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Windows Server 2008 Module 1-4




Course Network Infrastructure and Active Directory® Technology Skills to Windows Server® 2008 Introduction • Name : Junaid Ali • Certifications : Microsoft Certified Trainer 2010 (Since 2008) • MCITP  EA, EA, MCTS|Ex07, MCSE + Security 2003, MCSA +Messaging 2003,  –  MCSE 2000 + Security, MCSA + Messaging 2000 • ITIL v3 , Certified Ethical Hacker , IBM Tivoli Monitoring • OS, networking, security experience : 7 + Years • Hasho Group UAE, Telen Telenor or , NGO , Clients : PTCL , KASB Bank, UBL , NBP, Hasho Pak Navy Engineering Council, Peoples Steel Mills Email : [email protected] Skype: junaaid.ali Contact # 923009269984 Course Outline 1. Intr Introd oduc ucti tion on of MS Se Serv rver er 2008 2008 2. Types ypes of MS Se Serv rver er 2008 2008 3. Inst Instal alla lati tion on Types ypes o off MS MS Serv Server er 2008 2008 4. Acttive Ac ive Dire Direct ctor ory y Roles les 5. Wind Window ows s Soft Softw ware are upda update te Serv Servic ices es 6. Domain Name Se Serrvice 7. Dyna Dynami mic c Hos Hostt Con Confi figu gura rati tion on Prot Protoc ocol ol 8. Netw Networ ork k Ac Acce cess ss Prot Protec ecti tion on 9. File Screening 10. Hyper - V Module 1 Introduction of Windows Server® 2008 User Interface Differences in Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2003  Windows Server 2008  Network control panel applet Network and Sharing Center  Start menu run command and search tool Combined Run/Search command Component installation Server Manager  Computer Management Server Manager  Initial Configuration Tasks Overview • Network IP Address • Domain Membership • Computer Name • Windows Updates • Windows Firewall What Works Differently? Overview of Server Manager Active Directory Print Server  File Server  Task Manager Task Manager monitors: Applications Processes Services Basic CPU and memory statistics Basic networking performance Connected users • • • • • • Resource Overview Resource Overview shows statistics for: Processor Memory Disk Network • • • • Performance Monitor Performance Monitor can: Monitor many performance counters Vary graphing format View averages, minimum, and maximum values View current activity or logged data • • • • What Are Server Roles? A server role describes the primary function of a server • • • Administrators Administrators can dedicate an entire computer to one role or install multiple server roles on a single computer Each role can include one or more role services or subelement of a role Server Manager is the tool that is used to install, configure, and remove Server Roles What Are Server Roles? Server roles describe the primary server function Active Directory Domain Services Print Services DNS Server File Services Web Server IIS What Are the Windows Infrastructure Infrastructure Services Roles? Windows Infrastructures Services roles include: • Active Directory Certificate Services • Active Directory Rights Management Services • DHCP Server • DNS Server • Fax Server • File Services • Network Policy and Access Services • Print Services • Terminal Services • Windows Deployment Services What Are Server Features? Server features provide auxiliary or supporting functions to servers • • Typically, administrators administrators add features, not as the primary function of a server, but to augment the functionality of installed roles Server Manager is the tool that you can use to install, configure, and manage features in Windows Server 2008 What Are Server Features? Server features are supporting services that can be installed Examples of server features: • .NET Framework 3.0 • Network Load Balancing • Failover Clustering • Desktop Experience • Windows PowerShell What Is Availability? Availability is a level of service that applications, applications, services, or systems provide, expressed as a percentage of time Highly available services or systems are available more than 99% of the time High availability: • • Requirements Requirements differ based on how availability is measured Does not typically include planned outages when calculating availability What Is Scalability? Scalability Scalability measures the ability to increase capacity Scaling up: • Increases the capacity of a single server • Involves adding adding more or better hardware to a server Scaling out: • • Increases the capacity of an application Involves adding additional servers to perform processing What Is Load Balancing? Load Balancing is a system that increases the scalability and availability availability of the servers that provide access to data Other load balancing methods: • • A virtual IP address is used to distribute requests between multiple servers Not suitable for all applications What Is Failover Clustering? Private Network Active Node Shared Storage Public Network Active Node Passive Node Module 2 Types of Windows Server® 2008 Types of Windows Server 2008 Editions Edition Server Core Windows Server 2008 Standard Yes Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Yes Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Yes Windows Web Server 2008 No Windows Server 2008 for ItaniumBased Systems No Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 No Windows Server 2008 Foundation No Module 3 Installation Types of Windows Server ® 2008 Windows Server 2008 Installation Requirements Component Requirement • Processor • • • • Memory • • Available Disk Space Optical Drive Display and Peripherals Minimum: 1 GHz (x86) or 1.4 GHz (x64) Recommended: 2 GHz or faster Optimal: 3 GHz or faster Minimum: 512 MB RAM Recommended: 2 GB RAM Maximum (32-bit): 4 GB (Standard) or 64 GB (Enterprise and Datacenter) Maximum (64-bit): 32 GB (Standard) or 2 TB (Enterprise, (Enterprise, Datacenter, and Itanium-based systems) • Minimum: 10 GB Recommended: 40 GB (Full); 10 GB (Core) • DVD-ROM • • • • Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution monitor Keyboard Microsoft mouse or compatible pointing device Common Installation Scenarios • Clean installations • Upgrades • Unattended installations Preparing to Install Windows Server 2008 Check for application compatibility Disconnect UPS devices Back up existing servers to be upgraded Disable virus protection Run the Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool Obtain mass storage drivers Be aware of Windows Firewall installation defaults Prepare Active Directory for the Active Directory Domain Services role Process for Installing Windows Server 2008 1 Provide language and preferences 2 Setup copies and installs Windows Administrator configures configures the server using the 3 Initial Configuration Tasks page at first logon Demonstration: Demonstration: Installing Server 2008 Enterprise In this demonstration, you will see how to: • Install the Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition Demonstration: Demonstration: Installing Server Roles and Features by Using Server Manager Demons Demonstra tratio tion n steps: steps: you can start it from the following locations • On the Start menu, right-click Computer, Computer, and then click Manage. Manage. • On the Start menu, point to Administrative Tools, Tools, and then click Server Manager. Manager. Install the Print Service role 1. Connect to server 2. Log on as Administrator 3. Click the Server Manager icon in the quick launch bar. 4. Click Roles. Roles. 5. Click Add Roles. Roles. 6. In the Add Roles Wizard, click Next. Next. 7. Select the Print Services check box, and then click Next. Next. 8. On the Print Services page, click Next. Next. 9. On the Select Role Services page, examine the options, and then click Next. Next. 10. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click Install. Install. 11. Click Close to complete the installation. What Is Server Core? A server core is an installation of Windows Server 2008 that: • Has minimal services • Has no graphical interface • Increases security • Can be configured in a limited number of roles Benefits of a Server Core Installation Benefits of a Server Core installation installation include: • Reduced maintenance • Reduced attack surface • Reduced management • Less disk space required Server Roles Supported By Server Core A Server Core installation supports the following server roles: • AD DS • File Services • AD LDS • Print Server • DHCP Server • Streaming Media Services • DNS Server • Web Server (IIS) • Windows Server Virtualization (Hyper-V) Features Supported By Server Core A Server Core installation supports the following features: • • Backup Simple Network Management Protocol • Failover Failover Clustering • Telnet Client • Network Load Balancing • Removable Storage