'( % )
Disclosure to Promote the Right Right To Information Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
“ 7"#1 7"#1 &" &" 8+9&") 7:1 7:1 &" &" 8+9&") ”
“ /0 )"1 &2 324 #' 5 *)6 ”
Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan
“The Right to Information, The Right to Live”
“Step Out From the Old to the New”
IS 13183 (1991): Aluminium paint, heat resistant [CHD 20: Paints, Varnishes and Related Products]
“ !"# $ %& #' (")* &" +#,-. ” Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda
“Invent a New India Using Knowledge”
“ !"# %& ;<" =7"#" > 72 &(: ?0 )"@" #AB 7" <&*" *A ” Bhart+hari—N,ti-atakam
“Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen”
IS 13183 : 1991
ALUMINIUM PAINT, HEAT RESISTANT — SPECIFICATION
667.633.42 : 669.71
© BIS 1991
BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110002 October 1991
Price Group 2
Paints and Allied Products Sectional Commi ttee, CH D 020
FOREWORD This Indian Standard was adopted by the Bureau of India n Standar ds, after the draft finalized by the Paints and Allied Products Sectional Committee had been approved by the Chemical Division Council. Considering the need of an alum inium pain t for the painti ng of steel structures and equipments to prevent corrosion at high temperature, it was decided to formulate a standard on heat resistant paint. Paint complying with this standa rd is inten ded for interio r and exterio r use on metal surfaces that may be subjected to temperature up to 600°C. Th e paint is intended for use on gasoline, diesel and steam engin es, steam turbines, pumps etc and interior structural members of boilers and boiler houses. For the purpose of derid ing whether a partic ular require ment of this s tanda rd is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordan ce with IS 2 : 1960 'Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised )'. Th e num ber of significant places retain ed in the rounded off value should be th e same as that of the specified value in this stand ard.
AMENDMENT NO. 2 MAY 2002 TO IS 13183:1991 ALUMINIUM PAINT, HEAT RESISTANT — SPECIFICATION ( Page 2, Table 1 , Sl No 2, col 2 ) — Substitute 'Non volatile matter and pigment content' for 'Non-volatile matter'. ( Page 2, Table 1, Sl No. 2, col 4 ) — Substitute '101 (Part 8/Sec 2) 1990' for '27 of IS 101 1964'.
( CHD 20 )
Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India
AMENDMENT NO. 1 JANUARY 1993 TO IS 13183 : 1991 ALUMINIUM PAINT, HEAT RESISTANT — SPECIFICATION ( Page 3, clause B-1, informal table, line 4 ) — Delete ( Page 3, clause B-1 , para 2, line 6 ) — Substitute 'grade 1' for 'grade 3' ( Page 3, clause C-2 ) — Substitute 'STEEL' for 'STFEL' ( Page 4, Annex E ) — Delete
( CHD 020 ) Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India
IS 13183 : 1991
In dian Standard
ALUMINIUM PAINT, HEAT RESISTANT — SPECIFICATON 1 SCOPE
4.4 Salt Spray Resistance
This standard prescribes the requirements, methods of sampling and test for the heat resistant Aluminium Paint . This material shall withst and solvents, normal weather exposure and tempera ture up to 600°C.
Films of paint prepared and tested as in Annex C and examined immediately after removal from the test shall show not mor e tha n a trace of rusting and not m ore than 5 blisters, non of which is larger than 1 mm in diameter. Dulling or staining unaccompained by red rusting shall be per mitted. On removal of the paint from the panels tested as in C-2, the surface of the steel shall show no more tha n a trace of rusting, pitting or corrosion.
1.1 The material will be used as a finishing heat resistant paint for chimneys, stacks, boiler, pipes and furnace structures where protection to mode rate corrosive marine and industrial environment and heat resistance are required. 2 REFERENCES The Indian Standards listed in Annex A are necessary adjuncts to this standard. 3 COMPOSITION AND GRADES Th e material shall be based on suitable binders such as silicone resin, organic titan ates, hydro carbon resin or synthetic rubber resins alongwith aluminium paste ( see IS 289 : 1963 ) and extender pigments in suitable proportions Grade 1 — up to 600°C Grade 2 — up to 400°C Grade 3 — up to 200°C
4.5 Water Resistance A film of paint when tested as in Annex D shall show no wrinkling or blistering immediately upon removal of the panel from the water . The paint shall be no more than slightly affected when examined 2 hours after removal, and after 24 hours air drying, the portion of the paint which was immersed shall show no more than a slight whitening or dulling in comparison to the portion that was not immersed. 4.6 Mass in kg/10 Litres The minimum mass in kg/10 litres of the material, when tested as per IS 101 ( Par t 1/Sec 7 ) : 1987 shall be within ± 3 percent of the approved sample. 4.7 Th e mat erial shall also conform to requirements given in Table 1.
NOTES 1 Composition mentioned in the specification should be treat ed as guidelines and not mandatory upon the manufacturer.
5 PACKING AND MARKING 5.1 Packing
2 Maximum operating temperatur e resistance for a paint is limited by melting point of the pigment. Since melting point for alumininium is 600°C, paints above 600°C t empe ratu re resistance are not recom mended.
Th e paint shall be packed as agreed to betwee n the purchaser and the supplier. 5.2 Marking
The container shall be marked with the following information:
4.1 The paint shall be suitable for brushing or spraying without reduction.
a) Name and grade of the material;
4.2 Keeping Properties
b) Indicatio n of the source of manufacture;
Th e paint shall not skin, gel, thicken excessively or cake in the original unopened conta iner for a period of not less tha n one year from the date of manufacture.
c) Volume of the material; d) Batch No. or Lot No. in code or otherwise; e) Month and year of manufacture; and f ) Caution notes as follows;
4.3 Heat Resistance
i) The material is to be kept away from flames, and
Films of paint prepared and tested as in Annex B shall show no cracking, blistering, flaking or peeling. When cut as in Annex B the paint shall adhere tightly to the metal.
ii) Use only with adequate ventilation. Avoid prolonged breathi ng of vapour or contact with skin. 1
IS 13183 : 1991 Table 1 Requirements for Aluminium Paint, Heat Resistant
( Clause 4.7 )
Method of Test Ref. to IS No.
a) Surface dry h, Max
b) Tack free h, Max c) Hard dry h, Max Non-volatile matter, percent by mass, Min Flash point, °C
3 18 30
101 ( Part 3/Sec 1 ) : 1986
Scratch hardness, ( 750 g load )
Flexibility and adhesion, after 48 hours drying
- d o -
Protection against corrosion under conditions of condensation ( 7 days )
- d o -
Above 27°C That of metallic aluminium Bright, smooth & lustrous To pass the test
Consistency, Sec, Min
27 of IS 101 : 1964 101 ( Part 1/Sec 6 ) : 1967 11 of IS 101 : 1964 101 ( Part 3/Sec4 ) : 1987 101 ( Part 5/Sec 1 ) : 1988 101 ( Part 5/Sec 2 ) : 1988 101 ( Part 6/Sec 1 ) : 1988 101 ( Part 1/Sec 5 )
*Applicable only to grade 2 and 3 and to be carried out after full cure
6.1 Rep resentati ve samples of the material shall be drawn as prescribed in IS 101 ( Part 1/Sec 1 ) 1986
7.1 Tests shall be conducted as referred in col 4 of Table 1.
6.2 Criteria of Conformity
Unless otherwise specified, pure c hemicals and distilled water ( see IS 1070 : 1977 ) shall be employed. NOTE — 'Pure chemicals' shall mean chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the results of analysis.
7.2 Quality of Reagents
A lot shall be described as conforming to the requiremen ts of this stand ard, if th e test results of the composite sample satisfy all the requ ire ments prescribed under 4.
( Clause 2 ) LIST OF REFERRED INDIAN STANDARDS IS No.
101 ( Part 1/Sec 1 )
Sec 5 Consistency ( under print ) Sec 6 ) : 1987 Sec 6 Flash point ( third revision ) Sec 7 ) 1987 Sec 7 Mass per 10 litres ( third revision ) ( Part 3/Sec 1 ) : 1986 Part 3 Tests on paint film formation Sec 1 Drying time ( third revision )
Sec 5 ) : 1987
Methods of test for ready mixed paints and enamels ( second revision ) Meth ods of sampling and test for paints, var nishes and related products . Part 1 Test on liquid paints ( gene ral and physical ) Sec 1 Sampling ( third revision ) 2
IS 13183 : 1991 IS N o.
Sec 4 ) : 1987
Sec 4 Finish revision )
( Part 5/Sec 1 ) : 1987
Part 5 Mechanical tests on paint films Sec 1 Hardness test ( third revision )
Sec 2 ) : 1987
( Par t 6/Sec 1 ) . 1887
Part 6 Durability tests on paint films Sec 1 Durability under condi tions of condensation ( third revision ) Alumin ium paste for paints ( revised )
289 : 1963 1070 : 1977
Sec 2 Flexibility and adhesion ( third revision )
Water for gener al labo ratory use ( second revision )
ANNEX B ( Clause 4.3 ) TESTING OF HEAT RESISTANCE
Rem ove the panels from the furnace for as short a period of time as possible and inspect ( except for knife test ) for compliance with 4.3 at the end of each heating period. Remove two panels at the end of the 40 0° C, for grade 2, and 500°C, lor grad e 3, healing periods lor use in the salt spray test ( see Annex C ) At the conclusion of the heat ing schedule remove the remaining two panels, allow to cool in air for 24 hours, cut with a knife blade and observe for conformity with 4.3.
B-1 HOT ROLLED STEEL Select eight 10 cm × 15 cm panels which are completely free of loose mill scale from 14 gauge as rolled commercia l quality low carbon steeh Clean it with the solvent, aliphatic naphthaethyl ene glycol monethyl ether solvent mixtu re. Spray the paint, one or two coats, on all the eight panels so as to obtain a total dry film thickness between 20 to 30 microns. Dry it in air for 24 hour s. Place the panels in furnace in such a way th at no par t of these is in direct contact with the botto m or sides of the furnace and subject to the following heating schedules. Grade 3
Time 8 h
4h 1h 1 h
300 400 600
B-2 COLD ROLLED STEEL
Prepare and clean the panels as in B-1 Apply the paint to the side of the pane ! tha t has been flat polished Air dry for 30 minutes a nd bake at 250°C for 1 hour. Cool to room temperat ure Place the panels in a furnace and heat for 24 houts, in a furnace that has been previously raised to a temperat ure of 600° ± 2°C. Remove from the oven, cool and inspect for conformity with 4.3 performing the knife test as in B-1.
ANNEX C ( Clause 4.4 ) TESTING OF SALT SPRAY RESISTANCE C-1 HOT ROLLED STEEL
C-2 COLD ROLLED STFEL
Expose the uns cared panels removed from the 400°C or 500°C hea tin g periods of B-1 to the salt spray for 24 hours as per 3 of IS 101 ( Part 6/ Sec 1 ). Up on remova l wash the panels gently in war m runni ng wate r until free from any visible salt deposits an d examine immediately for con formity with 4.4.
Prepare three 10 cm × 30 cm steel panels as in B-2 , except that these are not to be heated up to 600°C. Expose the unscored panels to the salt spray as in C-1 for 96 hours, Upon removal, wash the panels gently in warm running water until free from any visible salt deposits and examine immediately for conformity with 4.4.
IS 13183 : 1991
ANNEX D ( Clause 4 5 ) TESTING OF WATER RESISTANCE immerse the panel for 24 hours at 27 ± 2°C. Upon removal, observe the panel for conformity with 4.5.
D-1 Prepare a film of paint as in B-2, except do not heat to 600°C. Coat all exposed uncoated metallic surfaces with wax or suitable coating and
ANNEX E ( Table 1 , Sl No. 5 ) DETERMINATION OF SILICON CONTENT to the solution at room temperature, followed by 0 5 ml of fuming HNO8. Hold over a low flame or heat several hours to accomplish digestion. When the mass has solidified and danger of froth ing is past, heat the crucible to complete expulsion of SO8 fumes. Place residue, usually black, in a muffle furnace for 1 hour at 800°C and weigh the remaining residue as silicon dioxide (SiO 3 ).
E-1 Place the extracted vehicle in a flask and distill off most of the solvent. Transfer the con centrated resin solution to a tared platinum crucible, using benzene to wash the flask thorough ly, and evaporate the remaining solvent on a steam bath. Add 4 to 5 drops of chlorobenzene which reduces frothing on some samples, and agitate or warm the contents to dissolve the samples, Add 2 ml of 15 percent fuming H2SO4
The use of the Stan dard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. The Standard Mark on pro duc ts covered by an Indian Standa rd conveys the assurance tha t they have been produ ced to comply with the requirem ents of th at standar d under a well defined system of inspe ctio n, testing and quality contro l which is devised and supervised by BIS a nd ope rated by the producer. Stan dard marked prod ucts are also continuously checked by BIS for con formity to that stan dard as a further safeguard. Deta ils of conditions under which a licence for the use of t he Standar d Mark may be granted to manufa ctures or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards.
Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use, in thecourse of implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director ( Publications ), BIS. Revision of Indian Standards Indian Standards are reviewed periodically and revised, when necessary and amendments, if any, are issued from lime to time. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition. Comments on this Indian Standard may be sent to BIS giving the following reference: Doc : No. CHD 20 ( 0014 )
Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No.
Date of Issue
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Headquarter: Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110002 Telephones : 331 01 31, 331 13 75
Telegrams: Manaksanstha (Common to all Offices)
Regional Offices :
Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110002
331 01 31 33 1 13 75
Eastern : 1/14 C. I. T. Scheme VII M, V. I. P. Road, Maniktola CALCUTTA 700054
87 86 62
Northern : SCO 445-440, Sector 35-C, CHANDIGARH 160036
5 3 38
Southern : C. I. T. Campus, IV Cross Road, MADRAS 600113
Western : Manakalaya, E9 MIDC, Marol, Andheri ( East ) BOMBAY 400093
Branches : AHMADABAD. BANGALORE. BHOPAL. BHUBANESHWAR COIMBATORE. FARIDABAD. GHAZIABAD. GUWAHATI. HYDERABAD. JAIPUR. KANPUR. PATNA. THIR UVA NAN THA PUR AM. Printed at New India Printing Press, Khurja, India