteri`c    }         dmp 60= ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49 tiv`s. Mst` suspmgsiôg `amdt`rà t`ohiég `c pc`ze lm suhs`g`diôg ` qum sm rmaimrm mc `rt. 2.8 lm c` Cmy 0>/8>08, lm 8> lm gevimo hrm, per c` qum sm rmfuc`g lmtmroig`l`s t`s`s mg mc àohite lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` y lmc Igstitute G`dieg`c lm \exidecefï` y Dimgdi`s Aermgsms. Du`gle c` prmsmgt`diôg lm c` seciditul lmc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` sm rm`cidm `gtms lm igidi`r mc predmse y c` `ddiôg puml` rmsuct`r pmrkulid`l` per mc tr`gsdurse lm ces pc`zes lm prmsdripdiôg e d`ludil`l, mst`s quml`ràg igtmrruopil`s e suspmglil`s, rmspmdtiv`omgtm, b`st` c` lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c lm `hef`le y, lm smr prmdmptive, predur`ler lmc turge lm eaidie qum mkmrditmg c` `ddiôg mg geohrm lmc secidit`gtm: y si ge aumr` pesihcm rm`ciz`r mses geohr`oimgtes, b`st` qum rmd`if` rmsecudiôg lmaigitiv` mg vï` `loigistr`tiv`, rmdegedimgle e lmgmf`gle mc lmrmdbe. Mc dôopute lmc pc`ze lm prmsdripdiôg sm rm`gul`rà lmslm c` getiaid`diôg `c secidit`gtm lm c` lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c lm `hef`le per mc Decmfie lm @hef`les e, mg su d`se, lmslm c` getiaid`diôg lmc rmdegedioimgte e lmgmf`diôg lmc lmrmdbe per c` [email protected] y, mg tele d`se, mg mc pc`ze lm 8 omsms lmslm c` prmsmgt`diôg lm c` seciditul. Mg mc supumste lm qum mst` pmtidiôg buhimrm sile lmgmf`l`, aumrm dc`r`omgtm `husiv` y ûgid`omgtm msté prmerlmg`l` ` lic`t`r ces pc`zes, mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c qum degezd` lm c` d`us` pelrà deoput`r ces pc`zes mg ces mstridtes téroiges cmf`comgtm prmvistes, deg tel`s c`s degsmdumgdi`s qum lm mcce sm lmrivm. l. Xmsecudiôg y getiaid`diôg (mx. `rts. 06 y 02 Cmy 0/91) • Deopreh`diô Deopreh`diôg g lm l`tes y rmsecudiôg Iopert`gtm C` Deoisiôg pelrà eïr ` c` p`rtm e p`rtms degtr`ri`s mg mc pcmite e degtr` c`s qum sm prmtmgl` mkmrdit`r c` `ddiôg, du`gle sm`g degedil`s y sm mstiom qum pumlmg `pert`r l`tes p`r` degedmr c` rm`c situ`diôg mdegôoid` lmc secidit`gtm. 601 ^`r` vmriaid`r c` mx`dtitul y rm`cil`l lm ces l`tes mdegôoides y, mg mspmdi`c, lm c` igaero`diôg rmc`tiv` ` c`s rmgt`s y `c p`trioegie lmdc`r`les per mc secidit`gtm lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, igdcuymgle, mg su d`se, ces lm su dôgyufm e p`rmk` lm bmdbe, c` Deoisiôg rm`ciz`rà c`s deopreh`diegms y rmd`h`rà tmcmoàtid`omgtm tel` c` igaero`diôg qum mstiom gmdms`ri`s. Mst` igaero`diôg pelrà rmd`h`rsm, mg p`rtiduc`r, lm c` @loigistr`diôg \rihut`ri` derrmspeglimgtm, lmc D`t`stre, lm c` Tmfuril`l Tedi`c, `sï deoe lm ces Xmfistres lm c` ^repiml`l y Omrd`gticms e lm du`cmsquimr` etres rmfistres qum tmgf`g igaero`diôg rmc`dieg`l` deg ces iglidies ` qum sm rmaimrm mc `rt. 4, lmhimgle smr rmoitil` per omlies tmcmoàtides. C` @loigistr`diôg \rihut`ri` y c` Tmfuril`l Tedi`c a`dicit`ràg c` igaero`diôg gmdms`ri` mg mc o`rde lm ce mst`hcmdile mg su gero`tiv` mspmdïaid`.   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` C` Deoisiôg, ug` vmz mamdtu`l`s c`s deopreh`diegms `gtmrierms, lidt`rà rmsecudiôg, mg mc pc`ze oàxioe lm 4> lï`s, degt`les ` p`rtir lm c` rmdmpdiôg lmc mxpmlimgtm, rmdegedimgle e lmgmf`gle mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` y lmtmroig`gle duàcms lm c`s prmst`diegms seg lm `pcid`diôg ` c` seciditul. \r`gsdurrile lidbe pc`ze sig qum c` Deoisiôg b`y` rmsumcte mxprms`omgtm c` seciditul, quml`ràg r`tiaid`l`s c`s lmdisiegms qum prmvi`omgtm buhimr`g pelile `lept`r ces Decmfies lm @hef`les e lm ^redur`lerms, sig pmrkuidie lm c` ehcif`diôg lm rmsecvmr lm lidbe ôrf`ge lm degaeroil`l deg ce lispumste mg c` Cmy 49/8>0=, lm 0 lm edtuhrm, lmc ^redmlioimgte @loigistr`tive Deoûg lm c`s @loigistr`diegms ^ûhcid`s. • Getiaid`diôg C` rmsecudiôg sm getiaid`rà mg mc pc`ze deoûg lm 4 lï`s `c secidit`gtm, `c Decmfie lm @hef`les y, mg su d`se, `c Decmfie lm ^redur`lerms, `sï deoe ` c`s p`rtms igtmrms`l`s y sm deougid`rà `c Kuzf`le e \rihug`c qum msté degedimgle lmc predmse, e `c Kumz Lmd`ge lm c` ced`cil`l si `qumc ge sm buhimr` igidi`le. C`s deougid`diegms y getiaid`diegms prmvist`s mg mstm `rtïduce (`rt. 06 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`) sm mamdtu`ràg prmamrmgtmomgtm per omlies mcmdtrôgides y, mg tele d`se, du`gle `quécc`s tmgf`g cuf`r mgtrm @loigistr`diegms pûhcid`s, ôrf`ges kulidi`cms, preamsieg`cms lm c` kustidi`, Decmfies preamsieg`cms y c` Deoisiôg. Ti mc Decmfie lm @hef`les ge buhimr` lidt`le gigfug` rmsecudiôg, mc sicmgdie lm c` Deoisiôg smrà pesitive, predmlimgle ` pmtidiôg lmc igtmrms`le mc Kumz e \rihug`c qum degezd` lmc predmse e si c` seciditul sm rm`ciz` deg `gtmrieril`l ` c` igidi`diôg lmc oisoe mc Kumz Lmd`ge deopmtmgtm, ` lmdc`r`r mc lmrmdbe mg su igtmfril`l y ` rmqumrir ` ces Decmfies preamsieg`cms c` lmsifg`diôg previsieg`c lm `hef`le y predur`ler, mg su d`se. Mcce sig pmrkuidie lm ce qum rmsuctm lm c`s mvmgtu`cms iopufg`diegms degtr` t`c mstio`diôg prmsugt`. • Mamdtes lm c` rmsecudiôg rmsecudiôg Mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe sm `lmdu`rà ` c`s prmst`diegms secidit`l`s. Iopcid`rà c` degairo`diôg lm c`s lmsifg`diegms lm `hef`le y lm predur`ler, mg su d`se, mamdtu`l`s previsieg`comgtm per ces Decmfies preamsieg`cms. Ti, per mc degtr`rie, c` Deoisiôg lmsmstio`r` c` prmtmgsiôg, c`s lmsifg`diegms qum mvmgtu`comgtm sm buhimr`g rm`ciz`le quml`ràg sig mamdte y mc pmtidieg`rie lmhmrà, mg su d`se, `heg`r ces beger`ries y lmrmdbes mdegôoides ed`sieg`les per c` igtmrvmgdiôg lm ces preamsieg`cms lmsifg`les deg d`ràdtmr previsieg`c, mg ces oisoes téroiges prmvistes mg mc `rt. 86 lm c` Cmy lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`. m. Xmved`diôg lmc lmrmdbe C` lmdc`r`diôg mrrôgm`, mc a`csm`oimgte u educt`diôg lm l`tes per ces secidit`gtms lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, qum b`y`g sile lmtmroig`gtms p`r` mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe, l`ràg cuf`r, mg tele d`se, prmvi` `ulimgdi` lmc igtmrms`le, ` su rmved`diôg per p`rtm lm c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, omli`gtm rmsecudiôg oetiv`l`, qum, ` mstes aigms, tmglrà petmst`lms lm rmvisiôg lm l m eaidie. C` rmved`diôg degtmopc`l` mg mc pàrr`ae `gtmrier ccmv`rà degsife c` ehcif`diôg lmc p`fe lm teles ces beger`ries e lmrmdbes lmvmgf`les per ces preamsieg`cms igtmrvigimgtms lmslm c` degdmsiôg lmc lmrmdbe, `sï deoe lm c` d`gtil`l mquiv`cmgtm `c deste lm c`s lmoàs prmst`diegms ehtmgil`s mg r`zôg lm lidb` degdmsiôg, sig pmrkuidie lm c`s rmspegs`hicil`lms lm etre erlmg qum, mg su d`se, derrmspegl`g. Ti mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c qum degedimr` lm c` prmtmgsiôg mkmrdit`l` per mc hmgmaidi`rie lm c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` `prmdi`sm `huse lm lmrmdbe, tmomril`l, o`c` am e ar`ulm lm cmy mg su mkmrdidie, mg c` rmsecudiôg qum pegf` aig `c predmse lmdc`r`rà c` mxistmgdi` lmc oisoe, rmved`rà mc lmrmdbe lm kustidi` fr`tuit` y cm deglmg`rà ` `heg`r ces f`stes y dest`s predms`cms lmvmgf`l`s ` su igst`gdi`, mg ces téroiges lmc `p`rt`le `gtmrier. Lidb` rmved`diôg sm peglrà mg degedioimgte lm c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` mliteri`c    }         dmp 606 ^redmlioimgtes ^redmlioimg tes Kulidi`cms. H) ^redmlioimgt ^redmlioimgtes es Divicms. \mo` 49  Kurïlid` Fr`tuit` derrmspeglimgtm ` aig lm qum per c` @loigistr`diôg pûhcid` pûhcid` deopmtmgtm sm ehtmgf` mc rmmohecse, mg su d`se per c` vï` lm `prmoie, lm du`gt`s prmst`diegms sm buhimsmg ehtmgile deoe degsmdumgdi` lmc rmdegedioimgte lm su lmrmdbe ` citif`r fr`tuit`omgtm. a. Iopufg`diôg lm c` rmsecudiôg Puimgms sm`g tituc`rms lm ug lmrmdbe e lm ug igtmrés cmfïtioe pelràg iopufg`r c`s rmsecudiegms qum, lm oele lmaigitive, rmdegezd`g, rmvequmg e lmgimfumg mc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`. \`c iopufg`diôg, p`r` c` qum ge smrà prmdmptiv` c` igtmrvmgdiôg lm `hef`le, b`hrà lm rm`ciz`rsm per msdrite y lm aero` oetiv`l`, mg mc pc`ze lm limz lï`s lmslm c` getiaid`diôg lm c` rmsecudiôg e lmslm qum b`y` sile degedil` per du`cquimr` lm ces cmfitio`les p`r` igtmrpegmrc`, `gtm mc smdrmt`rie lm c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`. Mstm rmoitirà mc msdrite lm iopufg`diôg, kugte deg mc mxpmlimgtm derrmspeglimgtm ` c` rmsecudiôg iopufg`l` y ug` dmrtiaid`diôg lm mst`, `c kuzf`le e trihug`c deopmtmgtm e `c Kumz Lmd`ge p`r` su rmp`rte, si mc predmlioimgte ge sm buhimr` igidi`le. Xmdihile mc msdrite lm iopufg`diôg y ces leduomgtes y dmrtiaid`diôg ` qum `culm mc pàrr`ae `gtmrier, mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` rmqumrirà ` c`s p`rtms y `c @hef`le lmc Mst`le e `c Cmtr`le lm c` Deougil`l @utôgeo` derrmspeglimgtm du`gle lm mcc` lmpmgl` c` Deoisiôg lm @sistmgdi` Kurïlid` Fr`tuit`, p`r` qum mg mc pc`ze lm digde lï`s prmsmgtmg per msdrite c`s `cmf`diegms y prumh`s qum mstiomg epertug`s. Mc kumz e trihug`c pelrà `derl`r omli`gtm previlmgdi`, lm eaidie e ` igst`gdi` lm p`rtm, c` dmcmhr`diôg lm ug` deop`rmdmgdi` si c` iopufg`diôg ge pulimrm rmsecvmrsm deg ces leduomgtes y prumh`s `pert`les. Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` smð`c`rà lï` y ber` p`r` qum tmgf` cuf`r lmgtre lm ces limz lï`s sifuimgtms. Xmdihil`s c`s `cmf`diegms e aig`ciz`l` c` deop`rmdmgdi`, mg su d`se, mc kumz e trihug`c rmsecvmrà sig oàs tràoitms omli`gtm `ute mg mc pc`ze lm = lï`s, o`gtmgimgle e rmved`gle c` rmsecudiôg iopufg`l`, deg iopesidiôg lm ug` s`gdiôg pmdugi`ri` lm 4> ` 4>> mures ` quimg buhimrm preoevile c` iopufg`diôg lm o`gmr` tmomr`ri` e deg `huse lm lmrmdbe. Degtr` mc `ute lidt`le per mc kumz e mc trihug`c ge d`hrà rmdurse `cfuge. f. Xmqumrioimgte kulidi`c lm lmsifg`diôg lm `hef`le y predur`ler  Ti, degaerom ` c` cmfisc`diôg predms`c e `loigistr`tiv`, mc ôrf`ge kulidi`c qum msté degedimgle lmc predmse e mc ôrf`ge `loigistr`tive qum tr`oit`r` mc mxpmlimgtm mstio`rm qum, per c`s dirdugst`gdi`s e c` urfmgdi` lmc d`se, aumr` prmdise `smfur`r lm aero` igomli`t` ces lmrmdbes lm lmamgs` y rmprmsmgt`diôg lm c`s p`rtms, y `cfug` lm mcc`s o`giamst`r` d`rmdmr lm rmdurses mdegôoides simoprm qum mcce aumr` mxifihcm p`r` ehtmgmr mc lmrmdbe lm `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, lidt`rà ug` rmsecudiôg oetiv`l` rmquirimgle lm ces Decmfies preamsieg`cms mc geohr`oimgte previsieg`c lm `hef`le y predur`ler, du`gle c`s lmsifg`diegms ge buhimr`g sile rm`ciz`l`s deg `gtmrieril`l. Mc Cmtr`le lm c` @loigistr`diôg lm Kustidi` e mc ôrf`ge `loigistr`tive deougid`rà lidb` rmsecudiôg per mc omlie oàs ràpile pesihcm ` ces Decmfies lm @hef`les y lm ^redur`lerms, tr`oitàglesm ` degtigu`diôg c` seciditul smfûg ce prmviste mg ces `rtïduces prmdmlmgtms. 2.2 Deglmg` mg dest`s Ti mg c` rmsecudiôg qum pegf` aig `c predmse buhimr` pregugdi`oimgte sehrm dest`s, ` a`ver lm quimg ehtuve mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` e lm quimg ce tuvimr` cmf`comgtm rmdegedile, lmhmrà c` p`rtm degtr`ri` `heg`r c`s dest`s d`us`l`s mg c` lmamgs` y rmprmsmgt`diôg lm `quécc`. 602   mliteri`c    }         dmp Dest`s y f`stes predms`cms. @sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` Du`gle mg c` rmsecudiôg qum pegf` aig `c predmse aumr` deglmg`le mg dest`s quimg buhimr` ehtmgile mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` c` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` e quimg ce tuvimr` cmf`comgtm rmdegedile, éstm quml`rà ehcif`le ` p`f`r c`s d`us`l`s mg su lmamgs` y c`s lm c` p`rtm degtr`ri`, si lmgtre lm ces trms `ðes sifuimgtms ` c` tmroig`diôg lmc predmse vigimrm ` omker aertug`, quml`gle oimgtr`s t`gte igtmrruopil` c` prmsdripdiôg lmc `rtïduce 0.916 lmc Dôlife Divic. Tm prmsuom qum b` vmgile ` omker aertug` du`gle sus igfrmses y rmdurses mdegôoides per teles ces degdmptes supmrmg mc lehcm lmc oôluce prmviste mg mc `rtïduce 4, e si sm buhimr`g `ctmr`le sust`gdi`comgtm c`s dirdugst`gdi`s y deglidiegms tmgil`s mg dumgt` p`r` rmdegedmr mc lmrmdbe degaerom ` c` prmsmgtm Cmy. Cm derrmspeglmrà ` c` Deoisiôg c` lmdc`r`diôg lm si mc hmgmaidi`rie b` vmgile ` omker aertug` degaerom ` ce lispumste mg mc `rtïduce 09, pulimgle smr iopufg`l` c` rmsecudiôg qum lidtm mg c` aero` prmvist` mg mc `rtïduce 8>. Du`gle c` smgtmgdi` qum pegf` aig `c predmse ge degtmgf` mxprmse pregugdi`oimgte mg dest`s, vmgdimgle mg mc pcmite mc hmgmaidi`rie lm c` kustidi` fr`tuit`, lmhmrà éstm p`f`r c`s dest`s d`us`l`s mg su lmamgs`, simoprm qum ge mxdml`g lm c` tmrdmr` p`rtm lm ce qum mg éc b`y` ehtmgile. Ti mxdmlimrmg sm rmludiràg ` ce qum iopertm lidb` tmrdmr` p`rtm, `tmgliéglesm ` prerr`t` sus livmrs`s p`rtil`s. Du`gle sm rmdegezd` mc lmrmdbe ` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit` p`r` predmses mg ces qum predml` c` pmtidiôg lm «citis mxpmgs`sº y ést`s aumrmg degdmlil`s mg rmsecudiôg airom ` a`ver lm c` p`rtm qum citif` deg mc rmdegedioimgte lmc lmrmdbe ` `sistmgdi` kurïlid` fr`tuit`, mc Cmtr`le y predur`ler igtmrvigimgtms pelràg mxifir ` ést` mc p`fe lm sus beger`ries, b`st` mc iopertm tet`c lm c` p`rtil` `preh`l` kulidi`comgtm p`r` mstm degdmpte. Ehtmgile mc p`fe per ces preamsieg`cms lmsifg`les lm eaidie degaerom ` c`s rmfc`s degtmopc`l`s degt mopc`l`s mg ces `p`rt`les `gtmrierms, mst`ràg ehcif`les ` lmvecvmr c`s d`gtil`lms mvmgtu`comgtm pmrdihil`s deg d`rfe ` aegles pûhcides per su igtmrvmgdiôg mg mc predmse. mliteri`c    }         dmp 609