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Est Gest Jud Tl 48

Descripción: EST GEST JUD TL 48

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TOEB 48 Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi. Eodnks do pruofb. Zrkpksncnó`, bdensnó` k do`ombcnó`1 pruofb b`tncnpbdb1 prkpksncnó` o` oi bctk doi guncnk1 pruofb bckrdbdb «ox kllncnk±. Oi  guncnk krbi. Ib suspo`snó` doi guncnk krbi7 cbusbs y ck`socuo`cnbs [email protected] IOMNSIBTN\BS Ck`stntucnó` Ospbòkib, do 6= do dncnoefro do 2>=8, cuyb ÷itneb ekdnlncbcnó` so hb prkducndk pkr Volkreb doi brtåcuik 23?, do 6= do soptnoefro do 6:22 Vobi Docrotk do 24 do soptnoefro do 2886, pkr oi quo so bpruofb ib Ioy do O`guncnbeno`tk Crnen`bi, cuybs ÷itnebs ekdnlncbcnk`os so hb` prkducndk pkr Ioy Krmâ`ncb 23/6:2?, do ? do kctufro, do ekdnlncbcnó` do ib Ioy do O`guncnbeno`tk Crnen`bi pbrb oi  lkrtbiocne  lkrtb iocneno`tk no`tk do ibs mbrb` mbrb`tåbs tåbs prkco prkcosbios sbios y ib romui romuibcnó` bcnó` do ibs eodndbs do n`vostnmbcnó` toc`kiómncb, y pkr Ioy 42/6:2?, do ? do kctufro, do ekdnlncbcnó` do ib Ioy do O`guncnbeno`tk Crnen`bi  pbrb ib bmnin bmninzbcn zbcnó` ó` do ib gustnc gustncnb nb po`bi y oi lkrtb lkrtbiocne iocneno`tk no`tk do ibs  mbrb`tåbs  mbrb` tåbs prkcos p rkcosbios bios KFGOTN\KS Ostudnbr ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi Ck`kcor iks dnstn`tks eodnks do pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi Ostundnbr oi guncnk krbi y ibs cbusbs do suspo`snó` Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 2. IB ZV_OFB [email protected] OI ZVKCOSK [email protected] 2.2 Ck`coptk do pruofb po`bi So puodo doln`nr ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi, ckek bquoiib bctnvndbd prkcosbi dnrnmndb b ck`somunr ib cortozb doi Guoz k Trnfu`bi skfro dotoren`bdks oioeo`tks `ocosbrnks pbrb pkdor docndnr oi intnmnk skeotndk bi prkcosk. Os `ocosbrnk pkr tb`tk dnstn`munr o`tro ib pruofb y su kfgotk, os docnr, o`tro ib bctnvndbd prkfbtkrnb y oi hochk skfro oi quo so n`vostnmb, do eb`orb quo ib pruofb os procnsbeo`to ib robctubinzbcnó` k roproso`tbcnó` do tbi hochk. Bså, b eodndb quo oi Guoz k Trnfu`bi ro÷`o iks ebtornbios prkfbtkrnks roibtnvks bi ostbdk do ibs cksbs k ibs ck`ductbs do ibs porsk`bs quo sk` kfgotk do o`guncnbeno`tk o` oi prkcosk, nrâ lkreb`dk su crntornk hbstb quodbr ck`vo`cndk do ib oxnsto`cnb doi dointk y ib rospk`sbfnindbd doi butkr. O` ck`socuo`cnb, ib pruofb ib vornlncbcnó` do bquoiibs blnrebcnk`os hochbs o` oi prkcosk quo so robinzb eodnb`to iks oioeo`tks prkfbtkrnks do quo dnspk`o` ibs pbrtos y quo sk` n`ckrpkrbdks bi prkcosk b trbvîs do eodnks y ck` brromik b cnortbs mbrb`tåbs y prn`cnpnks. 2.6 Zrn`cnpnks ck`stntucnk`bios do ib pruofb po`bi Oi brt. 64.6 CO ostbfioco quo tkdks tno`o` dorochk bi Guoz krdn`brnk prodotoren`bdk pkr ib Ioy, b ib dolo`sb y b ib bsnsto`cnb do iotrbdk, b sor n`lkrebdks do ib bcusbcnó` lkreuibdb ck`trb oiiks, b u` prkcosk p÷finck sn` dnibcnk`os n`dofndbs y ck` tkdbs ibs mbrb`tåbs, b utninzbr iks eodnks do pruofb portn`o`tos pbrb su dolo`sb, b `k docibrbr ck`trb så enseks, b `k ck`losbrso cuipbfios y b ib prosu`cnó` do n`kco`cnb. Bhkrb b`binzbroeks iks bspoctks eâs dostbcbdks do osto brtåcuik, bså ckek ktrks procoptks ck`stntucnk`bios quo ostbfioco` prn`cnpnks fâsncks quo hb` do ostbr proso`tos o` oi prkcosk po`bi. B. Zrosu`cnó` do n`kco`cnb Ib prosu`cnó` do n`kco`cnb supk`o7 - Ruo hbstb quo `k rocbnmb u`b so`to`cnb lnreo hby quo pbrtnr do quo oi rok os n`kco`to. Soråb u`b so`to`cnb ck`stntutnvb7 `k os cuipbfio, hbstb quo `k hbyb so`to`cnb ck`do`btkrnb. - Ruo oi rok `k tno`o o` prn`cnpnk quo prkfbr `bdb. - Ruo ib prosu`cnó` do n`kco`cnb so vui`orb o` oi cbsk do quo so ck`do`o b u`b porsk`b sn` u`b eå`neb bctubcnó` prkfbtkrnb y quo bdoeâs do cbrmk, quo so puodb doducnr do oiib quo os cuipbfio. B dnloro`cnb doi snstoeb n`qunsntnvk, hky ostâ ck`stntucnk`binzbdk o` oi brt. 64 oi dorochk b `k docibrbr ck`trb så ensek y o` ck`socuo`cnb b mubrdbr snio`cnk. O` oi prkcosk po`bi o` ib bctubindbd rnmo oi snstoeb do infro vbikrbcnó` do ib pruofb. Ckek oi prkcosk po`bi, bu`quo rospk`do b ib dubindbd do pbrtos o` oi guncnk krbi, rnmo oi prn`cnpnk do klncnbindbd, pbrocåb n`horo`to b îi quo oi trnfu`bi pudnoso do klncnk prkpk`or pruofbs `k prkpuostbs pkr ibs pbrtos. F. Krbindbd y oscrnturb Bu`quo oi brtåcuik 26: do ib Ck`stntucnó` ostbfioco quo oi prkcosk sorâ prodken`b`toeo`to krbi sn os crnen`bi, hby quo dnstn`munr o`tro ib lbso do n`struccnó` quo ckrrospk`do b ib lkreb oscrntb, `k vui`orb oi brt. 26: pkrquo `k os u` butî`tnck prkcosk gudncnbi. ^ ib lbso do guncnk krbi, quo rospk`do b ib krbindbd, b ib ck`co`trbcnó` y b ib n`eodnbcnó`. 63:   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi C. Zufincndbd y socrotk Cub`dk hbfibeks do pufincndbd `ks rolorneks b ib pufincndbd mo`orbi. Oi socrotk os ik ck`trbrnk b ib pufincndbd mo`orbi. O` ib lbso do n`struccnó`, ibs bctubcnk`os to`drâ` cbrâctor rosorvbdk (som÷` oi brt. 3:2 do ib Ioy do O`guncnbeno`tk Crnen`bi ibs dninmo`cnbs doi suebrnk sorâ` rosorvbdbs y `k to`drâ` cbrâctor p÷finck hbstb quo so bfrb oi guncnk krbi, ck` ibs oxcopcnk`os dotoren`bdbs o` ib IOCrn). O` roibcnó` ck` ibs pbrtos o` oi prkcosk, oi brtåcuik 3:6 ostbfioco ckek romib mo`orbi quo ibs pbrtos porsk`bdbs pkdrâ` tkebr ck`kcneno`tk do ibs bctubcnk`os o n`torvo`nr o` tkdbs ibs dninmo`cnbs doi prkcodneno`tk. @k kfstb`to, sn oi dointk luoro p÷finck, pkdrâ oi Guoz do N`struccnó`, b prkpuostb doi En`nstornk Lnscbi, do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos porsk`bdbs k do klncnk, docibrbrik, eodnb`to butk, tktbi k pbrcnbieo`to socrotk pbrb tkdbs ibs pbrtos porsk`bdbs, pkr tnoepk `k supornkr b u` eos cub`dk rosuito `ocosbrnk pbrb7 b) ovntbr u` rnosmk mrbvo pbrb ib vndb, vndb, infortbd k n`tomrndbd låsncb do ktrb porsk`b1 k  f) provo`nr u`b sntubcnó` quo puodb ckeprkeotor do lkreb mrbvo oi rosuitbdk do ib n`vostnmbcnó` k doi prkcosk. Oi socrotk doi suebrnk doforâ bizbrso `ocosbrnbeo`to ck` bi eo`ks dnoz dåbs do b`toibcnó` b ib ck`ciusnó` doi suebrnk. Ruo oi suebrnk sob socrotk tno`o ckek kfgotk `k porgudncbr ib n`vostnmbcnó`. Vospoctk do ib lbso do guncnk krbi, som÷` oi brtåcuik <8:, iks dofbtos doi guncnk krbi sorâ` p÷fincks, fbgk po`b do `uindbd. Oi Guoz k Trnfu`bi pkdrâ bckrdbr, do klncnk k b n`stb`cnb do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos, provnb budno`cnb b ibs ensebs, quo tkdks k bimu`k do iks bctks k ibs sosnk`os doi guncnk so coiofro` b puortb corrbdb, cub`dk bså ik oxngb` rbzk`os do somurndbd u krdo` p÷finck, k ib bdocubdb prktoccnó` do iks dorochks lu`dbeo`tbios do iks n`torvn`no`tos, o` pbrtncuibr, oi dorochk b ib n`tnendbd do ib våctneb, oi rospotk dofndk b ib enseb k b su lbeninb, k rosuito `ocosbrnk pbrb ovntbr b ibs våctnebs porguncnks roiovb`tos quo, do ktrk ekdk, pkdråb` dornvbr doi dosbrrkiik krdn`brnk doi prkcosk. Sn` oefbrmk, oi Guoz k oi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi pkdrâ` butkrnzbr ib proso`cnb do porsk`bs quo bcrodnto` u` ospocnbi n`torîs o` ib cbusb. Ib b`tornkr rostrnccnó`, sn` porguncnk do ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik =:=, `k sorâ bpincbfio bi En`nstornk Lnscbi, b ibs porsk`bs iosnk`bdbs pkr oi dointk, b iks prkcosbdks, bi bcusbdkr prnvbdk, bi bctkr cnvni y b iks rospoctnvks dolo`skros. 6. EODNKS DO ZV_OFB. ZVKZKSNCNÓ@, BDENSNÓ@ K [email protected]Ó@1 ZV_OFB [email protected] ZVKZKSNCNÓ@ [email protected] OI BCTK DOI G_NCNK1 ZV_OFB BCKVDBDB «OX KLLNCNK± 6.2 Eodnks do pruofb So o`cuo`trb` romuibdks o` oi Cbpåtuik NNN doi Tåtuik NNN doi Infrk NNN do ib IOCrn. Zkdoeks dnstn`munr iks snmuno`tos eodnks do pruofb7 - Do ib ck`losnó` do iks prkcosbdks y porsk`bs porsk`bs cnvnieo`to cnvnieo`to rospk`sbfios - Doi oxbeo` do iks tostnmks - Doi n`lkreo porncnbi - Do ib pruofb dkcueo`tbi y do ib n`spoccnó` kcuibr Oi ostudnk do iks eodnks do pruofb so robinzb o` ib promu`tb doi toeb do`trk doi dosbrrkiik doi guncnk krbi odntkrnbi    }         cop 632 Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 6.6 Zrkpksncnó`, bdensnó` k do`ombcnó`1 do`ombcnó`1 pruofb b`tncnpbdb1 prkpksncnó` o` oi bctk doi guncnk1 pruofb bckrdbdb ’ox kllncnk― B. Zrkpksncnó`, bdensnó` k do`ombcnó` do`ombcnó` Oi En`nstornk Lnscbi y ibs pbrtos eb`nlostbrâ` o` sus rospoctnvks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó` ibs pruofbs do quo n`to`to` vbiorso, proso`tb`dk instbs do porntks y tostnmks quo hbyb` do docibrbr b su n`stb`cnb. O` ibs instbs do porntks y tostnmks so oxprosbrâ` sus `kefros y bpoiindks, oi bpkdk, sn pkr îi luoro` ck`kcndks, y su dkencnink k rosndo`cnb1 eb`nlostb`dk bdoeâs ib pbrto quo iks proso`to sn iks porntks y tostnmks hb` do sor cntbdks gudncnbieo`to k sn so o`cbrmb do hbcorios ck`currnr. Cbdb pbrto proso`tbrâ tb`tbs ckpnbs do ibs instbs do porntks y tostnmks cub`tbs sob` ibs doeâs porsk`bdbs o` ib cbusb, b cbdb u`b do ibs cubios so o`trombrâ u`b do dnchbs ckpnbs o` oi ensek dåb o` quo luoro` proso`tbdbs. Ibs instbs krnmn`bios so u`nrâ` b ib cbusb. Zkdrâ` podnr bdoeâs ibs pbrtos quo so prbctnquo` dosdo iuomk bquoiibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb quo pkr cubiqunor cbusb luoro do toeor quo `k so puodb` prbctncbr o` oi guncnk krbi, k quo pudnoro` ektnvbr su suspo`snó`. (brts. , oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb dnctbrâ dninmo`cnb to`no`dk pkr hochb ib cbinlncbcnó`, y bckrdbrâ pbsbr ib cbusb bi pk`o`to, pkr tîren`k do torcor dåb, pbrb oi oxbeo` do ibs pruofbs prkpuostbs. Dovuoitb quo sob ib cbusb pkr oi Zk`o`to, oi Trnfu`bi oxben`brâ ibs pruofbs prkpuostbs, o n`eodnbtbeo`to dnctbrâ butk bdentno`dk ibs quo ck`sndoro portn`o`tos y rochbzb`dk ibs doeâs. Zbrb rochbzbr ibs prkpuostbs pkr oi bcusbdkr prnvbdk, hbfrâ do sor kådk oi Lnscbi, sn n`torvn`noro o` ib cbusb. Ck`trb ib pbrto doi butk quo bdentb ibs pruofbs `k cbfo rocursk bimu`k1 ck`trb ib o` quo luoro rochbzbdb k do`ombdb ib prâctncb do ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb pkdrâ n`torpk`orso o` su dåb oi rocursk do cbsbcnó`, sn so propbrb kpkrtu`beo`to ck` ib ckrrospk`dno`to prktostb. B ib vnstb do osto Butk, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb ostbfiocorâ oi dåb y hkrb o` quo dofb` ckeo`zbr ibs sosnk`os doi guncnk krbi, ck` sugocnó` b ik ostbfiocndk o` oi brt. 286 do ib Ioy do O`guncnbeno`tk Cnvni. Iks crntornks mo`orbios y ibs ck`crotbs y ospocålncbs n`struccnk`os quo lngo` iks Zrosndo`tos do Sbib k Soccnó`, ck` brromik b iks cubios so robinzbrâ oi soòbibeno`tk, to`drâ` bsnensek o` cuo`tb7 636   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi 2· Ib prnsnó` doi doi bcusbdk1 6· Oi bsomurbeno`tk do su proso`cnb proso`cnb b dnspksncnó` gudncnbi1 3· Ibs doeâs eodndbs cbutoibros cbutoibros porsk`bios bdkptbdbs1 4· Ib prnkrndbd do ktrbs cbusbs1 ?· Ib ckepiogndbd do ib pruofb prkpuostb prkpuostb k cubiqunor cubiqunor cnrcu`stb`cnb ekdnlncbtnvb, som÷` hbyb` pkdndk dotoren`br u`b voz ostudnbdk oi bsu`tk k piontk do quo so trbto. O` tkdk cbsk, bu`quo `k sob pbrto o` oi prkcosk `n dofb n`torvo`nr, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb doforâ n`lkrebr b ib våctneb pkr oscrntk do ib lochb y iumbr do coiofrbcnó` doi guncnk F. Zruofb b`tncnpbdb B to`kr do ik ostbfiocndk o` oi brt. IOCrn) • Zorncnbi Vocusbcnó` do porntks Sn oi rock`kcneno`tk o n`lkreo porncnbios pudnoro` to`or iumbr do `uovk o` oi guncnk krbi, iks porntks `kefrbdks `k pkdrâ` sor rocusbdks pkr ibs pbrtos. Sn `k pudnoro roprkducnrso o` oi guncnk krbi, hbfrâ iumbr b ib rocusbcnó`. f. Ib pruofb prock`stntundb Ib pruofb prock`stntundb ostâ lkrebdb pkr iks bctks robinzbdks o` ib lbso do n`struccnó`, do nepksnfio roprkduccnó` o` oi bctk doi guncnk, b iks quo so btrnfuyo olncbcnb prkfbtkrnb sn so cuepio` dotoren`bdbs mbrb`tåbs. Zkdrâ` tbefnî` ioorso k roprkducnrso b n`stb`cnb do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos ibs dninmo`cnbs prbctncbdbs o` oi suebrnk, quo, pkr cbusbs n`dopo`dno`tos do ib vkiu`tbd do bquoiibs, `k puodb` sor roprkducndbs o` oi guncnk krbi, y ibs docibrbcnk`os rocnfndbs do ck`lkrendbd ck` ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik 448 durb`to ib lbso do n`vostnmbcnó` b ibs våctnebs eo`kros do odbd y b ibs våctnebs ck` dnscbpbcndbd `ocosntbdbs do ospocnbi prktoccnó` (brt. =3: IOCrn). C. Zrkpksncnó` o` oi bctk doi guncnk guncnk O` oi guncnk krdn`brnk, ib romib mo`orbi pbrb ib prkpksncnó` do pruofbs so rockmo o` iks brts. IOCrn so oxcopt÷b` do ik b`tornkr7 2.· Iks cbroks do iks tostnmks o`tro så k ck` iks prkcosbdks k o`tro ostks, quo oi Zrosndo`to bcuordo do klncnk, k b prkpuostb do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos. 3.· Ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb do cubiqunorb cibso quo o` oi bctk klrozcb` ibs pbrtos pbrb bcrodntbr bimu`b cnrcu`stb`cnb quo puodb n`liunr o` oi vbikr prkfbtkrnk do ib docibrbcnó` do u` tostnmk, sn oi Trnfu`bi ibs ck`sndorb bdensnfios. D. Zruofb bckrdbdb ’ox kllncnk― Oi prkpnk brt. =6> IOCrn oxcopcnk`b tbefnî` o` su bptdk. 6· ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb `k prkpuostbs pkr `n`mu`b do ibs pbrtos, quo oi Trnfu`bi ck`sndoro `ocosbrnbs pbrb ib ckeprkfbcnó` do cubiqunorb do iks hochks quo hbyb` sndk kfgotk do iks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó`. So trbtb pkr tb`tk do u`b pruofb quo rocboråb skfro iks hochks cuyb oxnsto`cnb yb hb sndk ck`stbtbdb pkr ktrks eodnks prkfbtkrnks. Ostb pksnfnindbd so dornvb do ib lbcuitbd quo tno`o oi trnfu`bi pbrb ib ckeprkfbcnó` do iks hochks, sn` quo `k kfstb`to puodb ck`vortnrso pkr oiik o` bcusbdkr k dolo`skr. Bdoeâs, oi Trnfu`bi Suproek, bdento ostb pksnfnindbd ck` tbi do quo oi trnfu`bi ckepruofo iks hochks quo bpbrozcb` yb o` ib cbusb, do suorto quo `k bicb`zb b sustntunr ib bctnvndbd prkfbtkrnb do ibs pbrtos skfro ib oxnsto`cnb do tbios hochks, sn`k quo so hb doinentbrso b vornlncbr ib lnbfnindbd do ibs pruofbs bpkrtbdbs pkr ibs pbrtos o` roibcnó` ck` tbios hochks. O` doln`ntnvb, ib n`ncnbtnvb quo bi Trnfu`bi btrnfuyo oi brt. =6>.6· IOCrn puodo sor ck`sndorbdb ckek ’pruofb skfro ib pruofb―, quo `k tno`o ib ln`bindbd do prkfbr hochks lbvkrbfios k doslbvkrbfios sn`k do vornlncbr su oxnsto`cnb o` oi prkcosk, pkr ik quo puodo ck`sndorbrso `outrbi y rospotuksb ck` oi prn`cnpnk bcusbtkrnk, quo nepk`o ib cbrmb do ib pruofb b ib bcusbcnó`. Ln`bieo`to, oi brt. =6>.6· IOCrn, ckek hb dostbcbdk euy rocno`toeo`to ib dkctrn`b os puos cbuco pbrb docndnr ib prâctncb do dotoren`bdbs pruofbs cuyb `ocosndbd `bco doi cursk do iks dofbtos. ^ o` oi ensek so`tndk oi Trnfu`bi Ck`stntucnk`bi, hb rontorbdk quo sn fno` ib mbrb`tåb do ib nepbrcnbindbd kfgotnvb oxnmo, o` tkdk cbsk, quo ck` su n`ncnbtnvb oi guzmbdkr `k oepro`db u`b bctnvndbd n`qunsntnvb o`cufnortb, sn` oefbrmk, ostk `k snm`nlncb quo oi Guoz to`mb ck`stntucnk`bieo`to vodbdb tkdb bctnvndbd prkcosbi do nepuisk prkfbtkrnk, pkr ogoepik, rospoctk do iks hochks kfgotk do iks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó` k ckek ckepioeo`tk pbrb ck`trbstbr k vornlncbr ib lnbfnindbd do ibs pruofbs do iks hochks prkpuostks pkr ibs pbrtos. O` oloctk, ib oxcopcnk`bi lbcuitbd gudncnbi do prkpk`or ib prâctncb do pruofbs, provnstb iombieo`to o` oi brt. =6>.6 IOCrn, `k puodo ck`sndorbrso por so iosnvb do iks dorochks ck`stntucnk`bios biombdks, puos ostb dnspksncnó` snrvo bi dosnm`nk do ckeprkfbr ib cortozb do oioeo`tks do hochk quo porentb` bi guzmbdkr iiombr b lkrebr, ck` ibs dofndbs mbrb`tåbs, oi crntornk procnsk pbrb dnctbr So`to`cnb (brt. =42 IOCrn), o` oi ogorcncnk do ib lu`cnó` gurnsdnccnk`bi quo io os prkpnb (brt. 22=.3 CO). 3. OI G_NCNK KVBI 3.2 N`trkduccnó` B. Ck`coptk Lbso doi prkcodneno`tk po`bi o` ib quo b trbvîs do u`b vnstb krbi y p÷fincb so dosbrrkiib ib prâctncb do ib pruofb, biomb`dk ibs pbrtos ik quo ostneo` kpkrtu`k skfro oi kfgotk doi prkcosk, ck` oi ln` do quo oi  guoz k trnfu`bi puodb lkrebr ck`vnccnó` pbrb pbrb pkdor dnctbr so`to`cnb. odntkrnbi    }         cop 63? Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 F. Zrn`cnpnks quo ik n`lkreb` n`lkreb` (dosdo ibs oxnmo`cnbs doi brt. 64 CO) b. Ck`co`trbcnó` o n`eodnbcnó` Oi prneork nepincb quo iks dofbtos ck`tn`ubrâ` durb`to tkdbs ibs sosnk`os `ocosbrnbs hbstb su ck`ciusnó`. Oi somu`dk, quo tkdbs ibs pruofbs so prbctncbrâ` (sbivk pruofb b`tncnpbdb k prock`stntundb), o` oi bctk doi guncnk krbi b proso`cnb doi trnfu`bi. tr nfu`bi. f. Nmubidbd do pbrtos y ck`trbdnccnó` Ck`lkreo bi prneork, ibs pbrtos bct÷b` o` pno do nmubidbd, dnspk`no`dk do ndî`tncbs pksnfnindbdos do n`torvo`cnó`. Ck`lkreo` bi do ck`trbdnccnó`, so hbco `ocosbrnb ib proso`cnb do ibs pbrtos, pudno`dk bctubr o` tkdks iks bctks. c. Zufincndbd y krbindbd Ibs bctubcnk`os gudncnbios sorâ` p÷fincbs, ck` ibs oxcopcnk`os quo provob` ibs ioyos do prkcodneno`tk. Oi prkcodneno`tk sorâ prodken`b`toeo`to krbi, skfro tkdk o` ebtornb crnen`bi. Oi brtåcuik 64.6 CO rock`kco o`tro sus mbrb`tåbs oi dorochk b ’u` prkcosk p÷finck, sn` dnibcnk`os n`dofndbs y ck` tkdbs ibs mbrb`tåbs―. Zkr tb`tk, ib oxnmo`cnb do pufincndbd so ck`lnmurb ckek u` dorochk lu`dbeo`tbi, suscoptnfio do bepbrk ck`stntucnk`bi. Os pkr oiik pkr ik quo ib coiofrbcnó` do ib vnstb b puortb corrbdb tno`o u` cbrâctor oxcopcnk`bi y hb do dnctbrso o` roskiucnó` ektnvbdb o` iks tîren`ks doi brtåcuik <82.2 IOCrn. Oi  Guoz k Trnfu`bi pkdrâ bckrdbr, do klncnk k b n`stb`cnb do cubiqunorb do ibs ibs pbrtos, provnb budno`cnb budno`cnb b ibs ensebs, quo tkdks k bimu`k do iks bctks k ibs sosnk`os doi guncnk so coiofro` b puortb corrbdb, cub`dk bså ik oxngb` rbzk`os do somurndbd u krdo` p÷finck, k ib bdocubdb prktoccnó` do iks dorochks lu`dbeo`tbios do iks n`torvn`no`tos, o` pbrtncuibr, oi dorochk b ib n`tnendbd do ib våctneb, oi rospotk dofndk b ib enseb k b su lbeninb, k rosuito `ocosbrnk pbrb ovntbr b ibs våctnebs porguncnks roiovb`tos quo, do ktrk ekdk, pkdråb` dornvbr doi dosbrrkiik krdn`brnk doi prkcosk. Sn` oefbrmk, oi Guoz k oi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi pkdrâ` butkrnzbr ib proso`cnb do porsk`bs quo bcrodnto` u` ospocnbi n`torîs o` ib cbusb. Ib b`tornkr rostrnccnó`, sn` porguncnk do ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik =:= IOCrn (pbrb ib docibrbcnó` do eo`kros y våctnebs doi dointk), `k sorâ bpincbfio bi En`nstornk Lnscbi, b ibs porsk`bs iosnk`bdbs pkr oi dointk, b iks prkcosbdks, bi bcusbdkr prnvbdk, bi bctkr cnvni y b iks rospoctnvks dolo`skros. d. Zrn`cnpnk do proso`cnb Ib proso`cnb do ibs pbrtos y sus dolo`skros os ck`sustb`cnbi b iks prn`cnpnks do krbindbd, pufincndbd y ck`trbdnccnó`1 to`no`dk o` cuo`tb quo rospoctk doi prkcosbdk su proso`cnb so nepk`o ckek u` dorochk y u`b kfinmbcnó`, ostk `k kfstb quo puodb bckrdbrso su oxpuisnó` o` iks tîren`ks doi brtåcuik <8= IOCrn.7 Cub`dk oi bcusbdk bitoro oi krdo` ck` u`b ck`ductb n`ck`vo`no`to y porsnstb o` oiib b posbr do ibs bdvorto`cnbs doi Zrosndo`to y doi bporcnfneno`tk do hbcorio bfb`dk`br oi ikcbi, oi Trnfu`bi pkdrâ docndnr quo sob oxpuisbdk pkr cnortk tnoepk k pkr tkdb ib durbcnó` do ibs sosnk`os, ck`tn`ub`dk ostbs o` su buso`cnb. C. Lbcuitbdos do ib Zrosndo`cnb Zrosndo`cnb durb`to oi guncnk krbi (brts. <83 b <8= IOCrn) - Oi Zrosndo`to Zrosndo`to dnrnmnrâ iks dofbtos cundb`dk do nepodnr ib ibss dnscusnk`os neportn`o`tos neportn`o`tos y quo `k ck`duzcb` bi oscibrocneno`tk do ib vordbd, sn` ckbrtbr pkr ostk b iks dolo`skros ib infortbd `ocosbrnb pbrb ib dolo`sb. 63<   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi - Oi Zrosndo`to to`drâ tkdbs ibs lbcuitbdos `ocosbrnbs pbrb ck`sorvbr k rostbfiocor oi krdo` o` ibs sosnk`os y eb`to`or oi rospotk dofndk bi Trnfu`bi y b iks doeâs pkdoros p÷fincks, pudno`dk ckrromnr o` oi bctk ck` euitb do ?.::: b 6?.::: posotbs (o`tnî`dbso hky euitb do 3:,:? b 2?:,6? ourks), ibs n`lrbccnk`os quo `k ck`stntuyb` dointk, k quo `k to`mb` soòbibdb o` ib Ioy u`b ckrroccnó` ospocnbi. Oi Zrosndo`to Zrosndo`to iibebrâ bi krdo` b tkdbs ibs porsk`bs quo ik bitoro`, y pkdrâ hbcoribs sbinr doi ikcbi sn ik ck`sndorbro kpkrtu`k, sn` porguncnk do ib euitb b quo so rolnoro oi brtåcuik b`tornkr. Zkdrâ tbefnî` bckrdbr quo so doto`mb o` oi bctk b cubiqunorb quo doin`qunoro doin`qunoro durb`to ib sosnó`, pk`nî`dkio b dnspksncnó` doi Guzmbdk ckepoto`to. Tkdks iks ck`curro`tos bi guncnk krbi, cubiqunorb quo sob ib cibso b quo porto`ozcb`, sn` oxciunr oxciunr b iks enintbros, quodb` skeotndks b ib gurnsdnccnó` dnscnpin`brnb doi Zrosndo`to. Sn turfbro` oi krdo` ck` u` bctk quo ck`stntuyb` dointk, sorâ` oxpuisbdks doi ikcbi y o`trombdks b ib Butkrndbd ckepoto`to. - Tkdb porsk`b n`torrkmbdb k quo dnrngb ib pbibfrb bi Trnfu`bi doforâ hbfibr do pno. So oxcopt÷b` oxcopt÷b` oi En`nstornk Lnscbi, iks dolo`skros do ibs pbrtos y ibs porsk`bs b quno`os quno`os oi Zrosndo`to dnspo`so do ostb kfinmbcnó` pkr rbzk`os rbzk `os ospocnbios. - So prkhåfo` ibs euostrbs do bprkfbcnó` k do dosbprkfbcnó`. - Cub`dk oi bcusbdk bitoro oi oi krdo` ck` u`b ck`ductb n`ck`vo`no`to n`ck`vo`no`to y porsnstb porsnstb o` oiib oiib b posbr do ibs bdvorto`cnbs doi Zrosndo`to y doi bporcnfneno`tk do hbcorio bfb`dk`br oi ikcbi, oi Trnfu`bi pkdrâ docndnr quo sob oxpuisbdk pkr cnortk tnoepk k pkr tkdb ib durbcnó` do ibs sosnk`os, ck`tn`ub`dk ostbs o` su buso`cnb. 3.6 Zropbrbcnó` doi Guncnk Krbi B. Cbinlncbcnó` doi dointk b. Oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó` prkvnsnk`bi Cub`dk so eb`do bfrnr oi guncnk krbi, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb ckeu`ncbrâ ib cbusb bi Lnscbi, k bi bcusbdkr prnvbdk sn vorsb skfro dointk quo `k puodb sor porsomundk do klncnk, pbrb quo o` oi tîren`k do cn`ck dåbs cbinlnquo` pkr oscrntk iks hochks. Dnctbdb quo sob ostb roskiucnó`, sorâ` p÷fincks tkdks iks bctks doi prkcosk. Oi oscrntk do cbinlncbcnó` so inentbrâ b dotoren`br o` ck`ciusnk`os procnsbs y `ueorbdbs7 2ª Iks hochks pu`nfios pu`nfios quo rosuito` doi suebrnk. 6ª Ib cbinlncbcnó` iombi iombi do iks enseks hochks, hochks, dotoren`b`dk oi dointk dointk quo ck`stntuyb. 3ª Ib pbrtncnpbcnó` quo o` o` oiiks hufnoro` to`ndk oi prkcosbdk k prkcosbdks, sn luoro` vbrnks. 4ª Iks hochks quo rosuito` doi suebrnk y quo ck`stntuyb` cnrcu`stb`cnbs bto`ub`tos k bmrbvb`tos doi dointk k oxneo`tos do rospk`sbfnindbd crnen`bi. ?ª Ibs po`bs o` quo hbyb` n`currndk oi prkcosbdk k prkcosbdks, sn luoro` vbrnks, pkr rbzó` do su rospoctnvb pbrtncnpbcnó` o` oi dointk. Oi bcusbdkr prnvbdk o` su cbsk, y oi En`nstornk Lnscbi cub`dk sksto`mb ib bccnó` cnvni, oxprosbrâ`, bdoeâs7 2· Ib cb`tndbd o` quo bprocno` iks dbòks y porguncnks cbusbdks pkr oi dointk, dointk, k ib cksb quo hbyb do sor rostntundb. odntkrnbi    }         cop 63= Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 6· Ib porsk`b k porsk`bs quo bpbrozcb` rospk`sbfios do iks dbòks y porguncnks k do ib rostntucnó` do ib cksb, y oi hochk o` vnrtud doi cubi hufnoro` ck`trbådk ostb rospk`sbfnindbd. Dovuoitb ib cbusb pkr oi Lnscbi, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb ib pbsbrâ pkr nmubi tîren`k y ck` oi ensek kfgotk bi bcusbdkr pbrtncuibr, sn ik hufnoro, quno` proso`tbrâ oi oscrntk do cbinlncbcnó`, lnrebdk pkr su Bfkmbdk y Zrkcurbdkr o` ib lkreb b`tornkreo`to n`dncbdb. Sn hufnoro bctkr cnvni, so io pbsbrâ ib cbusb o` cub`tk sob dovuoitb pkr oi Lnscbi k bcusbdkr pbrtncuibr pbrb quo, b su voz, o` tîren`k nmubi bi lngbdk o` iks brtåcuiks b`tornkros y ck` ndî`tncb lkrebindbd, proso`to ck`ciusnk`os `ueorbdbs b`tornkreo`to. Bto`cnó` Zkr oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb so n`torosbrâ ib dosnm`bcnó` bi oloctk do Bfkmbdk y Zrkcurbdkr, sn `k iks tuvnoso`. Somundbeo`to oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb ckeu`ncbrâ ib cbusb b iks prkcosbdks y b ibs torcorbs porsk`bs cnvnieo`to rospk`sbfios, pbrb quo o` nmubi tîren`k y pkr su krdo` eb`nlnosto` tbefnî`, pkr ck`ciusnk`os `ueorbdbs y ckrroibtnvbs b ibs do ib cbinlncbcnó` quo b oiiks so rolnorb, sn ostâ` k `k ck`lkreos ck` cbdb u`b, k o` ktrk cbsk ck`snm`o` iks pu`tks do dnvormo`cnb. f. Bdensnó` o n`bdensnó` do pruofbs So prkcodo som÷` hoeks vnstk o` oi opåmrblo 6.6, bpbrtbdk B, do osto toeb. c. Cntbcnk`os Oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb oxpodnrâ iks oxhkrtks k eb`dbeno`tks `ocosbrnks pbrb ib cntbcnó` do iks porntks y tostnmks quo ib pbrto hufnoso dosnm`bdk ck` osto kfgotk. Iks oxhkrtks k eb`dbeno`tks sorâ` roentndks do klncnk pbrb su cuepineno`tk, b `k sor quo ib pbrto pndb quo so io o`tromuo`. O` osto cbsk, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb soòbibrâ u` pibzk do`trk doi cubi hbfrâ hbfr â do dovkivoriks cuepineo`tbdks. Ibs cntbcnk`os do porntks y tostnmks so prbctncbrâ` o` ib lkreb ostbfiocndb o` oi Tåtuik \NN Infrk Zrneork do ib IOCrn (Do ibs `ktnlncbcnk`os, cntbcnk`os y oepibzbeno`tks) Iks porntks y tostnmks cntbdks quo `k ckepbrozcb`, sn` cbusb iomåtneb quo so ik nepndb, n`currnrâ` o` ib euitb soòbibdb o` oi `÷eork ?· doi brt. 2=?, quo os do 6:: b ?.::: ourks. Sn vuoitks b cntbr dogbro` tbefnî` do ckepbrocor, sorâ` prkcosbdks pkr oi dointk do kfstruccnó` b ib gustncnb, tnpnlncbdk o` oi brt. 4<3.2 doi Códnmk Zo`bi. Oi Trnfu`bi dnspk`drâ tbefnî` quo iks prkcosbdks quo so hbiio` prosks sob` n`eodnbtbeo`to ck`ducndks b ib cârcoi do ib pkfibcnó` o` quo hbyb do ck`tn`ubrso oi guncnk, cntâ`dkios oi 638   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb pbrb oi ensek, bså ckek b iks quo ostuvnoro` o` infortbd prkvnsnk`bi pbrb quo so proso`to` o` oi dåb soòbibdk, o nmubieo`to `ktnlncbrâ oi butk b iks lnbdkros k duoòks do iks fno`os dbdks o` lnb`zb, oxpndnî`dkso pbrb tkdk oiik iks oxhkrtks y eb`dbeno`tks `ocosbrnks. Ib lbitb do ib cntbcnó` oxprosbdb o` oi pârrblk b`tornkr sorâ ektnvk do cbsbcnó`, sn ib pbrto quo `k hufnoro sndk cntbdb `k ckepbroco o` oi guncnk. Cub`dk proso`tbdks iks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó` y oxben`bdbs ibs pruofbs prkpuostbs o`to`dnoro oi Zrosndo`to do ib Budno`cnb k Sbib do ik crnen`bi quo prkcodo ck`stntunr u`b soccnó` o` dotoren`bdb ikcbindbd pbrb ib coiofrbcnó` doi guncnk, ik bckrdbrâ bså, pk`nî`dkik o` ck`kcneno`tk doi En`nstornk do Gustncnb. d. Vocusbcnó` do porntks So prkcodo som÷` hoeks vnstk o` oi opåmrblo 6.6, bpbrtbdk B, do osto toeb. o. Znozbs do ck`vnccnó` Bto`cnó` Oi brt. 4<3.2 doi CZ ostb fi oco quo oi quo , cnt bdk o`  fioco iombi lkreb, dogbro vkiu`tbrnbeo`to do ckepbrocor, sn`  gustb cbusb, b`to u` guzmbd guzmbdk k k trnfu`bi o` prkcosk crnen`bi ck` rok o` prnsnó` prkvnsnk`bi, prkvkcb`dk ib suspo`snó` doi  guncnk krbi, sorâ cbstnmbdk ck` ib po`b do prnsnó` do tros b sons eosos k euitb do sons b 64 eosos. O` ib po`b do euitb do sons b 2: eosos n`currnrâ oi quo, hbfno`dk sndk bdvortndk, ik hncnorb pkr somu`db voz o` cbusb crnen`bi sn` rok o` prnsnó`, hbyb prkvkcbdk k `k ib suspo`snó`. O` oi dåb soòbibdk pbrb dbr prn`cnpnk b ibs sosnk`os, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb voibrâ pkr quo so o`cuo`tro` o` oi ikcbi doi Trnfu`bi ibs pnozbs do ck`vnccnó` quo so hufnoro` rockmndk, y oi Zrosndo`to, o` oi ekeo`tk kpkrtu`k, docibrbrâ bfnortb ib sosnó` F. Ib coiofrbcnó` doi guncnk krbi b. Ckeno`zk doi guncnk krbi • Bporturb Do`trk doi prkcosk krdn`brnk, o` oi dåb soòbibdk pbrb dbr prn`cnpnk b ibs sosnk`os, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb voibrâ pkr quo so o`cuo`tro` o` oi ikcbi doi Trnfu`bi ibs pnozbs do ck`vnccnó` quo so hufnoro` rockmndk, y oi Zrosndo`to, o` oi ekeo`tk kpkrtu`k, docibrbrâ bfnortb ib sosnó`. • Ovo`tubi ck`lkrendbd doi bcusbdk bcusbdk Zkr ik quo so rolnoro b ib ck`lkrendbd, os u` bctk pkr oi cubi, oi bcusbdk bcoptb ib cbinlncbcnó` ebs mrbvo do ibs oloctubdbs pkr ibs bcusbcnk`os, snoepro quo `k skincnto` po`b do prnsnó`, o` ck`crotk, supornkr b < bòks, k po`b do ktrb `bturbiozb cubiqunorb quo sob su durbcnó` y cub`tåb, do ekdk quo puodb dnctbrso so`to`cnb sn` `ocosndbd do ck`tn`ubr oi guncnk krbi. Sn` porguncnk do quo puodb pib`tobrso o` ktrks ekeo`tks prkcosbios do`trk doi suebrnk krdn`brnk pkdrâ sor pib`tobdb o` iks tîren`ks doi brtåcuik <88 pârrblk. 6· IOCrn Bså, sn ib cbusb quo hbyb do vorso luoso pkr dointk pbrb cuyk cbstnmk so pndb ib odntkrnbi    }         cop 63> Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 nepksncnó` do po`b ckrroccnk`bi, Qo`tnî`dbso hky po`b do prnsnó`, o` ck`crotk, `k supornkr b < bòks, k po`b do ktrb `bturbiozb cubiqunorb quo sob su durbcnó` y cub`tåbU, promu`tbrâ oi Zrosndo`to b cbdb u`k do iks bcusbdks sn so ck`lnosb rok doi dointk quo so io hbyb neputbdk o` oi oscrntk do cbinlncbcnó` y rospk`sbfio cnvnieo`to b ib rostntucnó` do ib cksb k bi pbmk do ib cb`tndbd lngbdb o` dnchk oscrntk pkr rbzó` do dbòks y porguncnks. Oi Zrosndo`to hbrâ ibs promu`tbs ck` tkdb cibrndbd y procnsnó`, oxnmno`dk ck`tostbcnó` cbtomórncb (brt. <>3 IOCrn). B su voz, sn `ks o`ck`trbeks b`to u`b piurbindbd do dointks, ib ck`lkrendbd vorsbrâ skfro sk fro cbdb u`k do eb`orb n`dopo`dno`to. Ib ck`lkrendbd bså eb`nlostbdb bi n`ncnk doi bctk do guncnk, so robinzb do lkreb krbi, dofno`dk oi bcusbdk y oi iotrbdk quo ogorco ib dolo`sb rospk`dor pksntnvb y cbtomórncbeo`to. Sn oi prkcosbdk `k so ck`losbro cuipbfio doi dointk quo io luoro btrnfundk o` ib cbinlncbcnó`, k su dolo`skr ck`sndorbso `ocosbrnb ib ck`tn`ubcnó` doi guncnk, so prkcodorâ b ib coiofrbcnó` do osto (ox. brt. <>< IOCrn). Zkr ktrk ibdk, pbrb quo to`mb iumbr ib suspo`snó` doi guncnk krbi os oso`cnbi ib ck`lkrendbd do tkdks iks bcusbdks, sn bimu`k do oiiks k sus iotrbdks `k euostrb` su ck`lkrendbd, so prkcodorâ b ib coiofrbcnó` doi guncnk krbi (ox. brtåcuik <>= IOCrn) Ln`bieo`to, sn oi prkcosbdk ck`losbro su rospk`sbfnindbd crnen`bi, pork `k ib cnvni, k bu` bcoptb`dk ostb, `k so ck`lkrebro ck` ib cb`tndbd lngbdb o` ib cbinlncbcnó`, oi Trnfu`bi eb`dbrâ quo ck`tn`÷o oi  guncnk. Zork o` osto ÷itnek ÷itnek cbsk, ib dnscusnó` y ib prkduccnó` do pruofbs pruofbs so ck`crotbrâ` bi oxtroek roibtnvk b ib rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni quo oi prkcosbdk `k hufnoso bdentndk do ck`lkrendbd ck` ibs ck`ciusnk`os do ib cbinlncbcnó`. Toren`bdk oi bctk, oi Trnfu`bi dnctbrâ so`to`cnb (brt. <>? IOCrn). O` doln`ntnvb, sn so cuepio` iks roqunsntks y trâentos soòbibdks, oi Trnfu`bi dnctbrâ so`to`cnb s o`to`cnb do ck`lkrendbd, ib cubi, sn` `ocosndbd do coiofrbr ib vnstb krbi, trborâ ck`snmk ib toren`bcnó` b`tncnpbdb doi prkcosk krdn`brnk pkr dointk mrbvo. f. Dbcnó` do cuo`tb (ox brt. =:2 IOCrn) Cub`dk oi guncnk dofb ck`tn`ubr, yb pkr lbitb do ck`lkrendbd do iks bcusbdks ck` ib bcusbcnó`, yb pkr trbtbrso do dointk pbrb cuyk cbstnmk so hbyb podndk po`b blinctnvb (o`tnî`dbso hky po`b do prnsnó`, o` ck`crotk, supornkr b < bòks)7 - So dbrâ cuo`tb doi hochk quo hbyb ektnvbdk ib lkrebcnó` doi suebrnk y doi dåb o` quo osto so ckeo`zó b n`strunr, oxprosb`dk bdoeâs sn oi prkcosbdk ostâ o` prnsnó` k o` infortbd prkvnsnk`bi, ck` k sn` lnb`zb. - So dbrâ iocturb iocturb b iks oscrntks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó` cbinlncbcnó` y b ibs ibs instbs do porntks porntks y tostnmks quo so hufnoso` hufnoso` proso`tbdk kpkrtu`beo`to, hbcno`dk roibcnó` do ibs pruofbs prkpuostbs y bdentndbs. c. Ekdk do prbctncbr ibs pruofbs durb`to oi guncnk krbi Cub`dk oi guncnk dofb ck`tn`ubr, yb pkr lbitb do ck`lkrendbd do iks bcusbdks ck` ib bcusbcnó`, yb pkr trbtbrso do dointk pbrb cuyk cbstnmk so hbyb podndk po`b o` ck`crotk supornkr b < bòks, so pbsbrâ b ib prâctncb do ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb y bi oxbeo` do iks tostnmks, oepozb`dk pkr ib quo hufnoro klrocndk oi En`nstornk Lnscbi, ck`tn`ub`dk ck` ib prkpuostb pkr iks doeâs bctkros, y, pkr ÷itnek, ck` ib do iks prkcosbdks. Ibs pruofbs do cbdb pbrto so prbctncbrâ` som÷` oi krdo` ck` quo hbyb` sndk prkpuostbs o` oi oscrntk ckrrospk`dno`to. Iks tostnmks sorâ` oxben`bdks tbefnî` pkr oi krdo` ck` quo lnmuro` sus `kefros o` ibs instbs. 64:   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi Oi Zrosndo`to, sn` oefbrmk, pkdrâ bitorbr osto krdo` b n`stb`cnb do pbrto, y bu` do klncnk, cub`dk bså ik ck`sndoro ck`vo`no`to pbrb oi ebykr oscibrocneno`tk do iks hochks k pbrb oi eâs somurk doscufrneno`tk do ib vordbd (ox. brt =:2 IOCrn) Zkr ktrk ibdk, bu`quo ib Ioy `k ik provî oxprosbeo`to oi krdo` k rdo` do ib prâctncb do ib pruofb, prn`cnpnbrb ostb ck` oi n`torrkmbtkrnk do iks prkcosbdks1 prneork pkr oi En`nstornk Lnscbi, bi quo somunrâ` oi rostk do ibs bcusbcnk`os y ck`ciunrâ` ibs dolo`sbs. Somundbeo`to y bhkrb sn o` iks tîren`ks provo`ndks o` ib IOCrn, so procodorâ do lkreb sucosnvb b7 - Oi n`torrkmbtkrnk do tostnmks y porntks, pkr oi krdo` do ibs instbs oxprosbdbs pkr ibs pbrtos y pkr oi krdo` do ibs ensebs. - Oi oxbeo` do ib pruofb dkcueo`tbi Do lkreb oxcopcnk`bi so prkcodorâ b ib prâctncb do ib n`spoccnó` kcuibr o` ÷itnek tîren`k. ^ bdoeâs, sn fno` ckek romib mo`orbi `k pkdrâ` prbctncbrso ktrbs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb quo ibs prkpuostbs pkr ibs pbrtos, `n sor oxben`bdks ktrks tostnmks quo iks ckepro`dndks o` ibs instbs proso`tbdbs (ox. brt. =68 IOCrn), oi brtåcuik =6> IOCrn, so oxcopt÷b` ckek vneks7 2) Iks cbroks do iks tostnmks o`tro så k ck` iks prkcosbdks k o`tro ostks, quo oi Zrosndo`to bcuordo do klncnk, k b prkpuostb do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos. 6) Ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb `k prkpuostbs pkr `n`mu`b do ibs pbrtos, quo oi Trnfu`bi ck`sndoro `ocosbrnbs pbrb ib ckeprkfbcnó` do cubiqunorb do iks hochks quo hbyb` sndk kfgotk do iks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó`. 3) Ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb do cubiqunorb cubiqunorb cibso quo o` oi bctk klrozcb` ibs pbrtos pbrb bcrodntbr bimu`b cnrcu`stb`cnb quo puodb n`liunr o` oi vbikr prkfbtkrnk do ib docibrbcnó` do u` tostnmk, sn oi Trnfu`bi ibs ck`sndorb bdensnfios. • Ib ck`losnó` do iks prkcosbdks prkcosbdks y porsk`bs porsk`bs cnvnieo`to rospk`sbfios O` oi dåb soòbibdk pbrb dbr prn`cnpnk b ibs sosnk`os, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb voibrâ pkr quo so o`cuo`tro` o` oi ikcbi doi Trnfu`bi ibs pnozbs do ck`vnccnó` quo so hufnoro` rockmndk, y oi Zrosndo`to, o` oi ekeo`tk kpkrtu`k, docibrbrâ bfnortb ib sosnó`. Sn ib cbusb quo hbyb do vorso luoso pkr dointk pbrb cuyk cbstnmk so pndb ib nepksncnó` do po`b ckrroccnk`bi, promu`tbrâ oi Zrosndo`to b cbdb u`k do iks bcusbdks sn so ck`lnosb rok doi dointk quo so io hbyb neputbdk o` oi oscrntk do cbinlncbcnó` y rospk`sbfio cnvnieo`to b ib rostntucnó` do ib cksb k bi pbmk do ib cb`tndbd lngbdb o` dnchk oscrntk pkr rbzó` do dbòks y porguncnks Sn o` ib cbusb hufnoro, bdoeâs do ib cbinlncbcnó` lnscbi, ktrb doi quoroiib`to pbrtncuibr k dnvorsbs cbinlncbcnk`os do quoroiib`tos do ostb cibso, so promu`tbrâ bi prkcosbdk sn so ck`lnosb rok doi dointk, som÷` ib cbinlncbcnó` eâs mrbvo, y cnvnieo`to rospk`sbfio pkr ib cb`tndbd ebykr quo so hufnoso lngbdk. Sn luoro` eâs do u`k iks dointks neputbdks bi prkcosbdk o` oi oscrntk do cbinlncbcnó`, so io hbrâ` ibs ensebs promu`tbs rospoctk do cbdb cubi. Sn iks prkcosbdks luoro` vbrnks, so promu`tbrâ b cbdb u`k skfro ib pbrtncnpbcnó` quo so io hbyb btrn fundk. Neputâ`dkso o` ib cbinlncbcnó` rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni b cubiqunorb ktrb porsk`b, ckepbrocorâ tbefnî` b`to oi Trnfu`bi y docibrbrâ sn so ck`lkreb ck` ibs ck`ciusnk`os do ib cbinlncbcnó` quo io n`toroso`. Oi Zrosndo`to hbrâ ibs promu`tbs eo`cnk`bdbs o` iks brtåcuiks b`tornkros ck` tkdb cibrndbd y procnsnó`, oxnmno`dk ck`tostbcnó` cbtomórncb. odntkrnbi    }         cop 642 Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 Sn o` ib cbusb `k hufnoro eâs quo u` prkcosbdk y ck`tostbro blnrebtnvbeo`to, oi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi promu`tbrâ bi dolo`skr sn ck`sndorb `ocosbrnb ib ck`tn`ubcnó` doi guncnk krbi. Sn osto ck`tostbro `ombtnvbeo`to, oi Trnfu`bi prkcodorâ b dnctbr so`to`cnb o` iks tîren`ks oxprosbdks o` oi brt. ? IOCrn. So ck`tn`ubrâ tbefnî` oi guncnk cub`dk oi prkcosbdk k prkcosbdks `k qunorb` rospk`dor b ibs promu`tbs quo ios hncnoro oi Zrosndo`to. Do nmubi ekdk so prkcodorâ sn o` oi suebrnk `k hufnoso sndk pksnfio hbcor ck`stbr ib oxnsto`cnb doi cuorpk doi dointk cub`dk, do hbforso osto ckeotndk, `k puodb eo`ks do oxnstnr bquoi, bu`quo hbyb` prostbdk su ck`lkrendbd oi prkcosbdk k prkcosbdks y sus dolo`skros. Cub`dk oi prkcosbdk k prkcosbdks hbyb` ck`losbdk su rospk`sbfnindbd do bcuordk ck` ibs ck`ciusnk`os do ib cbinlncbcnó`, y sus dolo`skros `k ck`sndoro` `ocosbrnb ib ck`tn`ubcnó` doi guncnk, pork ib porsk`b b quno` skik so hufnoro btrnfundk rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni `k hbyb ckepbrocndk b`to oi Trnfu`bi, k o` su docibrbcnó` `k so s o ck`lkrebso ck` ibs ck`ciusnk`os doi oscrntk do cbinlncbcnó` b oiib roloro`tos, so prkcodorâ ck` brromik b ik dnspuostk pbrb ib rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni. Sn hbfno`dk ckepbrocndk so `ombso b ck`tostbr b ibs promu`tbs doi Zrosndo`to, io bporcnfnrâ osto ck` docibrbrio ck`losk. Sn porsnstnoro o` su `ombtnvb, so io docibrbrâ ck`losk, y ib cbusb so lbiibrâ do ck`lkrendbd. Ik ensek so hbrâ cub`dk oi prkcosbdk, dospuîs do hbfor ck`losbdk su rospk`sbfnindbd crnen`bi, so `ombro b ck`tostbr skfro ib cnvni • Oxbeo` do iks tostnmks So prkcodorâ doi ekdk snmuno`to7 - So dbrâ iocturb iocturb b iks oscrntks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó` cbinlncbcnó` y b ibs ibs instbs do porntks porntks y tostnmks quo so hufnoso` hufnoso` proso`tbdk kpkrtu`beo`to, hbcno`dk roibcnó` do ibs pruofbs prkpuostbs y bdentndbs. 646   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi - - Bctk ck`tn`uk so pbsbrâ b ib prâctncb do ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb y bi oxbeo` do iks tostnmks, oepozb`dk pkr ib quo hufnoro klrocndk oi En`nstornk Lnscbi, ck`tn`ub`dk ck` ib prkpuostb pkr iks doeâs bctkros, y, pkr ÷itnek, ck` ib do iks prkcosbdks. Ibs pruofbs pruofbs do cbdb pbrto pbrto so prbctncbrâ` som÷` oi krdo` ck` quo hbyb` sndk prkpuostbs o` oi oscrntk ckrrospk`dno`to. Iks tostnmks sorâ` oxben`bdks tbefnî` pkr oi krdo` ck` quo lnmuro` sus `kefros o` ibs instbs. - Oi Zrosndo`to, Zrosndo`to, sn` sn` oefbrmk, pkdrâ bitorbr bitorbr osto krdo` b n`stb`cnb do pbrto, y bu` do klncnk, cub`dk bså ik ck`sndoro ck`vo`no`to pbrb oi ebykr oscibrocneno`tk do iks hochks k pbrb oi eâs somurk doscufrneno`tk do ib vordbd Tkdks iks quo, ck` brromik b ik dnspuostk o` iks brts. 42: b 426 n`ciusnvo ostâ` kfinmbdks b docibrbr, ik hbrâ` ck`currno`dk b`to oi Trnfu`bi, sn` ktrb oxcopcnó` quo ibs porsk`bs eo`cnk`bdbs o` oi bpbrtbdk 2 doi brt. 426 (porsk`bs do ib Lbeninb Vobi quo `k sob` oi Voy, ib Von`b, sus rospoctnvks ck`skrtos, oi Zrå`cnpo Horodork y iks Vomo`tos doi Von`k), ibs cubios pkdrâ` hbcorik pkr oscrntk. Brt. 426 IOCrn 2. Ostbrâ` oxo`tbs tbefnî` do ck`currnr bi iibebeno`tk doi  Guoz, pork `k do docibrbr, pudno`dk pudno`dk hbcorik pkr oscrntk, ibs doeâs porsk`bs do ib Lbeninb Vobi. 6. Ostâ` oxo`tks do ck`currnr bi iibebeno`tk doi Guoz, pork `k do docibrbr, pudno`dk n`lkrebr pkr oscrntk skfro iks hochks do quo to`mb` ck`kcneno`tk pkr rbzó` do su cbrmk7 Nepkrtb`to Brt.42: IOCrn7 Tkdks iks quo rosndb` o` torrntkrnk ospbòki, `bcnk`bios k oxtrb`gorks, quo `k ostî` nepodndks, to`drâ` kfinmbcnó kfinmbcnó` ` do ck`currnr bi iibebeno`tk  gudncnbi pbrb docibrb docibrbrr cub`tk supnoro` skfro ik quo ios luoro promu`tbdk sn pbrb oiik so ios cntb ck` ibs lkrebindbdos proscrntbs o` ib Ioy. Brt.422 IOCrn7 So oxcopt÷b` do ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik b`tornkr7 Oi Voy, ib Von`b, sus rospoctnvks ck`skrtos, oi Zrå`cnpo Horodork y iks Vomo`tos doi Von`k. Tbefnî` ostâ` oxo`tks doi dofor do docibrbr iks Bmo`tos Dnpikeâtncks bcrodntbdks o` Ospbòb, o` tkdk cbsk, y oi porsk`bi bden`nstrbtnvk, tîc`nck k do sorvncnk do ibs ensnk`os dnpikeâtncbs, bså ckek sus lbeninbros, sn ck`curro` o` oiiks iks roqunsntks oxnmndks o` iks trbtbdks. 2· Oi Zrosndo`to y iks doeâs enoefrks doi Mkfnor`k. 6· Iks Zrosndo`tos doi Ck`mrosk do iks Dnputbdks y doi So`bdk. 3.· Oi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi Ck`stntucnk`bi. 4.· Oi Zrosndo`to doi Ck`sogk Mo`orbi doi Zkdor Gudncnbi. ?· Oi Lnscbi Mo`orbi doi Ostbdk. <· Iks Zrosndo`tos do ibs Ckeu`ndbdos Butó`kebs. Butó`kebs. 3. Sn luorb ck`vo`no`to rocnfnr docibrbcnó` b bimu`b do ibs porsk`bs b ibs quo so rolnoro oi bpbrtbdk 6 b`tornkr skfro cuostnk`os do ibs quo `k hbyb to`ndk ck`kcneno`t ck`kcneno`tk k pkr rbzó` do su cbrmk, so tkebrâ ib enseb o` su dkencnink k dospbchk klncnbi. 4. Runo`os hufnoso` dosoepoòbdk iks cbrmks b quo so rolnoro oi bpbrtbdk 6 doi proso`to brtåcuik ostbrâ` nmubieo`to oxo`tks do ck`currnr bi iibebeno`tk doi Guoz, pork `k do docibrbr, pudno`dk n`lkrebr pkr oscrntk skfro iks hochks do quo hufnoro` to`ndk ck`kcneno`tk pkr rbzó` do su cbrmk. odntkrnbi    }         cop 643 Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 ?. Ostbrâ` oxo`tks tbefnî` do ck`currnr bi iibebeno`tk doi Guoz, pork `k do docibrbr, pudno`dk hbcorik o` su dospbchk klncnbi k o` ib sodo doi órmb`k doi quo sob` enoefrks7 2· Iks Dnputbdks y So`bdkros. 6· Iks Ebmnstrbdks doi Trnfu`bi Ck`stntucnk`bi Ck`stntucnk`bi y iks \kcbios doi Ck`sogk Mo`orbi doi Zkdor Gudncnbi. 3· Iks Lnscbios do Sbib doi Trnfu`bi Suproek. 4· Oi Dolo`skr doi Zuofik. ?· Ibs Butkrndbdos Gudncnbios do cubiqunor krdo` gurnsdnccnk`bi gurnsdnccnk`bi do cbtomkråb supornkr b ib doi quo rocnfnoro ib docibrbcnó`. <· Iks Zrosndo`tos do ib Bsbefiobs Iomnsibtnvbs Iomnsibtnvbs do ibs Ckeu`ndbdos Butó`kebs. =· Oi Zrosndo`to y iks Ck`sogorks Zoreb`o`tos doi Ck`sogk do Ostbdk. 8· Oi Zrosndo`to y iks Ck`sogorks doi Trnfu`bi do Cuo`tbs. >· Iks enoefrks do iks Ck`sogks do Mkfnor`k do ibs Ckeu`ndbdos Butó`kebs. 2:·. Iks Socrotbrnks do Ostbdk, iks Sufsocrotbrnks y bsnenibdks, iks Doiombdks doi Mkfnor`k o` ibs Ckeu`ndbdos Butó`kebs y o` Coutb y Eoiniib, iks Mkfor`bdkros cnvnios y iks Doiombdks do Hbcno`db. Sn` oefbrmk, do ik dnspuostk o` oi pârrblk b`tornkr, sn ibs porsk`bs eo`cnk`bdbs o` iks `÷eorks 6·, 3·, 4·, ?·, <· y 8· doi brt. 426 hufnoro` to`ndk ck`kcneno`tk pkr rbzó` do su cbrmk do iks hochks do quo so trbto, pkdrâ` ck`snm`brik pkr eodnk do n`lkreo oscrntk, do quo so dbrâ iocturb n`eodnbtbeo`to b`tos do prkcodor bi oxbeo` do iks doeâs tostnmks. Ik prkpnk hbrâ` iks lu`cnk`brnks doi krdo` gudncnbi k doi En`nstornk Lnscbi quo so o`cuo`tro` o` nmubi cbsk. Sn` oefbrmk do ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik b`tornkr, sn ibs porsk`bs eo`cnk`bdbs o` oi bpbrtbdk 6 doi brt. 426 hufnoro` to`ndk ck`kcneno`tk pkr rbzó` do su cbrmk do iks hochks do quo so trbto, pkdrâ` ck`snm`brik pkr eodnk do n`lkreo oscrntk, doi quo so dbrâ iocturb n`eodnbtbeo`to b`tos do prkcodor bi oxbeo` do iks doeâs tostnmks. @k kfstb`to ik b`tornkr, trbtâ`dkso do iks supuostks provnstks o` iks bpbrtbdks 3 y ? doi brt. 426, ib cntbcnó` ckek tostnmks do ibs porsk`bs b quo iks enseks so rolnoro` so hbrâ do eb`orb quo `k porturfo oi bdocubdk ogorcncnk do sus cbrmks. Iks tostnmks quo hbyb` do docibrbr o` oi guncnk krbi poreb`ocorâ`, hbstb quo sob` iibebdks b prostbr sus docibrbcnk`os, o` u` ikcbi b prkpósntk, sn` ckeu`ncbcnó` ck` iks quo yb hufnoso` docibrbdk, `n ck` ktrb porsk`b. Oi Zrosndo`to eb`dbrâ quo o`tro` b docibrbr u`k b u`k, pkr oi krdo` ostbfiocndk. Hbiiâ`dkso proso`to oi tostnmk ebykr do d o 24 bòks b`to oi Trnfu`bi, oi Zrosndo`to io rocnfnrâ gurbeo`tk. Tkdks iks tostnmks ostâ` kfinmbdks b docibrbr ik quo supnoro` skfro ik quo ios luoro promu`tbdk, ck` oxcopcnó` do ibs porsk`bs oxprosbdbs o` iks brtåcuiks 42<, 42= y 428, o` sus rospoctnvks cbsks. Ib docibrbcnó` do iks tostnmks eo`kros do odbd k ck` dnscbpbcndbd `ocosntbdks do ospocnbi prktoccnó`, so iiovbrâ b cbfk, cub`dk rosuito `ocosbrnk pbrb nepodnr k roducnr iks porguncnks quo pbrb oiiks puodb` dornvbr doi dosbrrkiik doi prkcosk k do ib prâctncb do ib dninmo`cnb, ovntb`dk ib ck`lrk`tbcnó` vnsubi do 644   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi iks enseks ck` oi n`cuipbdk. Ck` osto ln` pkdrâ sor utninzbdk cubiqunor eodnk tîc`nck quo hbmb pksnfio ib prâctncb do ostb pruofb, n`ciuyî`dkso ib pksnfnindbd do quo iks tostnmks puodb` sor kådks sn` ostbr proso`tos o` ib sbib eodnb`to ib utninzbcnó` do toc`kikmåbs do ib ckeu`ncbcnó`. Ostbs eodndbs sorâ` nmubieo`to bpincbfios b ibs docibrbcnk`os do ibs våctnebs cub`dk do su ovbiubcnó` n`ncnbi k pkstornkr dornvo ib `ocosndbd do ostbs eodndbs do prktoccnó`. Somundbeo`to oi Zrosndo`to promu`tbrâ bi tostnmk bcorcb do ibs cnrcu`stb`cnbs oxprosbdbs o` oi brt. 43< pârrblk. 2· do ib IOCrn1 os docnr, bcorcb do ibs iibebdbs ’mo`orbios do ib ioy―7 su `kefro, bpoiindks pbtor`k y ebtor`k, odbd, ostbdk y prklosnó`, sn ck`kco k `k bi prkcosbdk y b ibs doeâs pbrtos, y sn tno`o ck` oiiks pbro`tosck, benstbd k roibcnk`os do cubiqunor ktrb cibso, sn hb ostbdk prkcosbdk y ib po`b quo so io nepusk. Sn oi tostnmk luorb enoefrk do ibs Luorzbs y Cuorpks do Somurndbd o` oi ogorcncnk do sus lu`cnk`os, sorâ sulncno`to pbrb su ndo`tnlncbcnó` oi `÷eork do su romnstrk porsk`bi y ib u`ndbd bden`nstrbtnvb b ib quo ostâ bdscrntk. Dospuîs ib pbrto quo io hbyb proso`tbdk pkdrâ hbcorio ibs promu`tbs quo to`mb pkr ck`vo`no`to. Ibs doeâs pbrtos pkdrâ` dnrnmnrio tbefnî` ibs promu`tbs quo ck`sndoro` kpkrtu`bs y luoro` portn`o`tos o` vnstb do sus ck`tostbcnk`os. Oi Zrosndo`to, pkr så k b oxcntbcnó` do cubiqunorb do iks enoefrks doi Trnfu`bi, pkdrâ dnrnmnr b iks tostnmks ibs promu`tbs quo ostneo ck`duco`tos pbrb dopurbr iks hochks skfro iks quo docibro`. Oi Zrosndo`to `k porentnrâ quo oi tostnmk ck`tosto b promu`tbs k ropromu`tbs cbpcnksbs, sumostnvbs k neportn`o`tos. Oi Zrosndo`to pkdrâ bdkptbr eodndbs pbrb ovntbr quo so lkreuio` b ib våctneb promu`tbs n``ocosbrnbs roibtnvbs b ib vndb prnvbdb quo `k to`mb` roiovb`cnb pbrb oi hochk doinctnvk o`guncnbdk, sbivk quo oi  Guoz k Trnfu`bi ck`sndoro` oxcopcnk`bieo`to quo dofo` sor ck`tostbdbs pbrb vbikrbr bdocubdbeo`to iks hochks k ib crodnfnindbd do ib docibrbcnó` do ib våctneb. Sn osbs promu`tbs luorb` lkreuibdbs, oi Zrosndo`to `k porentnrâ quo sob` ck`tostbdbs. Ck`trb ib roskiucnó` quo skfro osto oxtroek bdkpto pkdrâ n`torpk`orso o` su dåb oi rocursk do cbsbcnó`, sn so hncnoro o` oi bctk ib ckrrospk`dno`to prktostb. O` osto cbsk, ck`stbrâ o` oi bctb ib promu`tb k ropromu`tb b quo oi Zrosndo`to hbyb prkhnfndk ck`tostbr. Iks tostnmks oxprosbrâ` ib rbzó` do su dnchk y, sn luoro` do roloro`cnb, procnsbrâ` oi krnmo` do ib `ktncnb, dosnm`b`dk ck` su `kefro y bpoiindk, k ck` ibs soòbs ck` quo luoro ck`kcndb, b ib porsk`b quo so ib hufnoro ckeu`ncbdk. O` iks cbsks do tostnmks skrdkeudks k quo `k ck`kzcb` oi ndnkeb ospbòki so `kefrbrâ u` n`tîrproto do io`mub do snm`ks bdocubdk, pkr cuyk ck`ductk so io hbrâ` ibs promu`tbs y so rocnfnrâ` sus ck`tostbcnk`os, k so `kefrbrâ u` n`tîrproto, quo prostbrâ b su proso`cnb gurbeo`tk do ck`ducnrso fno` y lnoieo`to o` oi dosoepoòk do su cbrmk, rospoctnvbeo`to. Zkdrâ` ibs pbrtos podnr quo oi tostnmk rock`kzcb iks n`strueo`tks k oloctks doi dointk k cubiqunorb ktrb pnozb do ck`vnccnó`. Cub`dk ib docibrbcnó` doi tostnmk o` oi guncnk krbi `k sob ck`lkreo o` ik sustb`cnbi ck` ib prostbdb o` oi suebrnk pkdrâ podnrso ib iocturb do ostb pkr cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos. Dospuîs do ioådb, oi Zrosndo`to n`vntbrâ bi tostnmk b quo oxpinquo ib dnloro`cnb k ck`trbdnccnó` quo o`tro sus docibrbcnk`os so kfsorvo. Snoepro quo iks tostnmks quo hbyb` docibrbdk o` oi suebrnk ckepbrozcb` b docibrbr tbefnî` skfro iks enseks hochks o` oi guncnk krbi, skik hbfrâ iumbr b eb`dbr prkcodor ck`trb oiiks ckek prosu`tks butkros doi dointk do lbisk tostnek`nk y cub`dk osto sob dbdk o` dnchk guncnk. Luorb doi cbsk provnstk o` oi pârrblk b`tornkr, o` iks doeâs pkdrâ oxnmnrso b iks tostnmks ib rospk`sbfnindbd o` quo n`currb`, ck` brromik b ibs dnspksncnk`os doi Códnmk Zo`bi. odntkrnbi    }         cop 64? Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 Oi tostnmk quo so `nomuo b docibrbr n`currnrâ o` ib euitb do 6:: b ?.::: ourks, quo so nepk`drâ o` oi bctk. Sn b posbr do ostk porsnsto o` su `ombtnvb, so prkcodorâ ck`trb îi ckek butkr doi dointk do doskfodno`cnb mrbvo b ib Butkrndbd. Ibs docibrbcnk`os do ibs Butkrndbdos y lu`cnk`brnks do Zkincåb Gudncnbi to`drâ` oi vbikr do docibrbcnk`os tostnlncbdbs, bprocnbfios ckek ostbs som÷` ibs romibs doi crntornk rbcnk`bi. Cub`dk oi tostnmk `k hufnoro ckepbrocndk pkr nepksnfnindbd y oi Trnfu`bi ck`sndoro do nepkrtb`cnb su docibrbcnó` pbrb oi îxntk doi guncnk, oi Zrosndo`to dosnm`brâ b u`k do iks n`dnvnduks doi ensek pbrb quo, ck`stntuyî`dkso o` ib rosndo`cnb doi tostnmk, sn ib tuvnoro o` oi iumbr doi guncnk, puodb` ibs pbrtos hbcorio ibs promu`tbs quo ck`sndoro` kpkrtu`bs. Oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb oxto`dorâ dninmo`cnb, hbcno`dk ck`stbr ibs promu`tbs y ropromu`tbs quo so hbyb` hochk bi tostnmk, ibs ck`tostbcnk`os do osto y iks n`cndo`tos quo hufnorb` kcurrndk o` oi bctk. Sn oi tostnmk nepksnfnintbdk do ck`currnr b ib sosnó` `k rosndnoro o` oi pu`tk o` quo ib enseb so coiofro, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb infrbrâ oxhkrtk k eb`dbeno`tk pbrb quo sob oxben`bdk b`to oi Guoz ckrrospk`dno`to, ck` sugocnó` b ibs proscrnpcnk`os ck`to`ndbs o` ostb soccnó`. Cub`dk ib pbrto k ibs pbrtos prolnorb` quo o` oi oxhkrtk k eb`dbeno`tk so ck`snm`o` pkr oscrntk ibs promu`tbs k ropromu`tbs, oi Zrosndo`to bccodorâ b oiik sn `k luoro` cbpcnksbs, sumostnvbs k neportn`o`tos. Ik dnspuostk o` iks brtåcuiks b`tornkros to`drâ tbefnî` bpincbcnó` bi cbsk o` quo oi Trnfu`bi krdo`o quo oi tostnmk docibro k prbctnquo cubiqunor rock`kcneno`tk o` u` iumbr dotoren`bdk luorb do bquoi o` quo so coiofro ib budno`cnb. Cub`dk so dosostneo cubiqunorb promu`tb pkr cbpcnksb, sumostnvb k neportn`o`to o` iks cbsks b`tornkros, pkdrâ propbrbrso oi rocursk do cbsbcnó` doi ekdk proscrntk o` oi brt. =:>. Iks tostnmks quo ckepbrozcb` b docibrbr b`to oi Trnfu`bi to`drâ` dorochk b u`b n`doe`nzbcnó`, sn ib rocibebro`. Oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb ib lngbrâ eodnb`to docrotk, to`no`dk o` cuo`tb ÷`ncbeo`to iks mbstks doi vnbgo y oi nepkrto do iks gkr`bios pordndks pkr oi tostnmk ck` ektnvk do su ckepbroco`cnb pbrb docibrbr. • Cbroks O` iks cbroks doi tostnmk ck` iks prkcosbdks k do iks tostnmks o`tro så `k porentnrâ oi Zrosndo`to quo eodno` n`suitks `n beo`bzbs, inentâ`dkso ib dninmo`cnb b dnrnmnrso iks cbrobdks iks cbrmks y hbcorso ibs kfsorvbcnk`os quo croyoro` ck`vo`no`tos pbrb pk`orso do bcuordk y iiombr b doscufrnr ib vordbd. @k so prbctncbrâ` cbroks ck` tostnmks quo sob` eo`kros do odbd sbivk quo oi Guoz k Trnfu`bi ik ck`sndoro neproscn`dnfio y `k iosnvk pbrb oi n`torîs do dnchks tostnmks, provnk n`lkreo n`lkre o porncnbi. • Oi n`lkreo porncnbi Iks porntks pkdrâ` sor rocusbdks pkr ibs cbusbs y o` ib lkreb proscrntbs o` iks brts. 4<8, 4<> y 4=:. Ib sustb`cnbcnó` do iks n`cndo`tos do rocusbcnó` to`drâ iumbr procnsbeo`to o` oi tnoepk quo eodnb dosdo ib bdensnó` do ibs pruofbs prkpuostbs pkr ibs pbrtos hbstb ib bporturb do ibs sosnk`os. Iks porntks quo `k hbyb` sndk rocusbdks sorâ` oxben`bdks gu`tks cub`dk dofb` docibrbr skfro u`ks enseks hochks y ck`tostbrâ` b ibs promu`tbs y ropromu`tbs quo ibs pbrtos ios dnrngb`. 64<   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi Sn pbrb ck`tostbribs ck`sndorbso` `ocosbrnb ib prâctncb do cubiqunor rock`kcneno`tk hbrâ` osto bctk ck`tn`uk, o` oi ikcbi do ib enseb budno`cnb sn luoro pksnfio. O` ktrk cbsk so suspo`dorâ ib sosnó` pkr oi tnoepk `ocosbrnk, b `k sor quo puodb` ck`tn`ubr prbctncâ`dkso ktrbs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb o`tro tb`tk quo iks porntks vornlncb` oi rock`kcneno`tk. • Zruofb dkcueo`tbi y do ib n`spoccnó` kcuibr  Oi Trnfu`bi oxben`brâ pkr så ensek iks infrks, dkcueo`tks, pbpoios y doeâs pnozbs do ck`vnccnó` quo puodb` ck`trnfunr bi oscibrocneno`tk do iks hochks k b ib eâs somurb n`vostnmbcnó` do ib vordbd. Zbrb ib pruofb do n`spoccnó` kcuibr quo `k so hbyb prbctncbdk b`tos do ib bporturb do ibs sosnk`os, sn oi iumbr quo dofb sor n`spoccnk`bdk so hbiibro o` ib cbpntbi, so ck`stntunrâ o` îi oi Trnfu`bi ck` ibs pbrtos, y oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do  Gustncnb oxto`dorâ dninmo`cnb oxprosnvb doi iumbr k cksb n`spoccnk`bdb, hbcno`dk ck`stbr o` oiib ibs kfsorvbcnk`os do ibs pbrtos y doeâs n`cndo`tos quo kcurrb`. Sbfåb quo Ib rotrnfucnó` b ib quo tno`o` dorochk iks tostnmks ostâ rolio gbdb o` oi brt. 2=.2 do ib IKZG, quo dotoren`b quo tkdbs ibs porsk`bs y o`tndbdos p÷fincbs y prnvbdbs ostâ` kfinmbdbs b prostbr, o` ib lkreb quo ib Ioy ostbfiozcb, ib ckibfkrbcnó` roquorndb pkr iks Guocos y Trnfu`bios o` oi cursk doi prkcosk y o` ib ogocucnó` do ik rosuoitk, ck` ibs oxcopcnk`os quo ostbfiozcb` ib Ck`stntucnó` y ibs ioyos, y sn` porguncnk doi rosbrcneno`tk do iks mbstks y doi bfk`k do ibs roeu`orbcnk`os dofndbs quo prkcodb` ck`lkreo b ib Ioy Sn oi iumbr ostuvnoso luorb do ib cbpntbi, so ck`stntunrâ o` îi ck` ibs pbrtos oi n`dnvnduk doi Trnfu`bi quo oi Zrosndo`to dosnm`o, prbctncâ`dkso ibs dninmo`cnbs o` ib lkreb ostbfiocndb o` oi pârrblk b`tornkr. O` tkdk ik doeâs so ostbrâ, o` cub`tk luoro `ocosbrnk, b ik dnspuostk o` oi Tåtuik \ doi Cbpåtuik N doi Infrk NN do ib IOCrn. • Dnspksncnk`os ckeu`os b iks eodnks do pruofb @k pkdrâ` prbctncbrso ktrbs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb quo ibs prkpuostbs pkr ibs pbrtos, `n sor oxben`bdks ktrks tostnmks quo iks ckepro`dndks o` ibs instbs proso`tbdbs. So oxcopt÷b`7 2.· Iks cbroks do iks tostnmks o`tro så k ck` iks prkcosbdks k o`tro ostks, quo oi Zrosndo`to bcuordo do klncnk, k b prkpuostb do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos. 6.· Ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb `k prkpuostbs pkr `n`mu`b do ibs pbrtos, quo oi Trnfu`bi ck`sndoro `ocosbrnbs pbrb ib ckeprk fbcnó` do cubiqunorb do iks iks hochks quo hbyb` sndk kfgotk do iks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó`. 3.· Ibs dninmo`cnbs do pruofb do cubiqunorb cibso quo o` oi bctk klrozcb` ibs pbrtos pbrb bcrodntbr bimu`b cnrcu`stb`cnb quo puodb n`liunr o` oi vbikr prkfbtkrnk do ib docibrbcnó` do u` tostnmk, sn oi Trnfu`bi ibs ck`sndorb bdensnfios (brt. =6> IOCrn). Zkdrâ` tbefnî` ioorso k roprkducnrso b n`stb`cnb do cubiqunorb do ibs pbrtos ibs dninmo`cnbs prbctncbdbs o` oi suebrnk, quo, pkr cbusbs n`dopo`dno`tos do ib vkiu`tbd do bquoiibs, `k puodb` sor roprkducndbs o` oi guncnk krbi, y ibs docibrbcnk`os rocnfndbs odntkrnbi    }         cop 64= Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 Vocuordo Brt. 66>.3 IKZG7 ’3. Ostbs bctubcnk`os pkdrâ` robinzbrso b trbvîs do vndokck`loro`cnb u ktrk snstoeb snenibr quo porentb ib ckeu`ncbcnó` fndnroccnk`bi y sneuitâ`ob do ib nebmo` y oi sk`ndk y ib n`torbccnó` vnsubi, budntnvb y vorfbi o`tro dks porsk`bs k mrupks do porsk`bs mokmrâlncbeo`to dnstb`tos, bsomurb`dk o` tkdk cbsk ib pksnfnindbd do ck`trbdnccnó` do ibs pbrtos y ib sbivbmubrdb doi dorochk do dolo`sb, cub`dk bså ik bcuordo oi Guoz k Trnfu`bi. O` ostks cbsks, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb doi  Guzmbdk k Trnfu`bi quo hbyb bckrdbdk ib eodndb bcrodntbrâ dosdo ib prkpnb sodo gudncnbi ib ndo`tndbd do ibs porsk`bs quo n`torvo`mb` b trbvîs do ib vndokck`loro`cnb eodnb`to ib provnb roensnó` k ib oxhnfncnó` dnroctb do dkcueo`tbcn dkcueo`tbcnó`, ó`, pkr ck`kcneno`tk porsk`bi k pkr cubiqunor ktrk eodnk prkcosbi ndó`ok.― 648 do ck`lkrendbd ck` ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik 448 durb`to ib lbso do n`vostnmbcnó` b ibs våctnebs eo`kros do odbd y b ibs våctnebs ck` dnscbpbcndbd `ocosntbdbs do ospocnbi prktoccnó` (brt. =3: IOCrn). Oi Trnfu`bi bdkptbrâ ibs dnspksncnk`os ck`vo`no`tos pbrb ovntbr quo iks prkcosbdks quo so hbiio` o` infortbd prkvnsnk`bi so buso`to` k dogo` do ckepbrocor b ibs sosnk`os dosdo quo ostbs do` prn`cnpnk hbstb quo so prk`u`cno ib so`to`cnb (brt. =32 IOCrn). Oi Trnfu`bi, do klncnk k b n`stb`cnb do pbrto, pkr rbzk`os do utnindbd, somurndbd k do krdo` p÷finck, bså ckek o` bquoiiks supuostks o` quo ib ckepbroco`cnb do quno` hbyb do n`torvo`nr o` cubiqunor tnpk do prkcodneno`tk po`bi ckek n`vostnmbdk, tostnmk, porntk, k o` ktrb ck`dncnó` rosuito mrbvksb k porgudncnbi, pkdrâ bckrdbr quo su bctubcnó` so robinco b trbvîs do vndokck`loro`cnb u ktrk snstoeb snenibr quo porentb ib ckeu`ncbcnó`  fndnroccnk`bi y sneuitâ`ob sneuitâ`ob do ib nebmo` y oi sk`ndk, do bcuordk ck` ik dnspuostk o` oi bpbrtbdk 3 doi brt. 66> do ib Ioy Krmâ`ncb doi Zkdor Gudncnbi (brt. =32 fns IOCrn). • Voloro`cnb b ib iibebdb pruofb pruofb n`dncnbrnb Ib iibebdb pruofb n`dnroctb, k pkr n`dncnks, `k os b dnloro`cnb do ibs b`tornkros, u` eodnk prkfbtkrnk, sn`k u` prkcosk do rbzk`beno`tk iómnck, iibebdk guncnk do n`loro`cnb―, quo porento, pbrtno`dk do u`ks hochks fâsncks k n`dncnbrnks (`ocosbrnbeo`to pu`nfios), ck`sndorbr prkfbdks iks hochks kfgotk doi o`guncnbeno`tk. To`no`dk o` cuo`tb quo tb`tk ib gurnsprudo`cnb doi TS ckek ib doi TC ck`sndorb` quo puodo ck`stntunr pruofb sulncno`to pbrb dosvnrtubr ib prosu`cnó` do n`kco`cnb, snoepro quo ck`currb` iks snmuno`tos roqunsntks7 - Ruo oxnstb` vbrnks hochks fbso k n`dncnbrnks o`ibzbdks o`tro så. Bu`quo oxcopcnk`bieo`to so bdentnrâ 2 skik cub`dk sob do ospocnbi snm`nlncbcnó` y ovndo`cnb (os docnr, so to`mb quo doducnr `ocosbrnbeo`to ib oxnsto`cnb doi hochk quo os su ck`socuo`cnb). - Ruo iks hochks n`dncnbrnks ostî` pio`beo`to doekstrbdks o` ib cbusb eodnb`to pruofb dnroctb. - Ruo iks hochks n`dncnbrnks `k rosuito` dosvnrtubdk dosvnrtubdkss pkr ktrks do snm`k ck`trbrnk oxcuipbtkrnks. - Ruo o`tro iks hochks n`dncnbrnks n`dncnbrnks y oi quo quo so trbtb do doducnr oxnstb o`ibco procnsk y dnroctk som÷` ibs romibs doi crntornk hueb`k. - Ruo ib so`to`cnb oxpincnto oi rbzk`be rbzk`beno`tk no`tk pkr vnrtud doi cubi iiomb b ib ck`ciusnó` do ostnebr prkfbdk oi hochk prosu`tk b pbrtnr do iks n`dncnbrnks bcrodntbdks (’guncnk do n`loro`cnb―).   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi C. Ck`ciusnk`os b. Ck`ciusnk`os doln`ntnvbs Zrbctncbdbs ibs dninmo`cnbs do ib pruofb, ibs pbrtos pkdrâ` ekdnlncbr ibs ck`ciusnk`os do iks oscrntks do cbinlncbcnó`, lkreuib`dk pkr oscrntk ibs `uovbs ck`ciusnk`os pbrb o`trombr bi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi (brt. =36 IOCrn). Ibs ck`ciusnk`os pkdrâ` lkreuibrso o` lkreb bitor`btnvb, som÷` ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 O` sus n`lkreos oxpk`drâ` ostks iks hochks quo ck`sndoro` prkfbdks o` oi guncnk, su cbinlncbcnó` iombi, ib pbrtncnpbcnó` quo o` oiiks hbyb` to`ndk iks prkcosbdks y ib rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni quo hbyb` ck`trbådk iks enseks u ktrbs porsk`bs, bså ckek ibs cksbs quo sob` su kfgotk, k ib cb`tndbd o` quo dofb` sor romuibdbs cub`dk iks n`lkreb`tos k sus roproso`tbdks ogorcnto` tbefnî` ib bccnó` cnvni. Oi Zrosndo`to ck`codorâ dospuîs ib pbibfrb bi dolo`skr doi bctkr cnvni sn ik hufnoro, quno` inentbrâ su n`lkreo b iks pu`tks ck`cor`no`tos b ib rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni. O` somundb dbrâ ib pbibfrb b iks dolo`skros do iks prkcosbdks, y dospuîs do oiiks b iks do ibs porsk`bs cnvnieo`to rospk`sbfios, sn `k so dolo`dnoro` fbgk u`b skib roproso`tbcnó` ck` bquoiiks. Iks n`lkreos do iks dolo`skros do ibs pbrtos so bckekdbrâ` b ibs ck`ciusnk`os quo doln`ntnvbeo`to hbyb` lkreuibdk, y o` su cbsk b ib prkpuostb pkr oi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi. d. Voctnlncbcnó` do hochks y ck`coptks Dospuîs do ostks n`lkreos skik sorâ porentndk b ibs pbrtos ib roctnlncbcnó` do hochks y ck`coptks. o. Dorochk b ib ÷itneb pbibfrb Toren`bdbs ib bcusbcnó` y ib dolo`sb, oi Zrosndo`to promu`tbrâ b iks prkcosbdks sn tno`o` bimk quo eb`nlostbr bi Trnfu`bi. Bi quo ck`tostbro blnrebtnvbeo`to, io sorâ ck`codndb ib pbibfrb. Oi Zrosndo`to cundbrâ do quo iks prkcosbdks bi usbrib `k klo`db` ib ekrbi `n lbito` bi rospotk dofndk bi Trnfu`bi `n b ibs ck`sndorbcnk`os ckrrospk`dno`tos b tkdbs ibs porsk`bs, y quo so cnòb` b ik quo sob portn`o`to, rotnrâ`dkios ib pbibfrb o` cbsk `ocosbrnk. D. So`to`cnb Dospuîs do hbfibr iks dolo`skros do ibs pbrtos y iks prkcosbdks o` su cbsk, oi Zrosndo`to docibrbrâ ck`ciusk oi guncnk pbrb so`to`cnb. Oi Trnfu`bi, bprocnb`dk, som÷` su ck`cno`cnb ibs pruofbs prbctncbdbs o` oi guncnk, ibs r bzk`os oxpuostbs pkr ib bcusbcnó` y ib dolo`sb y ik eb`nlostbdk pkr iks enseks prkcosbdks, dnctbrâ so`to`cnb do`trk doi tîren`k lngbdk o` ostb Ioy. Snoepro quo oi Trnfu`bi hbmb usk doi infro brfntrnk quo pbrb ib cbinlncbcnó` doi dointk k pbrb ib nepksncnó` do ib po`b io ktkrmb oi Códnmk Zo`bi, doforâ ck`snm`br sn hb tkebdk o` ck`sndorbcnó` iks oioeo`tks do guncnk quo oi procoptk bpincbfio do bquoi kfinmuo pbrb to`or o` cuo`tb. O` ib so`to`cnb so roskivorâ` tkdbs ibs cuostnk`os quo hbyb` sndk kfgotk doi guncnk, ck`do`b`dk k bfskivno`dk b iks prkcosbdks, `k skik pkr oi dointk prn`cnpbi y sus ck`oxks, sn`k tbefnî` pkr ibs lbitbs n`cndo`tbios do quo so hbyb ck`kcndk o` ib cbusb, sn` quo puodb oi Trnfu`bi oepiobr o` osto ostbdk ib lóreuib doi skfrosoneno`tk rospoctk do iks bcusbdks b quno`os crob quo `k dofo ck`do`br. Tbefnî` so roskivorâ` o` ib so`to`cnb tkdbs ibs cuostnk`os roloro`tos b ib rospk`sbfnindbd cnvni quo hbyb` sndk kfgotk doi guncnk. Ik dnspuostk o` oi pârrblk qun`tk doi brt. <3? skfro oi dostn`k do ibs pnozbs do ck`vnccnó` quo o`trbro`, pkr su `bturbiozb, bim÷` poinmrk mrbvo pbrb iks n`torosos quo o` oi ensek so oxprosb`, sorâ bpincbfio b ibs so`to`cnbs bfskiutkrnbs. Oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb `ktnlncbrâ ib so`to`cnb pkr oscrntk b iks klo`dndks y porgudncbdks pkr oi dointk, bu`quo `k so hbyb` ekstrbdk pbrto o` ib cbusb. 6?:   odntkrnbi    }         cop Ib pruofb o` oi prkcosk po`bi O. Dkcueo`tbcnó` Oi dosbrrkiik do ibs sosnk`os doi guncnk krbi so romnstrbrâ o` skpkrto bptk pbrb ib mrbfbcnó` y roprkduccnó` doi sk`ndk y do ib nebmo`. Oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb doforâ custkdnbr oi dkcueo`tk oioctró`nck quo snrvb do skpkrto b ib mrbfbcnó`. Ibs pbrtos pkdrâ` podnr, b su ckstb, ckpnb do ibs mrbfbcnk`os krnmn`bios. Snoepro quo so cuo`to ck` iks eodnks toc`kiómncks `ocosbrnks oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb mbrb`tnzbrâ ib buto`tncndbd o n`tomrndbd do ik mrbfbdk k roprkducndk eodnb`to ib utninzbcnó` do ib lnreb oioctró`ncb rock`kcndb u ktrk snstoeb do somurndbd quo ck`lkreo b ib ioy klrozcb tbios mbrb`tåbs. O` osto cbsk, ib coiofrbcnó` doi bctk `k roquornrâ ib proso`cnb o` ib sbib doi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb sbivk quo ik hufnorb` skincntbdk ibs pbrtos, bi eo`ks 6 dåbs b`tos do ib coiofrbcnó` do ib vnstb, k quo oxcopcnk`bieo`to ik ck`sndoro `ocosbrnk oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb, bto`dno`dk b ib ckepiogndbd doi bsu`tk, bi `÷eork y `bturbiozb do ibs pruofbs b prbctncbr, bi `÷eork do n`torvn`no`tos, b ib pksnfnindbd do quo so prkduzcb` n`cndo`cnbs quo `k pudnorb` romnstrbrso, k b ib ck`curro`cnb do ktrbs cnrcu`stb`cnbs nmubieo`to oxcopcnk`bios quo ik gustnlnquo`, supuostk o` oi cubi oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb oxto`dorâ bctb sucn`tb o` iks tîren`ks provnstks o` oi bpbrtbdk snmuno`to. Sn iks eocb`nseks do mbrb`tåb provnstks o` oi bpbrtbdk b`tornkr `k so pudnoso` utninzbr oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb doforâ ck`snm`br o` oi bctb, bi eo`ks, iks snmuno`tos dbtks7 `÷eork y cibso do prkcodneno`tk1 iumbr y lochb do coiofrbcnó`1 tnoepk do durbcnó`, bsnsto`tos bi bctk1 potncnk`os y prkpuostbs do ibs pbrtos1 o` cbsk do prkpksncnó` do pruofbs, docibrbcnó` do portn`o`cnb y krdo` o` ib prâctncb do ibs ensebs1 roskiucnk`os quo bdkpto oi Guoz k Trnfu`bi1 bså ckek ibs cnrcu`stb`cnbs o n`cndo`cnbs quo `k pudnorb` ck`stbr o` bquoi skpkrto. Cub`dk iks eodnks do romnstrk provnstks o` osto brtåcuik `k so pudnoso` utninzbr pkr cubiqunor cbusb, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb oxto`dorâ bctb do cbdb sosnó`, rockmno`dk o` oiib, ck` ib oxto`snó` y dotbiio `ocosbrnks, oi ck`to`ndk oso`cnbi do ib pruofb prbctncbdb, ibs n`cndo`cnbs y rocibebcnk`os prkducndbs y ibs roskiucnk`os bdkptbdbs. Oi bctb provnstb b`tornkreo`to, so oxto`dorâ pkr prkcodneno`tks n`lkreâtncks, sn` quo puodb sor eb`uscrntb eâs quo o` ibs kcbsnk`os o` quo ib sbib o` quo so ostî coiofrb`dk ib bctubcnó` cbrozcb do eodnks n`lkreâtncks. O` ostks cbsks, bi toren`br ib sosnó` oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb ioorâ oi bctb, hbcno`dk o` oiib ibs roctnlncbcnk`os quo ibs pbrtos rocibeo`, sn ibs ostneb prkcodo`tos. Osto bctb so lnrebrâ pkr oi Zrosndo`to y enoefrks doi Trnfu`bi, pkr oi Lnscbi y pkr iks dolo`skros do ibs pbrtos. 4. IB [email protected]Ó@ DOI G_NCNK KVBI7 CB_SBS ^ [email protected][email protected] [email protected][email protected] NBS Bfnortk oi guncnk krbi, ck`tn`ubrâ durb`to tkdbs ibs sosnk`os ck`socutnvbs quo sob` `ocosbrnbs hbstb su ck`ciusnó` (brt. =44 IOCrn). @k kfstb`to, ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik b`tornkr, oi Zrosndo`to doi Trnfu`bi pkdrâ suspo`dor ib bporturb do ibs sosnk`os cub`dk ibs pbrtos, pkr ektnvks n`dopo`dno`tos do su vkiu`tbd, `k tuvnoro` propbrbdbs ibs pruofbs klrocndbs o` sus rospoctnvks oscrntks. 4.2 Cbusbs Zrkcodorâ bdoeâs ib suspo`snó` doi guncnk krbi o` iks cbsks snmuno`tos7 2· Cub`dk oi Trnfu`bi tuvnoro quo roskivor durb`to iks dofbtos bimu`b cuostnó` cuostnó` n`cndo`tbi quo pkr cubiqunor cbusb lu`dbdb `k puodb docndnrso o` oi bctk . odntkrnbi    }         cop 6?2 Zrkcodneno`tks Zrkcodneno` tks Gudncnbios. D) Zrkcodneno` Zrkcodneno`tk tk Zo`bi. Toeb 48 6· Cub`dk ck` brromik b osto Códnmk oi Trnfu`bi k bimu`k do sus n`dnvnduks tuvnoro quo prbctncbr bimu`b dninmo`cnb luorb doi iumbr do ibs sosnk`os y `k pudnoro vornlncbrso o` oi tnoepk n`toreodnk o`tro u`b y ktrb sosnó`. 3· Cub`dk `k ckepbrozcb` iks tostnmks do cbrmk y do doscbrmk klrocndks pkr ibs pbrtos y oi Trnfu`bi ck`sndoro `ocosbrnb ib docibrbcnó` do iks enseks. Zkdrâ, sn` oefbrmk, oi Trnfu`bi bckrdbr o` osto cbsk ib ck`tn`ubcnó` doi guncnk y ib prâctncb do ibs doeâs pruofbs1 y dospuîs quo so hbyb` hochk, suspo`dorik hbstb quo ckepbrozcb` iks tostnmks buso`tos. Sn ib `k ckepbroco`cnb doi tostnmk luoro pkr oi ektnvk oxpuostk o` oi brt. =28, so prkcodorâ ckek so dotoren`b o` oi ensek y o` iks dks snmuno`tos. 4· Cub`dk bim÷` n`dnvnduk doi Trnfu`bi k oi oi dolo`skr do cubiqunorb do ibs ibs pbrtos o`lorebro ropo`tn`beo`to hbstb oi pu`tk do quo `k puodb ck`tn`ubr tkeb`dk pbrto o` oi guncnk `n puodb sor rooepibzbdk oi ÷itnek sn` mrbvo n`ck`vo`no`to pbrb ib dolo`sb doi n`torosbdk. Ik dnspuostk o` osto osto `÷eork rospoctk b iks dolo`skros dolo`skros do ibs pbrtos so o`tno`do o`tno`do bpincbfio bpincbfio bi Lnscbi. Lnscbi. ?· Cub`dk bimu`k do iks prkcosbdks so hbiio o` oi cbsk doi `÷eork b`tornkr, o` o` tîren`ks do quo `k puodb ostbr proso`to o` oi guncnk. Ib suspo`snó` `k so bckrdbrâ pkr ostb cbusb, cbusb, sn`k dospuîs do hbfor hbfor kådk b iks lbcuitbtnvks `kefrbdks do klncnk pbrb oi rock`kcneno`tk doi o`lorek. <· Cub`dk rovoibcnk`os k rotrbctbcnk`os n`osporbdbs prkduzcb` bitorbcnk`os sustb`cnbios o` iks guncnks, hbcno`dk `ocosbrnks `uovks oioeo`tks do pruofb k bimu`b suebrnb n`struccnó` supioeo`tbrnb. @k so suspo`dorâ oi guncnk pkr ib o`loreodbd k n`ckepbroco`cnb do bimu`k do iks prkcosbdks cntbdks porsk`bieo`to, snoepro quo oi Trnfu`bi ostnebro, ck` budno`cnb do ibs pbrtos y hbcno`dk ck`stbr o` oi bctb doi guncnk ibs rbzk`os do ib docnsnó`, quo oxnsto` oioeo`tks sulncno`tos pbrb guzmbrios ck` n`dopo`do`cnb. Cub`dk oi prkcosbdk sob u`b porsk`b gurådncb, so ostbrâ b ik dnspuostk o` oi brtåcuik =8< fns IOCrn (os docnr, ib buso`cnb do ib porsk`b dosnm`bdb pkr oiib pbrb su roproso`tbcnó` `k nepodnrâ ib vnstb quo so iiovbrâ b cbfk ck` su bfkmbdk y prkcurbdkr). O` iks cbsks 2·, 6·, 4· y ?· b`tornkros, oi Trnfu`bi pkdrâ docrotbr do klncnk ib suspo`snó`. O` iks doeâs cbsks ib docrotbrâ, sno`dk prkcodo`to, b n`stb`cnb do pbrto. 4.6 Ck`socuo`cnbs Ib romib mo`orbi os quo iks bctks b`tornkros ck`sorvb` su vbindoz. Ck`socuo`toeo`to - O` iks butks do suspo`snó` quo so dncto` so lngbrâ oi tnoepk tnoepk do ib suspo`snó`, suspo`snó`, sn luoro pksnfio, y so dotoren`brâ ik quo ckrrospk`db pbrb ib ck`tn`ubcnó` doi guncnk. Ck`trb ostks butks `k so dbrâ rocursk bimu`k - Cub`dk pkr rbzó` do iks cbsks provnstks o` iks `÷eorks 4· y ?· b`tornkros hbyb do prkik`mbrso n`doln`ndbeo`to ib suspo`snó` doi guncnk, k pkr u` tnoepk doebsnbdk ibrmk, so docibrbrâ sn` oloctk ib pbrto doi guncnk coiofrbdb. Ik ensek pkdrâ bckrdbr oi Trnfu`bi o` oi cbsk doi `÷eork <·, sn ib propbrbcnó` do iks oioeo`tks oioeo`tks do pruofb k ib suebrnb n`struccnó` supioeo`tbrnb oxnmnoro bim÷` tnoepk. O` befks cbsks, oi Iotrbdk do ib Bden`nstrbcnó` Bden`nstrbcnó` do Gustncnb soòbibrâ dåb pbrb `uovk `uovk guncnk guncnk cub`dk dosbpbrozcb ib cbusb do ib suspo`snó` k puodb` sor rooepibzbdbs ibs porsk`bs rooepibzbfios. 6?6   odntkrnbi    }         cop